1 The ethics of birding and bird photography are elusive. Each situation is different. Use your best judgment to prevent harm to the birds.
2 Many birders remain in their vehicles while observing rare birds. Always abide by highway safety standards to avoid accidents.
3 Respect private land. Birders and photographers have been known to trespass while “chasing” rare species.
4 Baiting owls and other birds into photography range is hurtful and unethical by any standard.