For Black professionals who get job offers on Wall Street, there's pay and benefits to consider. But also isolation, bias and racism.

As big U.S. banks and asset managers vow at long last to address the industry's dearth of Black executives, those who have been around a while warn that progress will require more than the usual hiring spree. Offices remain alienating and even inhospitable. Most organizations lack mentors who can help guide the way up the org chart.

Recruiters say top Black candidates have learned to be skeptical.

"Folks are looking for welcome signs," said Anthony Wright, founder of Diversity Recruiters, a Seattle-based executive search firm that helps clients including banks with inclusive hiring. "And when you're a minority, the sign doesn't say 'Welcome,' the sign says 'Is there anybody there that looks like me?' "

The national debate over racial injustice that erupted in May in the wake of George Floyd's death in Minneapolis is casting a harsh light on financial firms, not only for their role in creating economic inequity but also their slow cultivation of diversity within their own massive workforces. Over the past 15 years, Black people have seen their presence in the industry stall at a mere 8% — a figure that typically dwindles heading up the leadership ranks.

Increasingly, bank executives are getting warned that bonuses will reflect their progress in fixing those problems. Last month, Wells Fargo & Co. became the latest to adopt such a policy.

Firms are trying to overcome something of a Catch-22: The industry lacks the critical mass of senior Black executives that could pave the way for retaining and cultivating more Black executives. Past attempts to break the cycle fell short.

"In many ways, bringing people in is the easy part," Citigroup Inc. chief executive Michael Corbat told a virtual conference last week. The real challenge to improving representation on staff is retention and managing careers, he said. Jay Freeman, an investment banker-turned-consultant who's worked on corporate turnarounds and restructurings, looks at diversity in senior management before attending job interviews.

"At some point, you gravitate toward someone who has some tie of shared experience," said Freeman, who's Black. "You want to be able to find people who will be an ally, or an advocate or a mentor — those are all things that are part of the calculation."

One former executive at a global accounting firm said he doesn't bother to look for minority representation in the industry because it's practically nonexistent. Instead, he taps whisper networks, or anonymous forums like Fishbowl and Glassdoor, to ensure he's being compensated adequately and to get a sense of the company's culture.

Others are even more pessimistic about Wall Street's pledge to change. Several current and former Black employees in finance likened it to a hostile environment, in which biases and racism are openly expressed. The people asked not to be named out of concern that speaking out would jeopardize career prospects.

Those frustrations are often driven home by annual compensation packages, they said. Even if the employees' performance was measured in quantitative terms and deemed exemplary, their later conversations with white peers revealed they were still paid less.

In a twist, a growing number of banks are ratcheting up pressure on executives to improve diversity, or their pay will take a hit.

In mid-June, Wells Fargo told staff it will grade members of its elite operating committee annually on their progress, with "a direct impact on year-end compensation decisions." Goldman Sachs Group Inc. announced a similar policy last year. Bank of America Corp. also considers executives' support of diversity in annual evaluations.