Staff Directory 6370658

Curt Brown

Reporter | Minnesota History
Recent content from Curt Brown
A nun caring for a patient at Our Lady of Good Counsel hospice (now called Our Lady of Peace Home) in St. Paul in the 1940s.

St. Paul hospice has helped the dying for 80 years

Our Lady of Peace will commemorate its anniversary with a candle-lighting ceremony Tuesday.
For years, a namesake debate has simmered in Hugo, a Washington County city of 15,000 people about 18 miles north of St. Paul.

Was Hugo named for a great French writer — or an otherwise forgotten Duluth mayor?

In the research process, a David vs. Goliath clash of Minnesota history buffs emerged — and the underdog won.
Stephen Taylor’s grave in Winona. He is believed to be the only Revolutionary War soldier buried in Minnesota.

A tale of two Minnesota graves that go way, way back

"It is an odd chain of events whereby the War of 1812 would have such a Minnesota connection," Curt Bradford writes.
Two devastating fires Minneapolis firefighter Charlie Birkeli carried an infant to safety from the burning Doctors Memorial Hospital in 1956. Nine yea

Remembering fallen Minneapolis firefighter Charlie Birkeli

The father of three was the first Minneapolis firefighter in 17 years killed in the line of duty when he died in 1965.
Harold Haywood Brown stayed in the Air Force for more than two decades, then earned a Ph.D. and worked in the community college system.

Minneapolis fighter pilot shattered barriers in WWII

At 97, Harold Haywood Brown is one of just a few surviving Tuskegee Airmen.
Edward Yamazaki at his sandwich shop on W. Broadway in Minneapolis in 1941.

Japanese-born vet Edward Yamazaki a rarity at Fort Snelling National Cemetery

Edward Yamazaki owned a north Minneapolis cafe and lived in Linden Hills.
chauncey leverich 1827-1856 The one known shot of the Austin founder,  a “brusque, two-fisted fighting man” who, it turns out, died in a fight.

One of Austin's founders was also its first murder victim

Some say George Hormel put Austin, Minn., on the map when he began processing pork along the Cedar River there in 1891.But more than 30…
To Finland, with love Minnesota Gov. Luther Youngdahl inspected a fawn about to be shipped to Finland in 1948 with Northwest Airlines flight attendant

Finnish white-tailed deer herd started as Minnesota gift

All those Finnish whitetails can trace their roots to that first Minnesota gift in 1934, as well as another six fawns flown over from the Iron Range in 1948.
Lynched in glencoe Dorman Musgrove, left, and Henry Cingmars were hanged by a mob from a Glencoe bridge in 1896 after the first trial in the shooting

Vigilante justice descended on dark night in Glencoe, 1896

The lynchings made the front page of the New York Times. But no one came forward to identify the vigilantes or push for their arrests.
Della Fahley 1922-2013  In her 20s, Della Fahley of Bloomington worked as a State Department clerk in Australia and Egypt. Her adventurous and tenacio

Bloomington woman's letters describe amazing WWII trek

A new book, "Love, Della," has 193 of the letters from Della Fahley.
From left, Gophers Gene Bierhaus, Joe Lauterbach  and Mike Welch.

Gophers reserves saw WWII duty

KARE-TV reporter Danny Spewak's new book "From the Gridiron to the Battlefield" chronicles the 1941 Gophers.
The Anti-Vaccination League rose after a state smallpox outbreak killed 28 people. The virus caused fever and blisters, and sometimes blindness and de

Minneapolis anti-vaxxer's death in 1903 resonates today

The Minneapolis Anti-Vaccination League was formed 120 years ago this month, opposing mandated inoculations for schoolchildren.
robert and esther Ostergren matrimonial mischief-makers Robert Ostergren was disenchanted with his dental studies at the U, but he was enchanted with

Burned-out University of Minnesota dental student filled hole in heart with secret elopement

University of Minnesota dental student Robert Ostergren was so miserable he couldn't sleep. So he wrote another of his countless letters to Esther Eldora Anderson,…
Minnesota Boat Club, circa 1884: The Raspberry Island club was the place to be for rowers and elite society guests as the sport became a national craz

