Across Minnesota, county veterans services officials have struggled with getting visitors.
John Kriesel, director of veterans services in Anoka County and an Iraq war veteran, is among those trying to get younger vets to use service offices in counties across Minnesota. Many county veterans services offices include vets who have had experiences like those of military members arriving back home.
Minnesota veterans who were deployed in Iraq or Afghanistan have returned to their families, friends, jobs or school. But rarely do they visit county veterans services offices — not even those vets with post-traumatic stress disorder.
County officials have tried to lure young veterans into these service offices through billboard and newspaper advertisements, brochures and word-of-mouth — usually with little success. In Fillmore County, center director Jason Marquardt alerted young vets to his office while telling them about a new veterans cemetery under construction in southeastern Minnesota — anything to get their attention.
Pride, resistance to government programs and a preference to use the Internet are among the reasons some avoid the services offices, officials say. And there is the simple matter of age.
“Let’s say you’ve just been deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan,” said Milt Schoen, Hennepin County veterans services officer. “You are invincible. You’re always going to be strong. You don’t need to go to an office where somebody can tell you about benefits if you have PTSD.”
The centers provide an array of services, from helping vets complete forms for government-paid medical assistance to providing financial and mortgage advice to directing people to resources on health and other issues. And while younger veterans’ absence is more noticeable, it’s not only they who have eschewed the offices.
“The older veterans don’t want to come in because they think they’re taking away something from younger veterans,” Marquardt said. “The Vietnam, Korea or World War II guys either don’t want anything to do with government or don’t want to take anything.”
In John Kriesel, Anoka County has a veterans services director who is a high-profile war hero, radio personality and former legislator. He says he has asked Veterans Affairs personnel to remind patients of the county services centers and has left brochures at the VA clinic in Ramsey.
Yet, Anoka County saw the number of visits to its center fall from 7,121 in 2012 to 6,337 last year. Sherburne and Olmsted counties report similar drops — from 3,742 visits in 2012 to 3,395 last year in Sherburne’s case, and from 2,704 to 2,372 in Olmsted.
Not all counties have seen declines. In Hennepin, the number of claims filed by veterans through the services center has risen 50 percent since 2008. The number did fall from 2012 to 2013, from 1,994 to 1,883, possibly because of a diminished staff, Schoen said.
Other counties have noted sizable differences in visits by older veterans and those who served more recently.
Stearns County, for example, has a VA Medical Center in St. Cloud to alert vets to the county services center; it also serves veterans going to school at St. Cloud State University. Yet, last quarter, the county served 625 Vietnam veterans but only 397 Iraq war vets.
Terry Ferdinandt, the county’s veterans services officer, said he thinks younger vets’ tendency not to use the centers isn’t a new phenomenon. “The Vietnam veterans did the same thing. I’m sure a 20-year-old coming home in 1945 was the same way,” he said.
Gene Graff, Sherburne County veterans services officer, agrees. “It’s kind of true of a veteran returning from any war,” he said. “People just want to get back to their lives.”
Recently returned veterans are more likely to go online to have questions answered, said Maria Wetherall, director of Ramsey County’s veterans services office. She said the office now has a Facebook page and will reach out to young veterans via Twitter.
Older veterans sometimes discover the offices by word-of-mouth. Ron Williams, 55, of Farmington, served in the Navy from 1977 to 1999. He said finding the Dakota County Veterans Services Office was “extremely fortunate.”
“I went to dispute a disability award, and the officer served me quite well, answering questions I might not have thought to ask,” Williams said Thursday. “I felt so fortunate to have found the right people.”
But Mike Clark, 67, of Anoka, may be more typical. Clark, who served in the Army in the late 1950s and now is in Anoka County’s honor guard, said he hasn’t gone to a veterans services office in 10 or 15 years.