Coon Rapids among cities brainstorming to stay relevant.
Coon Rapids came of age when the suburbs were chic. Built out in the 1960s, ’70s and ’80s, the Anoka County city of 61,000 was designed with the auto and other suburban ideals in mind, including space and privacy. Young families lapped it up.
Today, a new generation is less sold on the suburbs, development experts say. Many young Americans put more value in walkability, easy access to stores, restaurants, mass transit and other urban amenities.
That changing marketplace is forcing Coon Rapids, a city with 341 cul-de-sacs and an aging housing stock heavy on split-levels and ramblers, to reinvent itself. It is just one of dozens of Twin Cities suburbs, shiny and new in the ’70s and ’80s, that are now plotting, planning and redeveloping for future generations.
“The younger generations are looking for a different kind of lifestyle. They are not as enamored with the car,” said Caren Dewar, executive director of the nonprofit Urban Land Institute Minnesota. “The marketplace is definitely responding to that. In order for suburban communities to stay competitive, they will have to respond to that, too.”
It isn’t a quick change, and it isn’t cheap.
Coon Rapids has a three-front approach to revitalization:
• Spur business and home redevelopment along Coon Rapids Boulevard, a main thoroughfare. The city has spent $20 million on land purchases, demolition, cleanup and relocating some businesses during the past 15 years, city officials said.
• Pour $100,000 into a home-remodeling program and offer money to homeowners investing in large-scale renovations.
• Spend $17.4 million on a parks face-lift, with one-third of the money going to trails to improve connectivity.
‘The New Normal’
Coon Rapids has invested heavily in redevelopment — using controversial eminent domain powers in the past to acquire some land — but leaders say it will pay off and keep the city competitive, especially with neighboring suburbs that are courting businesses and residents with undeveloped land. Over the years, especially during the recession, some residents questioned the expense.
“Long-term, we think it’s important for us to invest in the city’s future,” said Mayor Tim Howe. “We’ve gotten to that point of near full development. We’ve turned our focus on what we can do to improve our city.”
Suburban leaders across the Twin Cities are rethinking their futures and finding creative ways to meet changing demands. The Urban Land Institute has met with leaders from two dozen cities to talk about “Navigating the New Normal” — how to redevelop under post-Great Recession economic realities.
“I do think Coon Rapids is very conscious of the need to look at the future vision of the community and are making some efforts to be proactive in that,” said Cathy Capone Bennett, of the Urban Land Institute’s housing initiative. “The biggest challenge for residents and for policy leaders to understand is that it take years to make those transformational changes. Redevelopment is not a quick fix.”
Development along ‘ports’
A generation ago, Coon Rapids Boulevard was the pulse of the city’s business district. It was Hwy. 10 through the city and where people shopped. Then the highway was redirected in the 1970s, and Coon Rapids Boulevard languished. Target and other retailers moved out to a new shopping hub, Riverdale.
In 2000, the city first laid out a long-term plan to rebuild along parts of the boulevard, buying land, razing older buildings, cleaning up contamination and wooing developers. The blueprint, updated in 2010, emphasizes building on businesses and institutions anchoring the boulevard, including Mercy Hospital and Anoka-Ramsey Community College.
Coon Rapids has focused on four “port” areas: Port Wellness around Mercy, where a new medical office building is nearing completion; Port Campus Square around Anoka-Ramsey; Port Riverwalk, near the entrance to Coon Rapids Dam, and Port Evergreen, on the border with Blaine near a park-and-ride, which city officials hope will one day be a second Coon Rapids stop on the Northstar commuter rail line and a proposed passenger rail line to Duluth. In the Campus Square and Riverwalk areas, the city has prepared 25 and 32 acres, respectively, for development.