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Paul Douglas on Weather

Once the snow ends Sunday, get ready to bundle up

Twin Cities Climate Stat Pack From December 10th (through 6 PM)

High Saturday: 12
Low Saturday Morning: 4
Precipitation: 0.04"
Precipitation since January 1st: 38.35" (+8.48" from average)
Snowfall: 0.8"
Snowfall since September 1st: 5.5" (-8.5" from average)


Get Ready To Bundle Up! Cold Blast This Week

Have you gotten your parka out of the closet yet this winter? If not, you may want to find it - and fast!

Saturday saw daytime highs only in the teens here in the Twin Cities, the coldest high we've seen so far this season. The previous coldest had been 20 on Friday. However, we are going to wish for highs in the teens and 20s by the middle of next week.

After a snowy Sunday, with weekend total snow accumulations of 4"+ in the Twin Cities, an Arctic front will slide through the region during the beginning of the week. This will help push south the coldest air we've seen so far this season across the upper Midwest. Highs later this week will only be in the single digits above zero in the Twin Cities, and likely not make it above zero at times across northern Minnesota. We'll also see our first subzero lows since mid-February.

There are also signs that we could see an additional push of cold air next weekend, extending the bitter cold into the week leading up to Christmas. It looks like winter has finally arrived in Minnesota.


Extended Forecast for Minneapolis

SUNDAY: Snow slowly tapers off. High 25. Low 10. Chance of precipitation 100%. Wind NE 5-10 mph.
MONDAY: Slight PM snow chance. Mainly cloudy. High 15. Low -1. Chance of precipitation 20%. Wind SW 3-5 mph.
TUESDAY: Bitter cold starts to settle in. High 6. Low -3. Chance of precipitation 0%. Wind W 5-10 mph.
WEDNESDAY: Coldest day this week. High 3. Low -6. Chance of precipitation 0%. Wind W 10-15 mph.
THURSDAY: Arctic sunshine continues. High 7. Low -3. Chance of precipitation 0%. Wind W 10-15 mph.
FRIDAY: Snow chances on the increase. High 7. Low -1. Chance of precipitation 40%. Wind W 3-5 mph.
SATURDAY: Lingering snow, especially in the AM. High 10. Low -7. Chance of precipitation 30%. Wind N 10-15 mph.


This Day in Weather History
December 11th

2010: A blizzard hits much of southern Minnesota. Minneapolis saw a December record 16.3 inches of snow in one calendar day and much of the metro area saw between 15 and 20 inches of snow.

1983: Nine cars fall through the ice at the same time on Buffalo Lake in central Minnesota. There was only 5 to 6 inches of ice on the lake.

1979: The temperature drops in Roseville from 48 degrees at 2 pm to zero by dawn of the following day.

1916: Montevideo has its fifty-second consecutive day with no precipitation.


Average Temperatures & Precipitation for Minneapolis
December 11th

Average High: 28F (Record: 56F set in 1913)
Average Low: 14F (Record: -14F set in 1972)
Average Precipitation: 0.04" (Record: 1.16" set in 2010)
Average Snow: 0.4" (Record: 16.3" in 2010)

Sunrise/Sunset Times for Minneapolis
December 11th

Sunrise: 7:42 AM
Sunset: 4:32 PM

*Length Of Day: 8 hours, 49 minutes and 55 seconds
*Daylight Lost Since Yesterday: ~0 minutes and 48 seconds

*Latest Sunrise Of The Year: December 27th – January 8th (7:51 am)

*Next Sunset At/After 5 PM: January 17th (5:00 pm)


Minnesota Weather Outlook

Snow will be lingering across Minnesota as we head into Sunday across the region, with highs in the mid/upper 20s across the Twin Cities. Highs will only be in the teens across northern Minnesota.

Here's the forecast for the Twin Cities Sunday. Highs will be around average for this time of the year, with winds out of the east.

Snow totals across southern Minnesota will be in the 4-8" range, with totals approaching 4-6" across the Twin Cities. This is TOTAL snow between Saturday and Sunday, not a Sunday-only total.

Because of the snow expected, Winter Weather Advisories (in purple) are in effect for southern Minnesota through Sunday evening, including here in the Twin Cities.

After the snow... here comes the cold. These are highs for Wednesday across Minnesota - parts of central and southern Minnesota will barely make it into the single digits above zero during the day. Meanwhile, across much of northern Minnesota, highs will remain below zero.