Minnesota Boat Club still rowing after 151 years

The club is celebrating a COVID-delayed 150th anniversary as the state's oldest athletic organization on Sept. 11 with a day of races and events.
November 14, 1982 Former WPA sculptor Evelyn Raymond displayed some of her recent work. Tom Sweeney, Minneapolis Star Tribune

Sculptor climbed from Duluth farm to congressional hall

After her mother died in 1938, Leona Evelyn Raymond carved a remarkable career restart.
History lessons on the characters of the Prohibition era, such as the Twin Cities’ own Isadore “Kid Cann” Blumenfeld, adorn the walls of Nucky�

Two days in court, 25 years apart, frame Minneapolis mobster Kid Cann's career

As he rose from Prohibition-era bootlegger to Minneapolis crime boss, Isadore "Kid Cann" Blumenfeld regularly spun through the revolving doors of justice — and mostly…
Around 1917, Anna Lindquist Knock, front row center, posed with all 10 of her children. Top row, from left, David, Emma, Hannah, Arthur, Mabel and Edw

Émigré overcame heartache with prayer, song

She passed that love of music down to her 10 kids.
Mourners gathered at the grave of Laura Kruse, whose body was found March 20, 1937, in the snow behind a house on 14th Avenue S. in Minneapolis. The 1

Strangled Minneapolis woman's death remains unsolved 84 years later

Laura Kruse's body was found after she took a streetcar home from a party at her beauty school.
Dorsie Willis, center, 87, received a U.S. Army apology and honorable discharge in Minneapolis on Feb. 11, 1973. With him are his wife, Olive, and son

Minneapolis shoeshiner Dorsie Willis waited 66 years for Army apology

His tarnished service record had hurt his hopes for finding a better job.
same husband, years apart Identical twin sisters Lorraine and Florraine Hoffman, back row, left and right, with their family. Gerald Williams married

At 94, retired engineer 'blessed' to have wed identical twins

Gerald Williams recently completed a 10-year project, writing a 241-page memoir for his grandkids. How he ended up marrying twins emerges as the most intriguing subplot.
full of life: Brothers Harlan, left, and Grant Melinsky of Howard Lake, Minn., crossed paths in North Africa during World War II before both suffered

Dog tag found in Italy returned to Minnesota family 77 years after soldier vanished

The hope was that returning Harlan William Melinsky's dog tag to his Minnesota relatives would "give some consolation to the family."
An uninjured Richard Pellow crawled through a side window and waved cheerfully to the crowd after his car rolled, crashed into the inner fence and cau

Towing mogul's rare car collection hits auction block

The auction includes vintage hood ornaments, cash registers, a player piano, tin auto signs and old hubcaps.
In 1929, two Hibbing librarians and three schoolteachers researched and created a map of the Arrowhead region, which was printed off copper plates as

Female mapmakers detailed Minnesota's Arrowhead back in 1929

The colorful, meticulously detailed map is packed with stories of Native American lore, French Canadian explorers and some fun facts and sketches.
Orren ‘Pete’ Young 1868-1933  Above right, Young in 1927. He was the first keeper of the Split Rock Lighthouse, shown again in an undated photo. A

Dark day at Split Rock: Two keepers drowned in 1910

As Split Rock Lighthouse's first head keeper from 1910 to 1928, Orren "Pete" Young cautioned countless sailors from his cliff-top perch overlooking Lake Superior, 50…
Army Air Corps Sgts. Russel Stark, 21, left, and Harvey Stark, 19.

