Education: B.A., College of Wooster (Ohio); J.D., William Mitchell College of Law.

Career: Hennepin County district judge, 1997-present (appointed by Republican Gov. Arne Carlson, then elected in 2000 and 2006); assistant U.S. attorney, 1989-97; attorney, Lindquist & Vennum, 1985-89; law clerk, U.S. District Judge Robert Renner, 1983-85.


Education: B.A., College of St. Benedict; J.D., Oklahoma City University School of Law.

Career: Stearns County district judge, 1986-present (appointed by DFL Gov. Rudy Perpich, then elected in 1988, 1994, 2000, 2006); Stearns County assistant district attorney, 1981-86.


Education: B.S., Bemidji State College; J.D., University of Minnesota.

Career: Pennington County district judge, 2000-present (appointed by Independence Party Gov. Jesse Ventura, then elected in 2002, 2008); attorney, Charlson, Marben & Jorgenson, and predecessors, 1977-2000.

Sources: Hennepin County Bar Association, Minnesota Courts