Asked if he had tortured a suspect, the Kiefer Sutherland character Bauer answered, "According to the Geneva Convention, yes, I did." Actually, according to any standard, Bauer tortured people. He shot and killed suspects, choked his brother and shot a suspect’s wife in the leg.
The interrogation methods cited in the New York Times exist in a different universe. Yes, the techniques, which some Bush administration critics want to prosecute, were harsh. But there is strong reason to not call them torture. Grabbing, shaking, open-hand slapping, sleep deprivation, exposure to cold and even the simulated-drowning technique called waterboarding do not scar. They’re not the sort of brutal punishment meted out by Saddam Hussein.
To the contrary, CIA agents have subjected themselves to waterboarding. "It wasn’t viewed as ipso facto torture," a former CIA official told me, "because we don’t torture our own people."
The harshest methods were not used routinely. The military never authorized harsh techniques, while the CIA used waterboarding — according to CIA Director Michael Hayden and news reports — not widely, but on three high-profile detainees.
Former CIA operative John Kiriakou told ABC’s Brian Ross that the waterboarding of Abu Zubaydah "disrupted a number of attacks, maybe dozens of attacks." That’s a lot of lives. Operatives didn’t act on impulse, à la Jack Bauer. Kiriakou explained that agents had to ask the deputy director for operations before using any coercive technique.
Democrats in Congress — and a handful of Republicans — have had a fun time trashing the Bush administration for authorizing waterboarding. Senators tried to strong-arm now-Attorney General Michael Mukasey to classify waterboarding as torture during his confirmation hearings, and failed — perhaps because, at the time, despite the rhetoric, Congress itself had failed to ban the practice.
President-elect Barack Obama has said that waterboarding is torture and hence forbidden under his administration.
But do Democrats really want to ban the potential to use waterboarding and other enhanced interrogation techniques? Already news outlets are reporting on the downside to barring these techniques.
The Washington Post ran a story on the "perilous balancing act to fulfill his pledge to make a clean break with the detention and interrogation policies of the Bush administration while still effectively ensuring the nation’s security." Newsweek reported on a Senate vote last year to require that CIA use only interrogation methods from the Army Field Manual: "These are extremely restrictive: strictly speaking, the interrogator cannot ever threaten bodily harm or even put a prisoner on cold rations until he talks. Bush vetoed this measure, not unwisely. As president, Obama may want to preserve some flexibility. (Suppose, for instance, that after a big attack the CIA captured the leader who planned it; there would be enormous pressure to make the terrorist divulge what attack is coming next.)"
Suppose? No need. The CIA waterboarded Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, the mastermind of the
Ah, but that was under Bush. With Obama in the White House, the lexicon will change, from "torture" to "flexibility" to interrogate in the interests of national security.Debra J. Saunders’ column is distributed by Creators Syndicate.