The foot dragging by American railroads to install positive train control (PTC) is inexcusable ("Deadline for rail safety gear slips" Feb. 8). Three fatal Amtrak crashes in two months is totally unacceptable. Congressional Republicans were on the train that crashed in Virginia, and Minnesota U.S. Rep. Jason Lewis was injured as they headed to a Republican retreat in West Virginia.

My wife and I have ridden Amtrak trains often. In the past when business required traveling between Washington, D.C., and New York City, Amtrak Metroliners were my preferred transportation. That heavily traveled Amtrak northeast corridor is probably the best-maintained and most heavily traveled route in the system. Famously, former Vice President Joe Biden rode Amtrak regularly to commute between home and work.

Now we learn that Amtrak is among the railroads expecting to have the vital PTC safety feature fully implemented by the latest Dec. 31, 2018, deadline. Unfortunately, that means only 730 miles of track actually owned by Amtrak will be protected. Fully 97 percent of Amtrak routes are traveled on tracks owned and maintained by other railroads, so it's difficult to know how many actual Amtrak route miles will have PTC in the near-term.

The fact is that America is like a Third World country when it comes to long-distance passenger trains. Along with many other travelers, we've experienced the comfort, convenience and dependability of railroads in France, Germany and England. It's sad that our government has let our once-great American passenger rail system deteriorate so badly. Passenger trains that should be running on dedicated, safe, high-speed tracks between major cities are forced to share tracks with slow, heavy freight trains.

On a personal note, this summer we'll have two European relatives visit America for the first time. Part of their itinerary lends itself to riding Amtrak's Lake Shore Limited from Minneapolis to New York City with a stop to see Niagara Falls. Given Amtrak's recent fatal accidents, we're having second thoughts about our recommendation. If they do ride Amtrak, a trip we've enjoyed, they'll understand why rebuilding America's infrastructure, including railroads, is so important!

Bill Steinbicker, Minnetonka


Why the insurance companies aren't necessarily boogeymen

In the commentary "Plan by 3 corporate giants is cause for encouragement," David Feinwachs places insurers in their familiar role as boogeymen in the health care value chain (Opinion Exchange, Feb. 6). Before I get my torches and pitchforks, I would like him to fill in some of the gaps in his argument. His dismissal of the industry as greedy, useless middlemen focuses on two areas: risk pooling and plan administration. He first dismisses the value of risk pooling as redundant, but that is only true for large organizations with enough employees to form their own pools. He does not address how many employees a company would have to have to form a viable risk pool. But it stands to reason that self-insurance is not feasible for individuals or small- to moderate-sized businesses.

He goes on to claim that companies that do self-insure somehow miss the boat by hiring insurers to handle the administrative side. He claims there are great potential cost savings achievable through contracting directly with providers, whose true costs are hidden by insurers. Maybe so, but imagining the redundant efforts of each company having to contract with each provider in every location they have employees to insure, achieving cost savings net of the administrative cost seems dubious. It seems likely that the only way that insurers themselves can make the administrative side pay is that they can reuse their provider cost information for multiple customers.

As someone who pays a substantial premium for my high-deductible individual insurance plan, I wish that Feinwachs' simple solution to cut out the middleman was the answer. But as the Star Tribune also reports in "Bold plan for health care may hit bumps" (Business, Feb. 6), that solution has been attempted before and failed. I hope I'm wrong, but it seems likely that if the effort of Amazon, Berkshire Hathaway and JPMorgan Chase comes to anything, it will be a health care model suitable for their organizations, but out of reach of the average company or individual.

Regina Anctil, Minneapolis


Something's off with the science on wolf, walleye populations

L. David Mech, wolf researcher and advocate of the sustainable harvesting of same, has come up with yet another study that wolf hunters will endeavor to justify to "save" Minnesota's moose population ("Studying wolf, moose numbers," Outdoors, Feb. 4). Extrapolating data collected from a very small study area where one group of wolves does not have a resident population of deer in winter as a primary food source is not sound science. Wildlife management to maximize biodiversity and ecosystem health must be based on biology and bioethics rather than on selecting certain species for protection, such as the moose, or for proliferation and harvesting, notably whitetail deer for the near quarter-million human predators who compete with wolves and other natural predators.

Michael W. Fox, Golden Valley

The writer is a veterinarian and author of "The Soul of the Wolf."

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The explanations of the findings of the "independent" review of Lake Mille Lacs walleye management, as given by the chief reviewer, quite clearly demonstrate the flaws in the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources' approach to Mille Lacs management, even as the reviewer tried to deny there are flaws ("DNR's Mille Lacs policy hailed," Outdoors, Feb. 7). For each example of how the DNR does things differently in assessing the walleye population on Mille Lacs than is done on other major walleye lakes, the "independent" reviewer uses the excuse that this is how it has always been done on Mille Lacs, so it must not be changed or historical comparisons could be compromised. So even though using nets more visible to walleyes under water, using nets that don't capture large walleyes, and netting in areas of the lake that walleyes don't inhabit as much anymore due to increased water clarity and other factors probably don't give an accurate reflection of the true walleye population in Mille Lacs, the DNR should keep doing things this way because that is how they have always done it? The status quo is more important than accuracy? Wow — deep, scientific thought going on there.

Troy Smutka, Chaska


Duluth schools making a big mistake shelving two classics

Re: "Duluth schools remove 'Huckleberry Finn' and 'To Kill a Mockingbird' from curriculum" (, Feb. 8). Great! Why don't we just erase all American history, cancel the great books, so no one is offended? How else do we learn and not make the same mistakes again unless we know the mistakes made? Ridiculous!

Susan Keyton, Blue Springs, Mo.