On Dec. 31, an investor group headed by Bob Lynch and Fred Simonson bought Anoka-based Victory Tool from Minnetonka-based MultiSource Manufacturing. Although terms of the private transaction were not disclosed, it’s safe to say it wasn’t the biggest corporate transaction in Minnesota last year.
But the acquisition of the 25-year-old maker of metal stamping dies and other equipment for manufacturers across North America underscores a positive economic trend.
“We bought it based on opportunity,” said Lynch, the president of Victory, which has 24 employees.
Niche manufacturing is surging in the United States, and Victory thinks it also can win new business from customers moving manufacturing back from foreign sources. And that confidence is radiating through many companies and industries as the U.S. economy warms in what is expected to be the fifth and best year of the economic recovery.
Sales of U.S. companies hit $1.8 trillion in 2013, the highest annual total since 2007, the last year before the Great Recession started shuttering shops and showrooms and sucking confidence and jobs.
Deal activity declined 19 percent last year to about 10,000 U.S. transactions, according to Dealogic, which tracks buyers and sellers of businesses. That’s partly due to a record number of transactions completed in the fourth quarter of 2012, driven by the fact that capital gains and income taxes were scheduled to rise in 2013 on high-buck earners.
In Minnesota, the number of deals and dollar volume dropped markedly, partly because the state’s largest companies did fewer large transactions than in the two previous years.
Yet investment bankers and lawyers who advise the companies say we’re in a pretty strong market, where confidence about the future has returned to buyers and prices are healthy enough to entice small-business owners who are looking to sell. And public companies and private equity firms have plenty of cash and banks have lots of low-interest money to lend for promising transactions.
“There was a steady stream of deals after the first quarter of 2013,” said Jamie Snelson, co-chair of the M&A practice at Fredrikson & Byron of Minneapolis. “We think 2014 will be another good year.
“Consumer confidence, or the lack there of, begets business confidence and that plays out in the deal market,” Snelson said. “If there is uncertainty in the projections for performance of the business you’re acquiring … it’s tough to get a deal done and agreement on the valuation. Businesspeople are more willing to take risks when they are confident.”
Health care was the leading sector for corporate transactions last year, and Fredrikson advised on several such local deals during the year.
For example, medical-products titan C.R. Bard of New Jersey in recent months agreed to buy Fredrikson client Medafor, which makes blood clot treatments, for $200 million in cash and up to $80 million more depending upon Medafor’s performance. And Bard, on a bit of a Minnesota shopping spree, also agreed to acquire Rochester Medical, a maker of urinary products, for more than $260 million.
Meanwhile, biotech firm Techne, also a Fredrikson client, acquired Massachusetts-based Bionostics Holdings for $104 million in cash. Techne, based in Minneapolis, makes controls used in hospitals and laboratories to check the accuracy of blood analysis instruments. Bionostics makes products for verifying the proper operation of medical devices used for blood glucose and blood gas testing.
Good values to be found
“Good companies are selling for good prices,” said Hunt Greene, a founder of investment banker Greene Holcomb Fisher, which represents sellers. “But not the kind of ‘overdone’ values that we saw back in 2005-06. And people are less cautious about cyclical businesses [such as auto parts makers, whose fortunes rise and fall with economic cycles]. They either think there’s a lot of good times left in this economy, or they are just too optimistic.”
Greene’s firm got some national notoriety in the investment banking trade for the sale of 12-year-old CorePower Yoga of Denver, a very hot company in a hot trend, to Catterton Partners. It was an unspecified private transaction that sold for what was speculated to be an eye-popping 12 or more times annual cash flow.
There also were some interesting trend plays.
In November, U.S. Bancorp’s investment fund-service subsidiary said it would acquire Quintillion Ltd., an Ireland-based hedge fund administration firm, for an undisclosed amount.
Quintillion is an independent fund manager based in Dublin that was founded in 2006. The firm’s 53 employees will become U.S. Bancorp employees.
Ireland is a popular low-tax haven for U.S. companies and has an educated workforce. Ireland also functions as a gateway to Europe.
The deal adds $18 billion in assets and another European hub to U.S. Bancorp’s hedge fund operations, which currently have locations in Wisconsin, New Jersey, the Cayman Islands and London. After the deal, the bank will manage $832 billion in assets for more than 2,900 funds.
“This enables us to enhance our European presence,” Terrance Dolan, vice chairman of the bank’s wealth management and securities services, said in a prepared statement. It also “complements our focus on the expansion and diversification of our alternative investment business.”
On the capital-raising side of the deal business, more U.S. companies raised funds through initial public offerings or secondary offerings of stock in 2013 than 2012 in what also was the best year since the recession as surging stock markets set all-time highs.
More than 200 companies, including 63 in the fourth quarter, launched initial public offerings last year, up from 131 in all of 2012. Additional offerings also increased nationally as 754 public companies sold additional shares in 2013, up from 599 in 2012.
In Minnesota, Dakota Plains Holdings, SPS Commerce, Cardiovascular Systems and Norcraft Companies were among the firms that went to the equity well in the fourth quarter.
Most observers think the deal flow will continue unabated amid projections of continued economic recovery in 2014.
PricewaterhouseCoopers, the accounting and consulting firm, said CEOs responding to its 17th annual CEO survey this month are bullish on acquisitions. Nearly 40 percent said they plan to complete a domestic acquisition this year and 28 percent plan an international deal. With markets stable thanks to relative budget peace in Washington, D.C., and big companies holding record amounts of cash on balance sheets, the dealmakers are optimistic.
“From a macroeconomic perspective, we have a stronger economy, we have Congress behaving more responsibly, and we have all appearances of stability at the Fed,” Scott Barshay, head of the corporate department at Cravath, Swaine & Moore, a top Wall Street law firm, told the New York Times earlier in January. “CEOs can look forward and say, ‘I don’t see any near-term economic bumps.’ ”