Major League Baseball enters instant replay age

  • Article by: PHIL MILLER , Star Tribune
  • Updated: March 30, 2014 - 12:41 AM

Major League Baseball enters a new age this season — finally, some might say — with the expanded use of instant replay.

Sean Harlin has lived a nice, serene existence for nearly a decade now, a comfy chair in a dark room with a ballgame on the TV in front of him. His job has been sort of quasi-librarian, cataloguing every pitch, every swing, every inning of every Twins game since 2006, so ballplayers can diagnose their own deficiencies or scout the other team’s tendencies. Watch the game, log it all, move on to the next one, all in relative anonymity.

All that changes for Harlin on Monday. Big-league pressure arrives on Opening Day.

“I already told Sean, he’s going to be the first person I bury if something goes wrong,” Twins manager Ron Gardenhire said, presumably in jest. Presumably. “I told him [he’s going] right under the bus.”

More like, right under the TV truck. After decades of defending umpires and their inevitable mistakes as part of the game’s “human element,” and 28 years after the NFL introduced video replay in 1986, America’s oldest professional sport finally has embraced 21st century technology and spent millions installing it in all 30 ballparks. Beginning this season, umpires’ calls will be subject to review by their peers, using high-definition digital replays to uphold or overturn controversial decisions.

And while the new replay-challenge system might put the focus on managers and umpires, one group appealing the other’s mistakes to a higher court in New York, the real pressure will be on guys like Sean Harlin.

“Get it right, get it fast, get it to the manager,” said Harlin, the team’s director of major league video. “They’ve put a lot of trust in me, so I’m excited about the challenge.”

Baseball tested the new rules during spring training games, albeit with inferior equipment and no central command center to review video replays — nothing like the systems MLB installed in each ballpark, at a reported $10 million price tag. The practice helped players, managers and fans become familiar with the basic procedures:

• Each manager may challenge one call per game, and if a call is overruled, he may challenge a second. But that’s the limit. From the seventh inning on, umpires may initiate a review of their own, if a team has used its allotment of challenges.

• Decisions will be handed down by an umpire monitoring the game from MLB’s new video command center in New York, a dark, windowless room full of high-tech monitors (MLB won’t reveal its cost) that looks like a NORAD bunker for directing U.S. air defense. On-field umpires will rotate through the season to replay judges, with every camera angle available to him for multiple slow-motion viewing, if necessary. The umpire will communicate his decision — video confirmed the call was correct, proved conclusively that it was wrong, or was inconclusive, so the call stands — to the crew chief via a headset near home plate, a process that baseball hopes takes only 60 to 90 seconds.

• Managers must let the umpire know in a timely manner that he is challenging a call, as quickly as 30 seconds after the play if it’s inning-ending.

And that last bit is where Harlin comes in. Managers might feel that an umpire’s call is wrong, but “we’re a long way from the play, and it’s not always a great view,” Gardenhire said. To help managers decide whether to challenge a call, each team is allowed to have one person watch the game on video and communicate with the dugout. Coaches and players are eligible, but the Twins, like most teams, chose the person most experienced at examining video.

The clock is ticking

That experience is going to be critical, because Harlin will have even less time to determine whether there is evidence of a missed call than the umpires making the ultimate decision. The replays might include super-slo-mo, but his decision will have to be 100-gigabyte fast.

“I’m sure the technology is cutting-edge, but it still comes down to my judgment, and seeing what you have to in a hurry,” Harlin said. “It’s one thing to look at it over and over and say, ‘OK, I’m sure he was out.’ But if it takes you two or three minutes, that’s not helpful.”

To buy time, Gardenhire expects he will emerge from the dugout and walk over to the umpire — “I’m used to running out there with a red face, so it’s going to be different,” he joked — and essentially stall, maybe ask the umpire what he saw, until Harlin relays word to coach Paul Molitor on the bench whether there is sufficient evidence to overturn the call, which Molitor will signal to the manager.

(Harlin might not be the only one with the ability to decide whether a challenge is warranted. In another policy change that’s certain to be popular, MLB has lifted its ban on showing replays of close or controversial plays on the stadium scoreboard.)

While Gardenhire chats with the umpire, Harlin will operate the controls of the Hawkeye system, a derivative of the super-accurate cameras that professional tennis uses to rule on close calls, which MLB is installing in every home and road clubhouse in the league. He will have access to every camera angle from both teams’ feeds, and can replay each one, whether or not the broadcast uses it.

Trouble is, baseball demonstrated the Hawkeye console, controlled via keyboard and mouse, for video coordinators during spring training, but Harlin won’t operate it himself until Monday.

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  • Chris Marinak sits in front of a bank of television screens during a preview of Major League Baseball's Replay Operations Center, in New York, Wednesday, March 26, 2014. Less than a week before most teams open, MLB is working on the unveiling of its new instant replay system, which it hopes will vastly reduce incorrect calls by umpires. (AP Photo/Richard Drew)

  • Sean Harlin’s job for the Twins just got a little more interesting. He will be the one advising the Twins dugout on when to challenge a call.

  • This is an inside look at MLB’s new video command center in New York, where at each workstation an array of monitors will show a dozen or so camera angles from each major league stadium. It is here that in-room umpires will rule on questionable calls. The hope is the entire process will take 60 to 90 seconds.

  • First base umpire Quinn Wolcott, center, removes his headset after an instant replay review in the second inning of a spring exhibition baseball game between the Quintana Roo Tigres, of Mexico, and the Texas Rangers, Thursday, March 27, 2014, in Arlington, Texas. Wolcott and the rest of the officials ruled a ball did clear the fence to give Rangers' Donnie Murphy a 3-run home run. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez) ORG XMIT: MIN2014032800194963

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