U.S. is pessimistic about China's online compliance

– The nation's top intelligence official said Tuesday that he's not optimistic that an agreement the U.S. recently struck with China will effectively deter state-sponsored cyberattacks on business emanating from the communist nation.

President Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping met last week and agreed not to conduct or knowingly support cyber theft of trade secrets or competitive business information. The White House said the agreement covers cyber theft where the intent is to provide a competitive advantage to a country's companies or commercial sectors.

At a Senate hearing, Armed Services Committee Chairman John McCain asked Director of National Intelligence James Clapper if he was optimistic that the agreement would result in the elimination of such attacks from China. Clapper replied: "No."

The pact was supposed to end state-sponsored attacks that target businesses. Obama said he told Xi that cyber threats from China must stop.

The Office of Personnel Management recently was the victim of what the U.S. believes was a Chinese espionage operation that affected an estimated 21.5 million current and former federal employees.

McCain, R-Ariz., said the Obama administration has not been aggressive enough in responding to cyberattacks. "We are not winning the fight in cyberspace," he said.

Associated Press