World grapples with Sharon's mixed legacy

  • Article by: RINA CASTELNUOVO and JODI RUDOREN , New York Times
  • Updated: January 11, 2014 - 11:25 PM

For better or worse, his life was enmeshed with nation.

FILE - In this Sunday May 16, 2004 file photo, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon pauses during a news conference in his Jerusalem office regarding education reform. Israeli media outlets are reporting that Sharon has died Saturday, Jan. 11, 2014 at the age of 85. (AP Photo/Oded Balilty, File) ORG XMIT: MIN2014011113011040

 

– When the Mark family heard the news about the death of Ariel Sharon on the radio Saturday afternoon, they immediately turned their car around and headed to his sprawling sheep farm here in the Negev desert, where he is expected to be buried on a hill next to his wife, Lily.

“I want our kids to remember this moment,” said Sharon Mark, 35, a mother of two from the southern Israeli city of Ashdod, “when the last of the giants and fighters died.”

Mark was one of dozens of Israelis who flocked to the ranch in the hours after the former prime minister died at 85, as the nation — and the world — grappled with the mixed legacy of one of Israel’s most influential leaders. It was a mourning long in the making: Sharon had been in a state of minimal consciousness since a stroke felled him eight years ago, and on Jan. 1 his organs began to fail.

On Saturday, statements poured in from Israeli politicians, foreign diplomats, American Jewish leaders, Palestinian opponents and critical human rights groups. The admirers, almost as a mantra, described him as a “brave soldier and military commander”; detractors accused him of long-ago war crimes. Many noted that his life and career had paralleled and been enmeshed with the development of his country, for better or worse.

Dov Weissglas, his former lawyer and close adviser, said, “Today is the end of an era, the era of the first, the era of the giants, the era of the generation of leaders who fought in the war of independence.”

Tzipi Livni, Israel’s justice minister and a Sharon protégé, described him as “a farmer, a fighter and a prime minister who became a father of a nation.”

While Israeli politicians of all stripes found something to praise Sharon for, Palestinians and others were blunt in their criticism. Hamas, the militant Islamic faction that leads the Gaza Strip, called the death “a sign of God’s punishment and a lesson to all tyrants.” Mustafa Barghouti, a member of the Palestine Liberation Organization’s central council, told the BBC that Sharon had left “no good memories with Palestinians.”

Politicians and others in Lebanon remembered Sharon as a scourge to their country, responsible for the 1982 massacre in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps in Lebanon, and said his death should be marked with thoughts of his victims.

“There is now less evil in this world,” said Lebanon’s social affairs minister, Wael Abu Faour, according to the Daily Star.

But most focused on the last chapter of Sharon’s active life, when he evacuated Israel’s settlements in Gaza and a small portion of the West Bank; started building a separation barrier that both helped block terrorist attacks and hinted at a future division of the land between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea; and appeared to be preparing for the possibility of a Palestinian state.

Rabbi Rick Jacobs, president of the New York-based Union for Reform Judaism, said the decisions Sharon made in Lebanon “were terribly misguided,” but he praised his turnaround from being a proponent of Jewish settlement in occupied Palestinian territories to being the architect of the Gaza withdrawal. Jacobs offered a quotation from Sharon himself: “We are required to take difficult and controversial steps, but we must not miss the opportunity to try to achieve what we have wished for, for so many years: security, tranquillity and peace.”

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