As a young scholar, Elizabeth Warren traveled to federal courthouses, studying families overwhelmed by debt. She brought along a photocopier, gathering reams of statistics as she tried to answer one question: Why were these folks going bankrupt?
William H. Gross, the famed and colorful bond investor who once controlled the world's largest mutual fund, is closing his professional career of more than 40 years and retiring to focus on managing his personal assets and private charitable foundation.
While professional traders on Wall Street scrambled to sell stocks amid a fear-fueled, nearly 20 percent drop for the S&P 500 late last year, most people at home remained relatively calm when it came to their own retirement savings.
When he lost his job running a mutual fund company after stocks tanked in the early 70's, John C. Bogle decided that money managers knew very little about predicting the market — and charged way too much for that lack of knowledge.
U.S. stocks climbed to new highs early, shook off a sudden, steep drop by spring and rode a wave of tax cut-juiced corporate earnings growth to another all-time high by September. Then the jitters set in.