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Brotherhood lawyers have said the trial appears aimed at "denigrating" Morsi and the group. Morsi already faces three other trials on various charges, some of them carrying the death penalty.
Morsi and his Brotherhood colleagues were arrested on Jan. 27, 2011, the eve of what became known as the "Friday of Rage," and were sent to prison to undercut the protests.
Authorities say up to 800 foreign militants, including others from Lebanon's Hezbollah, then entered Egypt to help free their own prisoners in Egyptian jails.
Two days later, in some of the still-unclear events of the uprising, there appeared to be an attempt to spread chaos when several prisons in Egypt were stormed, some by men with bulldozers.
There was a widespread belief at the time that the police freed prisoners to create the pandemonium. Rights groups have recorded a number of incidents when prison riots ended up with police killing a number of inmates to quell the mayhem. The groups have called for an independent investigation into events of the day.
Nasser Amin, a rights lawyer on the board of the National Council for Human Rights appointed by the interim authorities, said the investigation of Morsi and his allies was building long before he was ousted from office.
But Amin called the case weak, like the trials of Mubarak and other former regime officials. He said the Egyptian judicial system is not prepared to handle such political cases.
"How are they going to prove that Morsi tried to undermine the Egyptian state?" he said.