You can see the nose dive we take in temperatures by the middle of next week. Make sure you enjoy the near-average day Sunday while it lasts! Another little warm up is currently pegged in the models for late this week/early next weekend, before another cold blast works in for the beginning of the week right before Christmas. The good news, looking long-long term, is that the models are hinting at another warm up in time for Christmas. Only time will tell.


National Weather Outlook

84 Hour Forecast

As we head through Sunday and into early next week, a snowstorm that will bring areas like Chicago, Milwaukee and Detroit the potential of at least six inches of snow will be moving east. Places like Boston and New York City could pick up a few inches of snow Sunday Night into Monday morning before changing over to rain. Another batch of light snow could be possible across the Great Lakes early next week, followed by more lake effect snow toward the middle and end of the week. Out west, a stream of moisture will be flowing onshore across northern California and into Nevada and Utah by Tuesday, and continue through the middle of the week. Significant mountain snow will be possible.

Heavy Snow Through Monday Plains To Northeast

Starting with the event ongoing Sunday and into Monday from the Midwest to Great Lakes, a long duration snow will finally come to an end Sunday evening across areas such as Chicago, Milwaukee and the Twin Cities. The system will continue to head east Sunday Night into Monday, bringing with it some accumulating snow across the Northeast, including the potential of a few inches of snow in Boston and New York City before changing over to rain during the day Monday. Here's a look at expected overall snow totals for the Milwaukee, Chicago, Detroit, Boston and New York City metros:

Milwaukee Area Forecast:

Chicago Area Forecast:

Detroit Area Forecast:

Boston Area Forecast:

New York City Area Forecast:

Snow Potential Over The Next 10 Days

After this snowstorm moves through the Northeast, another batch of snow will move through early in the week, bringing with it some light snow totals across the upper Midwest and Great Lakes. After that, with the cold air in place, the lake effect machine will start up once again during the middle of the week, bringing heavy snow to the favored Great Lakes snowbelts. Significant western mountain snow will be possible into the middle of next week from California to Colorado and Wyoming with a moist Pacific plume. The models are hinting at another storm system late next week which could bring another shovelable/plowable snow to parts of the Midwest.

Five Day Precipitation Outlook

Parts of the Great Lakes could pick up over an inch of moisture through Thursday, mainly coming in the form of snow. Meanwhile, parts of the eastern U.S. could pick up over an inch of much needed precipitation. Heavy amounts of precipitation are also expected out west, with the potential of a few inches of rain for the Bay Area and (once again) heavy mountain snow.

Ready For Winter To Settle In?

The coldest air of the season (at least so far) is getting ready to plunge south as we head into the work week behind an Arctic front. This will bring temperatures that are a good 10-25 degrees or greater below average to parts of the upper Midwest by Tuesday and Wednesday. This animation above shows 850 mb temperature anomalies from Sunday, December 11th through Saturday, December 17th, with a large batch of colder than average air moving into the upper Midwest, then eventually toward the east coast.

Bitterly Cold Highs Wednesday

These are actual forecast HIGHS for Wednesday across the upper Midwest. Parts of Minnesota and North Dakota will not make it above zero for the entire day. Meanwhile, temperatures will struggle to reach the teens in Milwaukee and Chicago, where they should have a nice layer of snow on the ground by them helping to keep temperatures cooler.

Departure From Average Temperatures Wednesday

Highs Wednesday will be a good 10-25 degrees below average for this time of year as far south as northern Texas, Oklahoma and Arkansas. This cold weather will continue to push east toward the end of the week.

Forecast Wind Chills Late This Week

Brrr! This chart shows the coldest wind chill expected between the 15th and 19th of this month (in the dashed lines) as well as where that ranks vs. climatology this time of year (in the shading). Minimum wind chills for that time period will be far below the climatological average - even in the 90th percentile as far south as Dallas.

Coldest Wind Chills

With the upcoming cold, the Iowa Environmental Mesonet put together this map of "the temperature at which we'd expect to see 12 hours of wind chill at that level or colder" during the selected months. Even as far south as northern Texas we can see wind chills dip into the single digits below zero during the coldest parts of the winter. Read more about this map from the IEM by clicking here.

Another Cold Blast The Week Before Christmas?