Let's remember the Stark brothers this Memorial Day

The brothers died the same day in 1944 when their B-17 crashed. They were among 9,765 Minnesotans killed in World War II.
The congregation of Brown’s Chapel gathered in front of their church for a photo around 1900. Wrote the Rev. J.C. Anderson, pictured in the top hat:

Revisiting Hastings' rich Black history, personal toil

On a day in May 1875, a few dozen Black residents of Hastings celebrated passage of a new federal civil rights law allowing African Americans…
A 1956 sketch of Browns Valley Man, done by Francis Frey, portrays a man between the ages of 25 and 40 and standing 5-5. His skull, discovered in a Tr

Twists and turns for Minnesota's oldest human bones

The discovery dubbed Browns Valley Man was judged to be roughly 10,000-year-old bones, some of the oldest, best-preserved prehistoric human remains ever found in North America.
Matt Reed 1892-1971  Finnish immigrant Matt Reed, who was Matti Riitijoki until he was processed at Ellis Island, was a wrestler, dairy worker, logger

The larger-than-life story of Finnish immigrant Matt Reed

For more than 30 years, up until his death in 1971 at 79, he barnstormed across the country as a lay preacher.
Enmegahbowh: As “the only Native American who interacted between the Native population and the white establishment … and who left a written record

New book recounts history through Ojibwe missionary's eyes

As winter was about to descend in 1850, about 4,000 Lake Superior Ojibwe were forced to travel to Minnesota Territory to collect money and goods…
Anna Arnold Hedgeman Civil rights leader: Hedgeman, left, appeared in 1967 with the Rev. and Mrs. Stanley King, who helped found Sabathani Baptist Chu

Civil rights pioneer left Anoka, Hamline to make her mark

Anna Arnold Hedgeman rubbed elbows with and influenced many of the civil rights movement's greats
Bob Fitzgerald of Minneapolis, shown crossing the finish line with a record of 43.4 in the 500-meter speed skating race in the Olympics at St. Moritz,

Speedskater Robert Fitzgerald penned unparalleled comeback story

Embarrassed by the far-from-the-battlefield nature of the injury while in the Army, he didn't talk about his amazing comeback until later in life.
Jack Peifer died two hours after being denied a new trial after he was found guilty and sentenced to 30 years for hatching the plot to kidnap brewing

St. Paul gangster's kidnapping trial came to dramatic end

The defendant stood with his arms behind his back, so the federal judge in St. Paul couldn't see his left hand. But courtroom witnesses caught…
Caroline Rosdahl Nurse and storyteller “If you don’t have a sense of humor, it’s almost impossible to work as a nurse because things often turn

Minnesota nurse looks back on a long career with humor

On a 20-below-zero night in 1965, nurse Caroline Rosdahl explained to a patient that he couldn't legally leave Hennepin County General Hospital because he was…
WILLIAM KNUPPEL JR. 1919-2013  Sgt. Bill Knuppel, seated and shirtless, joined platoon mates in showing off swords during World War II.  Knuppel, a na

Marine from Morris, Minn., re-emerges in new WWII book

In the 1940s and '50s, Sgt. William Knuppel Jr. served in Iceland, New Zealand, World War II battles and in the Korean War. During his…
leslie c. park, 1901-1977, and edward f. baker, 1926-2006  The fathers of Minneapolis’ skyway system founded an indoor downtown network that has gro

From different backgrounds, pair launched first skyways

As the pandemic casts doubt about workaday downtowns, it's fitting to flash back to this pair of downtown boosters.
From left, Julie Jo Larson visited the Wealthwood Black Cemetery and Civil War gravestone of Sgt. Joseph Henry in 2016 with community descendants Lynd

Calls to preserve abandoned Black cemetery in Aitkin County

Lynda Baker's quest to track her family's roots became stymied in an out-of-the-way place: the woodsy north shore of Lake Mille Lacs, 120 miles from…
Carl Simmons 1938-2021  Northwest Flight 573 experienced engine failure shortly after taking off from Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport on Ja

Remembering a pilot's 1985 disaster-avoiding heroism

Carl Simmons, who maneuvered a crippled Boeing 727 to safety, died in January after he was hit by a car.
A remarkable group: the langsjoen family  Seated from left, Trudy, father Nels “Pops,” Harald, Alma “Doopy,” mother Alma and Ralph. Standing,

