Xcel Energy Inc. faces more scrutiny from a federal panel reviewing the utility's requested 40-year extension of its license to store high-level nuclear waste at its power plant in Red Wing, Minn.
The Atomic Safety and Licensing Board, in a ruling released Friday, said the Indian tribe living next to Xcel's Prairie Island nuclear power plant and waste-storage site has raised several contentions about the license extension that warrant a hearing before the board's three-judge panel.
A core issue -- whether the "temporary" cask storage is becoming permanent -- was set aside by the panel while its parent agency, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, studies the problem across the nation. A federal appeals court in June struck down the commission's waste storage rules, forcing another look at the implications of keeping radioactive waste at reactor sites for up to 60 years.
"We are dealing with regulations that were established 30 years ago for what everybody thought would be 10 to 20 years of storage," said Phil Mahowald, general counsel for the Prairie Island Indian Community.
Minneapolis-based Xcel, the state's largest utility, stores spent fuel rods in 29 casks next to its power plant. Up to 64 casks ultimately may be needed. The casks likely will remain in Minnesota for decades because the federal government hasn't built a permanent storage site.
The ruling by the licensing panel is a partial victory for the tribe, which has 200 members living near the power plant. The panel said the tribe can raise several concerns about long-term waste storage at a future hearing, though no date was set for it.
Those concerns include whether Xcel adequately studied the cumulative effects of additional casks; the low-level radiation they emit skyward; the long-term effects of a newer "high-burn" fuel on the casks; and possible disturbance of historic and archeological resources.
Mahowald said the tribe wants the waste moved, either to a permanent facility or to long-term temporary storage elsewhere. The tribe has pursued those goals not only in the Prairie Island relicensing case, but as a participant in the federal lawsuit that forced a review of U.S. storage rules.
"At the end of the day we would like the federal government to fulfill its obligation to remove the waste from Prairie Island, and that is a viewpoint we share with Xcel," Mahowald said.
No comment from Xcel
Xcel didn't comment directly on the ruling and hasn't objected to the tribe's participation in the relicensing process, but it had opposed the tribe's contentions. In an e-mail Wednesday, Xcel said that "we have many common interests and concerns, particularly the interest in holding the federal government accountable for removing used nuclear fuel from the plant site."
The panel sided with Xcel on some matters, rejecting the tribe's concerns about testing of casks and leak risks. Both the tribe and Xcel have the right to appeal the procedural findings.
The two reactors at Prairie Island supply about 20 percent of the electricity to Xcel's customers in the Minnesota region. The reactors are licensed to operate until 2033 and 2034.
David Shaffer • 612-673-7090 Twitter: @ShafferStrib