On the issues
Immigration: Kasich says that people who came to the U.S. illegally years ago and are otherwise law-abiding should be granted legal status if they pay a fine. People who entered the U.S. illegally more recently should be sent back. Overall, he says, “I’m not for putting them on a school bus, driving them to the border, opening the door and telling them to get out.” As a congressman, Kasich voted to provide more visas to high-skill immigrants.
Foreign policy: Kasich supports the deployment of U.S. ground troops as part of an international effort to defeat the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant. He favors a significant expansion of the Navy and says, in retrospect, that the invasion of Iraq was a mistake.
Social issues: Kasich cites his Christian faith in decisions such as championing Medicaid expansion under the federal health care law and increasing spending on anti-poverty efforts, which are opposed by many Republicans. Kasich has signed state laws restricting abortion rights in Ohio. He backed Ohio’s ban on gay marriage. But after the Supreme Court invalidated such state bans, he urged public respect for the decision and attended a gay wedding. Kasich is a death-penalty supporter who’s seen 12 men executed under his watch. On gun rights, he supported a ban on assault-type weapons when he was in Congress but signed an Ohio law reducing training, residency and license-renewal requirements for people permitted to carry concealed weapons.
Education: Kasich supports the Common Core academic standards that most Republican candidates disdain. He says they represent a higher bar than Ohio had before and will allow the state to remain competitive. Kasich stripped state guarantees from Ohio’s school financing formula.
Labor unions: Kasich signed a 2011 law severely restricting the collective bargaining rights of 350,000 police, firefighters, teachers and other unionized public employees, only to see it overwhelmingly overturned by voters in a labor-backed ballot campaign. The faceoff sparked labor-backed rallies, an Ohio Statehouse lockdown and hecklers’ cries that interrupted his first State of the State speech. Kasich conceded defeat and has since avoided pushing similar limits. So far, he has held off conservatives’ efforts to make Ohio a right-to-work state. His administration negotiated a contract giving 30,000 unionized state employees their first raises since 2008. Kasich issued orders rescinding bargaining rights for independent home health care and child-care workers under contract with the state.
Climate change: In Ohio, the governor initially embraced alternative-energy mandates that prompted wind, solar and other renewable energy companies to expand operations, but then backed a two-year delay in the rules. He has repeatedly tried to raise taxes on oil and gas drillers, without success. He has called climate change a problem that should be addressed but also said he’s not clear on the causes of it and does not favor “dramatic economic change of policy” when the science, in his view, is not certain.