T.R. Michels

T.R. Michels is a professional guide who specializes in trophy whitetail, turkey and bear hunts in Minnesota. He has guided in the Rocky Mountains for elk and mule deer, too. He publishes the Trinity Mountain Outdoors website at www.TRMichels.com.

Posts about Recreation

What's Happening & New Nature Hike

Posted by: T.R. Michels Updated: May 22, 2012 - 7:04 AM

I had planned to go to the MN Zoo on Monday, to photograph several animals, because they may be interested in purchasing some of my wildlife photos. But, just before I left Iwe got a call from my son Dallas, asking if I could watch Gabriel, Adel and Nellie. Of course I did what all good grand fathers do - I watched the kids, The girls played outside, and Gabriel took a nap fo the first two hours, so I only got to babysit him for an hour - but as usual - it was fun.

On Tuesday I decided to go to a new wildlie are near us here in Inver grovve Heights. I had been on the property only three times before, so I Iwas looking forward to it. Whle walking the cliff top near the Missisippi River I heard several birds; Amercian Redstart, Common Yellowthroat, WarblingVireo, Northern /Baltimore Oriole, Great crested Flycatcher, Hairy, Downy, Red-belled and Pileated Woodpeckers, Canada Geese, Wild Turkey,  Blue-gray Natcatcher, and others, plus I spooked at least two deer. I coud tell because I heard their Alarm Snorts I walked by; sh-uh shu shu shu. I do wish I had gotten a good look at them, but it was enjoyable. I look forward to doing some more nature hikes, looking and listening for birds, and looking fo wildflowers and deer.

So today I planto go to the zoo and get photos of any young animals, and hope for some interesting behavior for photos of any and all of the othert animals. I'll take along a camerw tih 600mm magnification, and my Canon Pwershot with video capability, in case I seesome adtion sequnces. I've ben luckin in the pst- to catch some interesting dominanc ebehavior among the wolves, nd other animals, If you are interested in checking out my wildlife photography, log on  to the T.R. Michel or Trinity Mountain Outdoor Photography pages at www.TRMichels,com,

Enjoy God's Great Outdoors and take along a child, family member or friend. Introduce them to nature and conservation issues,


God bless,

T.R. Michels




Animal Home Ranges and Territories

Posted by: T.R. Michels Updated: May 18, 2012 - 10:53 PM

Before I forget, I need to add some bird sightings to my "Backyard Bird Sightings" list. Today I saw my first hen Wood Duck on one of the ponds, and I heard House Wren, Gray Catbird and saw a gull, probably Ring-billed Gull.

And last month, my wife Diane saw a group of jake (one-year-old) turkeys, evident by their shorter outer tail feathers and a beard that sticks almost straight out from their chest. So add five birds to my last count.


Animal Home Ranges: An explanation of what they are and what to expect to find in them.  

After studying game animal home ranges since 1989 and songbird territories for the last few years. I've realized that most predatory and prey species, be they terrestrial or aquatic, have what scientists refer to as "home ranges".

We may call them Lifetime Home Range, Annual Home Range or Seasonal Home Range, but the fact is that many animals, (especially those we hunt and many birds) have home ranges, where they spend the majority of their time during their life, and during particular seasons of the year (those seasons being winter, spring, summer, fall). What determines if and when they use different seasonal home ranges is appropriate thermal cover and escape cover for the temperatures/windchills and predatory pressure of each season, available forage sources during those seasons and available water sources.

During cold winter months, the windchill factor makes animals seek cover that will give them protection form rain, wind and low windchill factors, usually wooded areas of large enough a. to reduce the windchill (or areas within timber on the downwind side of hill, where the animals can get out of the wind) b. to provide security cover for the animals, (which usually means ground cover dense enough that the animals cannot see into the open areas around the wooded areas), Obviously the thermal and security needs of larger animals means they utilize larger areas of woods or cover than smaller animals.

During warmer summer months, the animals may prefer more open areas, where they can get out of the heat using the shade of wooded areas (but without a lot of ground cover, thereby allowing the wind to create a lower Heat Index through its cooling effect), or areas open to the wind (so they can take advantage of its cooling effect), or damp/ wet areas, where they can take advantage o f the cooling properties of water. If animals use one areas during warm spells, they often prefer large one area, where they can see, hear or smell possible danger before it gets too close to them.

No matter what time of year it is, most terrestrial animals have to have access to water and forage.

Once the animals have found areas suitable to use for each season, they prefer to stay within boundaries of that area - meaning they sty within the area hat they are unfamiliar. If an animal leaves its known range for that time of the year, it may be entering areas where it does not know where the trails, thermal and escape cover, forge and water sources are - which leaves it vulnerable to predation.

What this boils down to is the by the time an animal is about 1 year old, due to its being shown around by its mother, and being curios enough to check unknown things out, most animals are intimately familiar with their home range, to the point that they may notice when even a small sapling or a few branches have been cut off of a larger tree. To give you an example: While I was hunting a property in Eagen a few years ago, a group of runners inadvertently ran down the lightly used nighttime trail that ran across a hayfield (grass) and right underneath my stand. After the deer smelled and saw this change, it took them 7 days to begin using that trail again.

So, when we alter the habitat for our purposes (such as the hunting season, or even ease of access) it may take the animals a few days to become accustomed to these changes. If you brush out shooting lanes, or put up a stand or a blind – let it sit several days before using it. Generally speaking, the animals will spook the first time they see or smell it. They may, turn around and go back the way they cam, or they may give it a wide birth. Or they may use that area earlier or later than normal, in an effort to avoid it. But, they probably won’t act normal for a few days. As I said, in order to be intimately familiar with their habitat, security measures demand that they get curious, and sooner or later check out this new thing in their area, or any vegetation that has been altered. And – if it offers no threat, they will begin using that area again.