No black sheep in Langsjoen family

The family name became synonymous with achievement in St. Peter.
The famed architect Cass Gilbert met Julia Finch Gilbert in his career, and again later when he lived in St. Paul and she in Milwaukee. They wrote oft

Architect Cass Gilbert, and a blueprint for love

Passionate courtship letters had lit up the love between the then-emerging architect in St. Paul and his wife-to-be in Milwaukee.
Clarence Ladue Larson Black widower? Granite Falls writer Patricia Lubeck posits in her new book that justice was never served in Clarence Larson’s

New book alleges Minnesotan might have killed his two wives

When it came to antiquing, Clarence and Jean Larson made a good husband-and-wife team in southwestern Minnesota in 1980. He could fix just about anything…
Then 104 years old in 1941, Henry Mack was pictured in a Minneapolis Star Journal photo at bottom right. Five Civil war veterans, according to an acco

Former slave, Civil War vet lived final decades in Minneapolis

Grave No. 384 in Section A-3 commemorates one of the more remarkable lives among the 240,000 military people and family members buried at Fort Snelling…
Norwegian immigrants Olav (Ole) and Martha Leraas married near Kenyon, Minn., in 1870 and later moved to Minneapolis. Two of their young children are

This history buff embraces family's past with gusto

Some history buffs dig into genealogy websites to mine ancestors' records. Some send in saliva for DNA scrutiny. Others comb through photo albums and mildewed…
When her father, John Puckett Gibbs, the Itasca State Park commissioner, died in 1903, Mary Hannah Gibbs took his place and tried to protect the park

Mary Gibbs stared down lumbermen in 1903 Itasca clash

It became one of Minnesota's first clashes between conservationists and industry.
Archer’s Hotel sprung up only a year after citizens drove the James-Younger gang out of Northfield and just as Carleton and St. Olaf colleges began

Northfield mourns burned Archer hotel that reached back 143 years

"It really was the heart of the community," said Northfield historian Susan Hvistendahl.
Roger Vaillancourt, who was 17, died after being hit by two cars near Princeton, Minn., in 1957, but the full story of what happened that October nigh

Mystery still swirls around fatal hit-and-run crash in 1957

It was Oct. 5, 1957, an idyllic autumn Saturday in Foley, an east-central Minnesota town of 1,100 people, and Roger Vaillancourt, 17, was goofing around…
Lois Gildemeister was the pilot of Grand Rapids’ old-time summer variety show known as the Mississippi Melodie Showboat.

Lois Gildemeister was the can-do woman of Grand Rapids

Lois Gildemeister played the organ at the First Evangelical Lutheran Church in Grand Rapids, Minn., for decades of Sundays starting in the early 1930s. The…
Walt Straka, 101, is shown in 2019. Minnesota’s lone survivor of World War II’s Bataan Death March, Straka was a 22-year-old shoemaker’s son and

From Brainerd to Bataan: At 101, veteran recalls the horrors

Walt Straka was a 22-year-old shoemaker's son and one of 64 Minnesota National Guard troops from Brainerd belonging to Company A of the Army's 194th Tank Battalion.
On Dec. 20, 1962, Tom Swain, Gov. Elmer Andersen’s recount administrator, stood in a dark suit, center, as the gubernatorial recount carried on arou

Minnesota's past proves that every vote matters

If you think your vote really doesn’t matter this week, talk to 99-year-old Tom Swain. Born on the Fourth of July, Swain graduated from Washburn…
Rebecca Marshall Cathcart of St. Paul, said to be the oldest Minnesotan when she died at 95, left “sheafs of remembrance” now viewable on the Libr

St. Paul woman left 'sheafs of remembrance' of Minnesota's settler days

Rebecca Marshall Cathcart was said to be the oldest Minnesotan when she died in her St. Paul home in 1925 at age 95.
Alice Matthews, right, and her sister Jennie, who nearly discovered her strangled body in 1912 but assumed it was a drunken man. Alice’s body, lying