There are hints in the models that another cold blast could work south out of Canada just in time for next weekend and the week before Christmas, plunging temperatures once again across a good portion of the country. We will have to keep our eye on this as we head through the next few days... and to see how long it will last.


Colliding Clouds

It’s the weekend, and I know you want to relax. So why not watch a couple clouds crash into each other? This is part of Mitchell F. Chan’s new art piece which you can view in person in Toronto, but only until January 7th. Find out more in this Gizmodo article written by Andrew Liszewski.

Zigzagging Smoke Over Australia

I always find it interesting what we can see on satellite. This picture above (courtesy of NASA) shows the Cocklebiddy fire on December 7th across western Australia. You can see the smoke plume zigzagging across the region. This fire did shut down the Eyre Highway for a time. Click to read more from NASA about this image.

(Photo: Pete Eckert)

A Gym Built To Withstand A Tsunami

One day a tsunami will hit the Pacific Northwest. It’s bound to happen. Westport, WA has taken some steps in order to prepare for one by building an elementary gymnasium that can protect 1,000 people. WIRED has a fascinating story on how they decided to build the structure – and still make it look friendly to elementary school kids: “We tried to employ anything we could to make it more relatable to an elementary school student who is four feet tall,” says Brian Ho, associate at TCF Architecture. That’s no mean feat for a structure surrounded by steel columns, clad in concrete masonry and metal walls, topped by a six-inch-thick steel-and-concrete roof, and anchored by concrete piles that extend 55-feet into the sandy earth.”

Another Warm Month Across The County

Are we done sweltering yet? 2016 saw the second warmest November on record for the lower 48, with three states seeing their warmest November on record (Washington, Idaho and North Dakota). Meanwhile, 20 long term NWS climate locations saw their warmest November on record, and 154 total sites saw a top ten warmest. Click to read more from AerisWeather.

Boston Preparing For Climate Change

On Thursday, the City of Boston released a comprehensive study on how climate change would affect the city, including proposed solutions on how to adapt to our ever changing climate. The report states that Boston has seen 21 events since 1991 that were declared either federal or state disasters, and that the number of events are likely to increase in the future. You can read the whole report on the Climate Ready Boston website.

Clean Energy To Make Your iPhone?

Your next iPhone (okay… maybe your second or third next iPhone) could be at least partially made with wind power. AppleInsider has an article stating that Apple has signed a deal to bring clean wind power to its Chinese suppliers. This is a change for Apple, who has primarily relied on solar power in the past for clean power. More from the AppleInsider article: “The (South China Morning) Post didn't indicate which Apple suppliers would benefit from the arrangement, or how much power Apple is hoping to supply. Recently, however, Lens Technology said it would fully power its glass production with renewable sources by the end of 2018, doing so partly through wind farms in Hunan province.”


Thanks for checking in and have a great Sunday! Don't forget to follow me on Twitter (@dkayserwx) and like me on Facebook (Meteorologist D.J. Kayser)!

 - D.J. Kayser

Winter Weather Advisory Thru 6pm Sunday; 4" to 7" Possible for Twin Cities

Winter Weather Advisory
Snowy Weekend Ahead. Plowable Across Southern Half of State.
Here's the snowfall potential through PM Monday, which shows the next round of snow pushing in across much of the state through the day Saturday and wrapping up early Sunday. Model runs have been consistently keeping the heaviest across the southern part of the state with a swath of 4" to 8" along the MN/IA border. Light amounts will be found in central and northern Minnesota, but because temperatures will be so cold, the snow will be fluffy and add up across much of the state. 
How Much Snow Will You Have to Shovel
A long duration snow event will be with us this weekend with fluffy snow accumulations across the southern half of the state. Here's the Weather Story from the NWS Twin Cities below:
"A slow moving low pressure system will bring a snowy weekend to much of the region. The snow will spread into western Minnesota this morning, and into eastern Minnesota and western Wisconsin during the afternoon and evening hours. The snow will continue tonight and Sunday and then end from west to east Sunday night. The heaviest snow accumulation is expected across far southern Minnesota/northern Iowa and adjoining areas of Wisconsin."

Snowy Weekend Ahead From Minneapolis to Chicago to Detroit

If you have travel plans this weekend from Minneapolis to Madison, Milwaukee, Chicago or Detroit, be ready for heavy snow and major travel disruptions. The loop below shows the development of the snow across the Midwest and Great Lakes region from Saturday to AM Monday as the storm system pushes east. 

