Amid tougher competition, can Whole Foods maintain its pace?

  • Article by: BRIAN GAAR , Austin American-Statesman
  • Updated: December 13, 2013 - 8:32 PM

The company is expanding in the Twin Cities and across the country, but rivals are crowding its space in the grocery market.


Whole Foods Markets, headquartered in Austin, Texas, plans to add more than 30 stores by next October. But even as it expands, it faces tougher competition.

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– There’s no doubt about it — Whole Foods Markets Inc. is growing faster than ever.

But while the Austin-based natural foods grocer is stepping on the gas, the company also faces more competition than ever — both from rival natural foods chains and traditional super­markets that are increasingly stocking similar products.

Company officials say they aren’t afraid of competition, though, and analysts say Whole Foods remains the biggest player in the natural and organic food market.

This fiscal year, which began in late September, promises to be the biggest ever for Whole Foods, growth-wise. The company currently operates nearly 370 stores and officials plan to open up another 33 to 38 stores in the current fiscal year. In the Twin Cities, the company now has six locations, including stores that opened this year in downtown Minneapolis and Maple Grove.

Jim Sud, Whole Foods’ executive vice president for growth and business development, said the number of new stores would be a record for the company.

One of the reasons for the growth — aside from improving economic conditions — is that the company learned it can successfully operate stores in smaller markets. Through its acquisition of Wild Oats, the company acquired stores in locations like Tulsa, Okla., and Park City, Utah — locations “which were never really on our target list,” Sud said.

Those successes, combined with the rising cultural awareness of healthy eating, gave the company confidence that it could look into smaller markets, he said.

“As the company has grown over the years, our brand has strengthened and I think that’s the result of people having more exposure to Whole Foods and certainly the growth and awareness in natural and organics and healthy lifestyles,” he said.

“We’re seeing our stores in new markets open at higher [sales] volumes than historically. So we think we’ve got a really good runway for growth.”

1,000 stores? Maybe more

Company officials have said Whole Foods could reasonably reach 1,000 stores, but Sud said they now think that’s a conservative estimate.

“We need to grow at a pace that does not outstrip our ability to effectively operate the stores and at a pace that doesn’t have a negative impact on our culture,” he said. “Because our team members are absolutely the key to our successes.”

But even as Whole Foods grows, the company faces challenges and a recent slowing of sales that spooked Wall Street.

Whole Foods is grappling with rising competition from such specialty grocers as Sprouts Farmers Market as well as mainstream chains such as Kroger Co. that have added upscale provisions to their shelves.

Whole Foods last month cut its fiscal 2014 profit and revenue forecasts amid slowing sales growth. Sales at stores open at least a year rose 5.9 percent in the company’s 2013 fiscal fourth quarter, which ended Sept. 29, the slowest pace in 15 quarters.

“We are not immune to the larger macro environment,” co-CEO John Mackey said at the time. “Discretionary spending has been impacted as consumer confidence has dropped to a six-month low.”

In response, the stock was downgraded by investment firm Goldman Sachs.

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