Flour packer's brutal 1912 Minneapolis murder still unsolved

Veteran cops at the time considered it the most brutal crime Minneapolis had seen in the city's 45 years.
Flour milling company executive James Ford Bell was instrumental in leading a U.S. hunger relief effort during World War I, resigning his business pos

Thank-you letters from 1915 point back to unlikely hero

U.S. humanitarian aid had poured into Belgium — including tons of wheat milled in Minnesota — before the United States joined World War I.
Ken Micko, a bomber co-pilot, bailed from his burning plane over Berlin and became a prisoner of war. He’ll never forget that date — March 18, 194

Minnesota WWII co-pilot, 98, bailed out over Berlin as he became a dad

When Ken Micko's daughter was being born in 1945, he was parachuting out of his flaming B-24 over Berlin.
The Grotto Players’ 1947 performance of “On Borrowed Times,” staged by Donald Singerman. The Grotto Players were a St. Paul nonprofessional thea

St. Paul librarian opened eyes with 1930s community theater

Donald Singerman made his community theater group, the Grotto Players, into a force.
An 1818 portrait of Abigail Snelling Chaplin, whose first husband, Josiah Snelling, is the namesake of the fort at the confluence of the Minnesota and

Abigail Hunt Snelling Chaplin was more than a helpmate at the early years of the fort bearing her name

A look at the pioneer woman, who arrived at the confluence of the Minnesota and Mississippi rivers 200 years ago.
John Mrozinski was 21 when he and his father, Joseph Mrozinski, were stopped by game wardens on the river. His father was killed.

Game warden shot fisherman, walked in 1900 murder case

Two unemployed telegraph linemen looking for work on St. Paul’s East Side happened upon a deadly confrontation on the Mississippi River on Sept. 19, 1900.…
Sincere et Constanter: Saint Marys School of Nursing The St. Marys School of Nursing class of 1960 stood after its capping ceremony in Rochester. Duri

Japanese-American nurses traded WWII camps for Rochester

St. Marys School of Nursing won military approval to train nurses of Japanese heritage living in internment camps.
Robert and James Style: Buried together in Europe The four oldest of the 12 Style siblings: Rodney, James, Margaret Claire and Robert. James and Rober

Two Minnesota brothers, side by side, gave all in WWII

The bleeding heart plant, with its pink heart-shaped flowers, was first grown by Elizabeth Style Sullivan's grandmother. Liz's mother, Mary Style, subsequently transplanted some in…
Carolen Bailey in 1991.

Pioneering St. Paul police lieutenant took down crooks, gender walls

During a 36-year career, Carolen Bailey served as a homicide investigator and vice squad commander before working with the state.
As Chief Little Crow’s top soldier, Tawasuota followed orders and took the first fatal shot of the U.S.-Dakota War in 1862. Charles Eastman, an auth

Remembering the Dakota warrior who took the first shot

Almost immediately, Tawasuota regretted killing an unarmed man, according to an account published 45 years later.
This photo from August 1944 — titled “Still Pitching at 61 — captured Charles Bender as the Philadelphia Athletics’ batting-practice pitcher,

White Earth to World Series: Charles Bender's bittersweet baseball story

The swirl of world events threw a few knuckleballs into major league baseball in 1918 — namely a deadly flu pandemic and World War I.At…
Nettie Hayes Sherman ran a St. Paul speakeasy during the 1930s and sang with greats of American music. “I don’t accept anybody’s suggestions or

Nettie Hayes Sherman stood at intersection of booze, voting 100 years ago

She steals in the show in "A Brief History of Women in Bars: A Minnesota Story in Three Rounds," even being in it just in the final minutes.
Carrie Thorson, shown before turning 70 in 1948, left Norway at age 24 in 1903 and joined her husband in Minneapolis. Grandson Paul Arneson called her

Battling goats in Norway put Carrie Kirkeeide Thorson on path to come to U.S.

