Armed rebels said to control some oil fields in South Sudan; ethnic violence said to spread

  • Article by: CHARLTON DOKI , Associated Press
  • Updated: December 20, 2013 - 11:14 PM
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In this photo released by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), the remains of two Indian U.N. peacekeepers who were killed Thursday arrive back at the airport in Juba, South Sudan Friday, Dec. 20, 2013. The U.N. peacekeeping mission in South Sudan says two Indian peacekeepers were killed at their base when armed youths breached the U.N. compound in Akobo, Jonglei state, and called "on all parties to the crisis to refrain from further violence and seek a peaceful resolution".

Photo: Rolla Hinedi, Associated Press - Ap

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JUBA, South Sudan — Armed rebels were said to be in control of some of South Sudan's oil fields Friday, raising questions of how long the country's oil will flow and whether Sudan could enter the conflict which showed no signs of ending.

President Salva Kiir implored his country to turn away from ethnic violence and met Friday with foreign ministers from neighboring states, including Kenya and Ethiopia, who flew into Juba, the capital, to help calm tensions after a week of ethnic strife that is estimated to have killed hundreds.

Kiir did not speak publicly, but the government's Twitter feed attributed this quote to him: "Those who may want to take the law into their hands, the long arm of the government will get them."

On Friday evening, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry announced Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan, Ambassador Donald Booth would be traveling to the region immediately.

"Now is the time for South Sudan's leaders to rein in armed groups under their control, immediately cease attacks on civilians, and end the chain of retributive violence between different ethnic and political groups," Kerry said in a statement.

The U.N. Security Council expressed "grave alarm" at the rapidly deteriorating security crisis, condemned targeted ethnic violence and demanded an end to the fighting.

The U.N.'s most powerful body urged the president and ousted vice president Riek Machar "to demonstrate leadership in bringing a swift and peaceful resolution to this crisis."

France's U.N. Ambassador, Gerard Araud, the current council president, told reporters that Kiir and the widow of South Sudan's rebel hero John Garang, who led the country's fight for independence, have agreed to enter an unconditional dialogue.

There was no word yet from Machar, who is believed to be in hiding.

Kiir, an ethnic Dinka, earlier this week said an attempted coup had triggered the violence, and the blame was placed on Machar, an ethnic Nuer. But officials have since said a fight between Dinka and Nuer members of the presidential guard triggered the fighting Sunday night that has since spread across the country. Machar's ouster from the country's No. 2 political position earlier this year had stoked ethnic tensions.

The Security Council said the violence resulted from a "political dispute among the country's political leaders" that could affect not only South Sudan, but neighboring countries and the entire region.

"The political crisis could lead to a general and political civil war if we do not solve it very quickly through dialogue," Araud warned.

Fighting continued to spread on Friday in Jonglei and Unity state, an oil area, as armed groups opposed to the nation's military emerged, said a South Sudan expert communicating with combatants and U.N. officials in strife-torn regions outside the capital.

"We've seen the conflict expand quite rapidly and quite dramatically in recent days. We've seen the emergence of different armed groups under different commands, and we've seen the former vice president say he's not interested in talks that don't end in Salva Kiir stepping down," said Casie Copeland, South Sudan analyst for the International Crisis Group. She added that the arrival of regional foreign ministers in Juba "is genuinely a good thing."

The U.N. peacekeeping mission strongly condemned the unprovoked attack on a U.N. base in Akobo in Jonglei state, near the Ethiopian border, on Thursday that killed two Indian peacekeepers, injured a third, and also killed at least 11 civilians who sought refuge there.

The mission said an estimated 2,000 armed youths, believed to be Nuer, surrounded the base and opened fire in the direction of Dinkas who earlier had sought refuge inside the compound. While trying to open negotiations with the assailants, peacekeepers inside the compound came under sustained attack, it said.

South Sudan's government admitted hursday that the central government had lost control of Bor, the capital of Jonglei which is the country's largest and most populous state.

Araud said Friday that 14,000 civilians have taken refuge in a U.N. camp in Bor, protected by a company of Indian peacekeepers.

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