Snowfall Accumulations

The animation below shows the total snowfall accumulations from Saturday to AM Monday across the region. Note that the heaviest snowfall tallies will be from near Sioux Falls, SD to Madison, WI, Milwaukee, WI, Chicago, IL and Detroit, MI. Some spots could see up to 6" to 12" by the end of the weekend.

Minneapolis Snowfall Potential
Take a look at the potential snowfall accumulations for the Twin Cities and surrounding areas through Monday morning. Note that the heaviest will be across southern MN with lighter amounts farther north. However, there is a chance for some 4" to 6" tallies across the Twin Cities. 
Wisconsin Snowfall Potential
Here's the snowfall potential for Wisconsin, which shows the heaviest snowfall across southern Wisconsin. Note that Madison and Milwaukee could see 6" to 8" through the end of weekend. Some spots in extreme southern Wisconsin could see 8" to 12"
Snow for Chicago, IL
Heavy snowfall is also expected for the Chicagoland region where as much as 8" to 12" can't be ruled out by the end of the weekend. This will certainly make for difficult travel conditions around the region, which will likely persist into early next week.

First the Snow and then the MORE Cold!

Take a look at the animation from Saturday, December 10th to Saturday, December 17th below, which shows the continuation of the Arctic air plunging across the Lower 48 over. Our first wave of Arctic air will begin to fade, while a another, even cold air surges south of the international border next week.

 High Temperatures From Average Next Wednesday
Temperatures over the weekend will moderate a little over the course of the weekend, but the secondary surge of Arctic air will provide another blog of exceptionally cold air across the nation. Here's the high temperatures from average on Wednesday of next week. Note that many locations in the Central US will be nearly 10F to 20F below average. 
8 to 14 Day Temperature Outlook
According to NOAA's Climate Prediction Center, the 8 to 14 day temperature outlook suggests that colder than average temperatures will be with much of us in northern tier of the nation and across much of the eastern half of the country. The coldest of which will be found across the Upper Midwest and Great Lakes Region. With that said, look for several bouts of lake effect snow over the next couple weeks. 
Extended Outlook for KINL - KORD - KNYC
Take a look at the extended outlook for International Falls, MN - Chicago, IL - New York, NY - which shows colder temperatures through the rest of the week and weekend ahead. Especially note the forecast into next week for International Falls, MN, where high temperatures could actually be below zero. That secondary surge of Arctic air is also evident in Chicago, IL as temperatures dip even further by midweek next week. Even though the air mass will be modified later next week, you can still see a drop in temps for New York, NY by the end of next week.  
Backwards Trajectory Model
Here's an interesting look at the Extended forecast for Minneapolis and the backwards trajectory of the air mass that will be in place by Wednesday, December 14th in Minnesota. Note that the origins are traced back directly from the Arctic!

Ice Safety
Ice beginning to form on area lakes and ponds, but it is important to remember that the ice is NOT safe yet! We need several more days/weeks of this colder weather before you can even attempt to get out there...
Ice Safety
Remember that no ice is ever 100% safe, but here is the recommended ice thickness as the colder winter weather settles in. Note that to safely walk on ice, you need at least 4" of ice. Small cars and trucks need close to a foot of ice or more before you can even think about going out. 


Will I Get A White Christmas?

Here's a neat website from MetCheck that tells you if you'll get a white Christmas. I typed in Minneapolis and it said there's a 50% chance!

Check it out HERE:

White Christmas Probabilities

Are you wondering what your average probability is of a white Christmas? Here's a look from NOAA. Note that the bright white colors indicate a near 9 out of ever 10 Christmases in white, which means that there is at least 1" of snow on the ground on December 25th. 

See mroe from NOAA HERE:


Weekly Snow Depth Map

Here's the latest weekly snow depth map from the State Climatology Office, which shows that we've had a fairly decent increase in the snowpack across the northern half of the state last week. The heaviest snow sits across the Red River Valley in far northwestern MN and also across the Arrowhead.

"Each Thursday during the cold season, the State Climatology Office produces maps depicting the snow depth across Minnesota. Additionally, maps are created that depict snow depth ranking for the date. The data are provided by volunteers working with DNR Forestry, the National Weather Service, the University of Minnesota, Soil and Water Conservation Districts and CoCoRaHS."