Nearly 50 years after she died in 1974 at 95, her life story has been captured in a book compiled and published by her grandson.
Dorance "Dip” Alquist and his friend Bob Coll, during Army training at Fort Bragg, N.C. Alquist served in the Pacific during World War II, and his l

Grandson's mission keeps World War II letters alive online

Finding Grandpa's letters home can be a moving experience, if not necessarily rare. But what the Burnsville man did with them embraces a new approach.
“Tornado over St. Paul” Julius Holm’s 1893 painting hangs at the Minneapolis Institute of Art. It was derived from a photo of a tornado taken by

1890 cyclone twists on in old photo, museum painting

Research connects the dots between the St. Paul photographer and the artist, who was a Minneapolis house painter with higher aspirations.
Molly Ivins, Minneapolis Tribune reporter, insisted in 1969 that her new, red maxicoat was no fashion statement: “I honest to God bought the thing b

Two voices spoke up during Minneapolis riots in 1969. They both carried

Molly Ivins' stint in Minneapolis was comparatively short, 1967 to 1970, but memorable.
‘Nine kids trapped upstairs’ This photo appeared on the cover of the Minneapolis Tribune on April 14, 1952, of rescuer Ed Steffen lifting 1-year-o

One kid's lesson of resiliency from hard times of 1952 flood

The radio crackled with an urgent message for the exhausted volunteer rescuers aboard a Red Cross amphibious duck boat."Go to 56 West Fairfield," the dispatcher…
memoir and memories Dr. Henry Buchwald, 86, recalls the “Wangensteen Era” in his new book. He and his wife, Emilie are shown at home in Edina.

Surgeon storyteller's new book recalls golden era at 'U'

Dr. Henry Buchwald operated on more than 10,000 patients as the longest-serving University of Minnesota surgeon. Now the renowned Edina doctor, teacher and researcher, who…
Attorney William R. Morris, above, was hired by white Linden Hills residents to help prevent a black minister, the Rev. William Malone, from buying a

Lake Harriet neighbors rejected black minister in 1909

Keys in hand, the minister went to check out the bungalow he’d just purchased at 4441 Zenith Av. S., near Lake Harriet in the Linden…
Retired church secretary Millie McQuillan, shown holding her granddaughter Valerie, disappeared in 1975 on a visit to see friends near Park Rapids. He

What happened to Millie? Northern Minnesota woman vanished 45 years ago

No one has ever been arrested in what is still an open case. Her daughter and son assume she was murdered.
Russell B. Rathbun • 1889-1987 Russell Rathbun was a University of Minnesota track and field athlete who would later become a banker and investment

Letters from earlier pandemic echo with resonance today

Holly Hannah Lewis shaped the letters into a 125-page book for family members.
Pfc. William Regan from St. Paul was killed by Japanese small-arms fire in the Solomon Islands during World War II. He earned a Distinguished Service

Volunteer researchers chip in to remember World War II's fallen

An all-volunteer army of history buffs is trying to make sure the servicemen and women we lost aren't forgotten 75 years later.
Ramona Kitto Stately embraced Rita Davern, whose Irish great-grandfather William Davern owned part of an island sacred to Stately’s Dakota ancestors

New film explores St. Paul family's complex roots

The documentary debuts Sunday as part of the virtual Minneapolis St. Paul International Film Festival.
Pvt. Milburn Henke, a Hutchinson, Minn., native selected from among the first U.S. troops sent to the British Isles in World War II, stepped down the

Minnesotan was among the first wave of U.S. troops to join World War II in Europe

Milburn Henke, a 23-year-old cafe owner's kid from Hutchinson, was the first American combat GI to set foot on European soil in World War II.
The day before Ann Bilansky went to the gallows in St. Paul, the prosecutor in the case asked that her sentence be commuted, saying he had “grave an

Case of only woman executed in Minnesota is clouded with doubt

More than 160 years later, Ann Bilansky's execution remains punctuated with question marks.
Yousuf Karsh caught Sister Kenny’s expressive hands in a portrait. “They are full of healing,” another nurse once said.

Sister Elizabeth Kenny: A 'raging tiger, merciful angel' who challenged the doctors on polio

Her methods largely rebuked in Australia and fell on deaf ears around the U.S., until she got to Minnesota.