What Obama proposes: A new $30 billion fund to stimulate small-business lending through community banks.

How the program would work: The federal government would make low-interest loans to banks with assets of less than $10 billion, which do more than half of all small-business lending.

Where the money would come from: The $30 billion in loan financing would come from federal bailout money already repaid by the big banks.

What's next: The new fund must be approved by Congress. The Obama administration says it has already had preliminary discussions with lawmakers.