Seymour Cray, the founder of Cray Research and a legendary free spirit in the management community, was once asked — according to a Wall Street Journal story — to produce a one-year and a five-year plan.

The next day, he produced two three-ring binders, each containing a single sheet of paper. In the first binder, Cray had written, “Five-Year Plan: To produce the world’s fastest computers.”

The sheet in the second binder read, “One-Year Plan: To complete one-fifth of the Five-Year Plan.”

That probably wouldn’t pass muster at most organizations; it might in fact be considered insubordinate. Or was it just an example of Cray’s innovative nature?

Innovation is one of the buzzwords of the decade for business. Innovation is critical to an organization’s long-term success. An article in Forbes Magazine said that CEOs believe innovation is the most important factor for growth.

A mission statement is important, but it is just a first step. The goals of the organization should constantly be reinforced with an eye toward innovative processes that will help achieve those goals.

If you want more imagination and innovation in your workplace, you have to give people space: physical space in which to work uninterrupted and creative space to develop and test ideas without interference.

The best way to motivate employees to become more creative and innovative is by developing job descriptions that focus on what they can do instead of what they cannot. Set clear expectations for innovation. Talk about the kind of ideas you want to see. Clarify deadlines and requirements.

Stretch people’s skills and imagination by challenging them to excel. Give them a jolt from time to time — a tough problem or a tight deadline that forces them to think differently.

Allow people to take chances and fail.

Bring a wide mixture of personalities and skills to your team. The more exposure to new ways of thinking people have, the better their ideas will be.

A high-performing team thrives on creativity and innovation. If the status quo is a default position, chances are the results will not reflect anything close to innovation.

How do you define innovation? You don’t want to be too open-ended, but at the same time you should avoid unnecessarily limiting the scope of ideas. Just be sure that innovation has a clear, positive effect on how to get things done.

What are your goals? Let everyone know what you are looking for. You want to launch a brand-new product every year, for example.

How do you measure success? If you can’t track the impact of innovation, no one will take it seriously. Maybe you want 10 percent of your revenue to come from products that are less than five years old. Or maybe you want to cut your energy bill by 20 percent in the next six months.

How do you encourage innovation? Analyze your process for generating, testing and implementing new ideas. What obstacles does your team face? How could you streamline things?

Do you have a pipeline? Ideally, innovation should happen all the time. Your team should have new ideas coming in and being tested on a constant basis. If that’s not happening, dig deep to determine what you can do to spur more creativity.

Do you have an end game? You can debate, test and adjust your ideas, but your team needs to be able to commit to a specific direction or conclusion. Determine how you will decide which projects to support and when enough is enough. You have to know when to leave the experimental phase or you’ll never get the results your organization needs.

Elias Howe, who for years had been trying to invent a practical sewing machine, fell asleep one night and had a nightmare. He dreamed that soldiers had captured him and were threatening to run him through with their spears. Howe noticed that the warriors’ spears all had holes through them at their pointed ends. When he suddenly awoke he realized the idea that would lead to a perfected sewing machine: use a needle with a hole not through its base or middle but through its tip.

Mackay’s Moral: Innovation is a decision that successful organizations make every day to ensure successful tomorrows.


Harvey Mackay is a Minneapolis businessman. Contact him at 612-378-6202 or e-mail