84-Hour Outlook

Here's the national weather outlook through Monday night, which shows the next surge of Pacific moisture sliding into the Central US with heavy snow across the Upper Midwest and the Great Lakes through the weekend. This will be a plowable snow for many before moving into the Northeast with a wintry mix and pockets of heavier rain.

10-Day Snowfall Outlook

Here's the 10 day snowfall potential, which shows heavier snow across the Great Lakes Region and the higher elevations in the Western U.S.. A steady stream of Pacific moisture may translate into heavier snow over the next several days across parts of the northern tier of the nation. Some of these events could produce shovelable/plowable amounts of snow across a wider area that could impact many across the country. Now that colder air is in place across the country, any moisture that moves through will have a better chance of falling in the form of snow.

5 Day Precipitation Outlook

According to NOAA's WPC, the 5 day precipitation outlook suggests heavy precipitation in the Western US, especially along the coast in the higher elevations. Some spots could see as much as 4" to 8" with some 10" liquid tallies through early next week. Much of the precipitation in the Western US will fall in the form of heavy snow in the mountains. Some spots could see 1ft. to 2ft. of snow through the weekend. Also note the heavy moisture around the Great Lakes, which will fall in the form of heavy lake effect snow over the next several days! There will also be some  decent liquid tallies across parts of the Tennessee Valley and into Kentucky, which will further help the drought.


Shovelable snow develops. Deep freeze next week.

I have to admit, I've been chomping at the bit for a little snow. There's just something about a fresh coating and holiday lights that makes the season brighter.

No question, it has been a slow start to winter here in the Twin Cities. As of yesterday, MSP has only seen 4.7 inches of snow, which is nearly 8.5 inches below average. Note that we were nearly 7 inches below average during the month of November and already about 1 inch below average for the month of December.

Snow lovers will enjoy the weekend forecast as shovelable snow passes through the southern half of the state. While the Twin Cities metro looks to get missed by the heaviest stuff, 4 to 8 inches could fall along the Minnesota/Iowa border by Sunday. 6 to 12 inches of snow could fall in Milwaukee and Chicago as the system slides east through the rest of the weekend.

Arctic air will then plunge into the region with daytime highs in the single digits and overnight lows below zero for much of next week.

Grab your shovels and long johns. Winter is finally here!

Extended Weather Outlook

SATURDAY: Clouds increase, snow develops later. Light coating possible by evening. Winds: E 5-10. High: 16.

SATURDAY NIGHT: Snow. 2" to 4" possible across the metro, heavier in southern MN. Winds: E 5-10. Low: Rising to 16 by morning.

SUNDAY: Light snow lingers. An additional 1" - 2" possible early. Winds: NNE 5-10. High: 20.

MONDAY: Arctic front arrives. A few PM flurries. Winds: WNW 5-15. Wake-up: 13. High: 18.

TUESDAY: Bitter sunshine. Icy winds. Winds: WSW 10-15. Wake-up: 3. High: 7.

WEDNESDAY: Partly cloudy. Very cold. Winds: WNW 5-15. Wake-up: -4. High: 6.

THURSDAY: Face-numbing wind chills. Winds: W 5-15. Wake-up: -5. High: 7.

FRIDAY: Deep freeze continues. Winds: NW 5-10. Wake-up: -3. High: 8.

This Day in Weather History
December 10th:

1992: By this time there is partial ice cover in the Duluth harbor.

1979: A 'heat wave' develops across Minnesota. Highs of 54 at Twin Cities and 57 at Winona are recorded.

1978: Alexandria ends its fourteen day stretch of low temperatures at or below zero degrees Fahrenheit.

1889: A late season thunderstorm is observed at Maple Plain.


Average High/Low for Minneapolis
December 10th

Average High: 29F (Record: 54F set in 1979)
Average Low: 14F (Record: -18F set in 1977)

Record Snowfall: 1.8" set in 2013

Sunrise/Sunset Times for Minneapolis
December 10th

Sunrise: 7:39am
Sunset: 4:32pm

*Daylight Lost Since Yesterday: ~57sec
*Daylight Lost Since Summer Solstice: ~6hours and 42mins

Moon Phase for December 10th at Midnight
2.7 Days Until Full (Cold) Moon


Rainfall Past 14 Days

Take a look at the precipitation over the last 14 days. Note the heaviest swath from parts of eastern Texas through the Gulf Coast States and Tennessee Valley. Some spots have seen nearly 6" to 10"+ over that time period, which is wonderful news conditions these are some of the areas under the worst drought. 

