Q: Why do dogs chase their tails?
A: There are thousands of YouTube videos of dogs chasing their tails. Usually we laugh when we see dogs performing this seemingly normal and entertaining behavior. But dogs don't necessarily perceive their tails as furry prey or chase their tails just for fun.
In fact, science tells us that the behavior may be linked to a medical condition. A 2009 study published in the Journal of Small Animal Practice found that dogs that are tail chasers had significantly higher cholesterol levels than dogs that didn't chase their tails.
Turkish researchers examined 15 dogs with a tail-chasing habit, looking at their behavioral history, clinical signs and results of lab work measuring total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL, known as "good cholesterol" in humans) and low-density lipoprotein ("bad" cholesterol). None of the dogs had medical conditions that would account for the tail chasing. Fifteen control dogs had normal physical exam results and lab work.
It may be that dogs chase their tails because the high cholesterol levels have blocked the flow of brain hormones controlling mood and behavior. Other possible reasons include discomfort caused by dermatitis or anal sacculitis; welfare problems such as boredom, insufficient exercise or stress; or canine compulsive disorder, which may have a heritable component.
Breeds prone to compulsive tail chasing include bull terriers, German shepherds and Anatolian shepherds. If genetic factors are involved, it may be that the behavior was accidentally selected by way of being linked with a desirable trait.
Some dogs may simply enjoy chasing their tails. But if you're concerned, or if the tail chasing becomes excessive or causes your dog injuries, talk to your veterinarian.
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