US Drought Monitor

According to the US Drought Monitor, there has been a decent improvement in the national drought. The biggest change comes in the extreme category that went from 8.66% national down to 5.3% nationally. Much of this improvement was seen in the Southeast.


Precipitation Needed to End Drought in the Southeast

Even after all the rain we've seen in the Southeast, we still need several more inches of rainfall to end the drought there. Some spots still need another 6" to 10"+.


"The Snow Guardian" 

This is a neat story... A weather observer is Gothic, Colorado collected weather data for 40 years and researchers stumbled upon his data to find evidence of climate change. Here's an excerpt from SLATE:

"Billy Barr observed the snow in a Colorado town for 40 years to pass the time. Then researchers stumbled on his data. Scientists love him. Every day for 40 years, Billy Barr has collected data about snow in the town of Gothic, Colorado, where he lives. He does it just to pass the time, but his data has been invaluable to climate scientists. Researchers at the Gothic-based Rocky Mountain Biological Lab stumbled upon Barr’s data and used it to find clear evidence of climate change. In a typical winter, it’s normal to have four or five record-high temperatures. Last year, Barr recorded 36."

See the full story and short video from Slate HERE:

(Image credit: Slate)


Warmest Autumn (Sept. - Nov.) on Record for Contiguous U.S.

According to NOAA, if you lived in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Michigan, Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico or Texas, you just lived through the WARMEST autumn (September - November) on record! As a whole, the contiguous U.S. also had its warmest autumn on record as the average temperature ran nearly 4F above average!

See more from NOAA's State of the Climate HERE:


U.S. Had Its 2nd Highest Number of November Wildfires in 2016

According to NOAA, there were nearly 8,560 wildfires across the Lower 48 during the month of November, which becomes the 2nd highest number of wildfires during the November.

"Wildfires: In November, 8,560 wildfires raged across the Continental U.S. and burned more than 275,000 acres, most notably in the Southeast."

See more from NOAA HERE:


"Significant Climate Anomalies & Events for November and Autumn 2016"

Here are some of the most noteworthy climate events that happened during November and Autumn of 2016. Note that much of these climate events included either warmer than average temperatures or drought/wildfire concerns.

-Drought: The area of extreme to exceptional drought in the Lower 48 increased from 4.9% to 8.7%; in -the Southeast it nearly doubled from 19.7% to 36.2%.

-Wildfires: In November, 8,560 wildfires raged across the Continental U.S. and burned more than 275,000 acres, most notably in the Southeast.

-North Dakota experienced temperatures 12.8 degrees F above average, nearly 2 degrees above the previous record set in 1999.

-Alaska experienced its warmest year to date on record, a full 6 degrees F above average.
Pacific Northwest experienced above-normal precipitation during autumn along the coast. Washington state was record wet. 

See more from NOAA HERE:



"Cassini Beams Back First Images from New Orbit"

Unreal! Cassini, a satellite that was launched in 1997 to explore Saturn, is sending back new images and they are pretty amazing! Here's an excerpt from NASA:

"NASA's Cassini spacecraft has sent to Earth its first views of Saturn’s atmosphere since beginning the latest phase of its mission. The new images show scenes from high above Saturn's northern hemisphere, including the planet's intriguing hexagon-shaped jet stream. Cassini began its new mission phase, called its Ring-Grazing Orbits, on Nov. 30. Each of these weeklong orbits -- 20 in all -- carries the spacecraft high above Saturn's northern hemisphere before sending it skimming past the outer edges of the planet's main rings."

See more from NASA HERE:


"NASA Made a Really Dumb Mistake on an ISS Power Supply"

"The INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION is currently home to six intrepid astronauts, one Robonaut, and four 14,000-pound payload-holders called ExPRESS Logistics Carriers. Experiments from Earth like the laser-communicator OPALS fly up to Station and Lego-attach to these carriers, which provide them with a place to stay and, just as importantly, the electrical power and data links they need to do their jobs. But since 2013, scientists sending up payloads have had trouble with the on-orbit utility grid."

See more from WIRED HERE:

(Image Credit: NOAA)


Thanks for checking in and don't forget to follow me on Twitter @TNelsonWX