One other thing we can expect to find in home ranges are preferred trails or travel routes to and from their bedding/rest areas to their forging area, and possibly other trails from the forage areas back to the bedding / rest areas.

If you are hunting one of these animals, two of the best things you can do are to 1. learn during what meteorological conditions the animals will move, and at what hours, and 2. Learn where the trails and travel routes are. Once you have done this you will be better prepared to setup in an area where you are likely to see it on a semi-regular basis, to simply observe, photograph or hunt the animals.

If you do not know the meteorological conditions when waterfowl, turkeys, white-tailed deer and elk will be active, you can p0urchse a copy of one of my books, or "Game Animal Activity Indexes", from the Trinity Mountain Outdoor Products catalog on our website at

www.TRMichels. If you have questions feel free to logon to the T.R.’ Tips Outdoor and Hunting Talk Forum, where I try to answer every question post there personally. And where you can get ideas and advice from the other people too. We have a great group of men women and youngsters on our Talk Forum.

Note: My wife always asks me to carry the milk, because she says it is too heavy for her, I think it is j ust because she can't hold on to it. I mean - have you ever tried to carry milk - it slips right throughg your fingers!!!

I’ll talk about the difference between home ranges and territories in Part 2 of this series

Enjoy God’s Great Outdoors, take a child, family member or friend along on an outdoor adventure, and may God bless you and your family and friends,


Identifying Geese, Conservation Issues, Turkey Hunting

Posted by: T.R. Michels Updated: March 16, 2012 - 5:53 AM

Thoughts in General

Identifying Geese

As I and several others were watching the waterfowl at Lake Byllesby last weekend several people asked how to tell if approaching geese where dark colored blue phase snow geese or white-fronted geese (speckle bellies to some hunters). As a long time hunter I explained that you will rarely see an entire flock of dark bellied geese (over 10 in number) that are snow geese, because there will almost always be some white colored geese with them. Interestingly, the blue phase of the snow goose is predominant, and generally speaking, there are more blue phase geese from east to west within the lesser snow goose’s range. Another way to distinguish between species of geese is that Canada Geese have a low-pitched honk, or a two syllable "her–onk as a "social contact" call, Cackling geese use a higher pitch. Snow geese and Ross’s goose often sound like cow… cow; with Ross’s geese having a highter pitch. White-fronted geese generally string three individual notes together, in a cow cow cow… cow cow cow.


With spring arriving, and these warm temperatures,, and the arrival of migrant birds and the appearance of wildflowers, comes the urge to get outside and enjoy nature, even if it only to take a walk. I know that conservation is not a hot topic among outdoor lovers, nonetheless the average person, but it should be. All you have to do if you are an outdoor lover is look around, almost anywhere, even the backcountry to see the impact of humane on the environment. There are roads where there didn’t used o be any - and developments along with them – which means the habitat was disturbed, if not destroyed.

It doesn’t take much of a disturbance to impact an ecosystem. A path or road can change the course of water runoff. Which may lead o erosion, and soil, along with possibly insecticides and herbicides, draining into watersheds where it never used to. The resultant pollution can affect the flora and fauna of an entire ecosystem, from the bottom up. From algae to microorganisms, which in turn can affect invertebrates and plant life that is eaten by larger animals, on up the food chain to birds and small animals, and eventually to raptors and predators; even humans.

I’ll get into more conservation issues as time goes on – in the hope that some people actually read about it, and do something about it, and care. You can help by asking your friends to check in here from time to time, to discuss conservation issues - because we really need to.

Pet Peeve

On an off note, trails and roads often lead to more human travel, which leads to more disturbance and erosion, and trash. It seems some people cannot go anywhere without leaving their unwanted trash behind them, I know that there really is not an outdoor lover who likes to see trash or any kind, from cigarette butts to food wrappers and styrofoam. So – every time you take a walk or even a car ride, why not take along a couple of easily transportable plastic bags, and pick up any trash you see along the way.

What can we do? First of all. Join an active conservation organization, that is involved in ecosystem preservation and wildlife and wild flora conservation, When it comes to walking or hiking try to stay on existing trails and roads as much as possible, so there is not more disturbance of the topsoil, which may be the only thing that keeps runoff from occurring. And remember – if you can pack it in, you can pack it out. Please do not leave trash behind you.

Turkey Behavior & Turkey Hunting

With turkey season fast approaching, I have a few pointers for turkey hunters. Toms will be gobbling now, so you can start early morning scouting to locate calling birds. Look or listen for them at known roosting sites and feeding / strutting areas. Usually I would warn against scouting too far in advance of the hunting season, because turkeys often migrate between winter and spring home ranges – due to forage availability and the need to find cover enough to protect them from cold and strong winds. So, when there is snow on the ground, in March, and you hunt in April, you may find the birds in one area in March, and a completely different are in April. But, that probably will not be true this year, because the snow has been gone for several weeks, and the birds may already be on their spring breeding ranges.

Personally I would start scouting now, and locate as many flocks as I can – so I have more than one tom or groups of tom to hunt when it comes time to hunt. If you have enough time, scout several days in a row, because if you are able to watch the birds, you may be able to discern their semi-regular daily patterns. Generally you will find that they have several preferred roosting and early morning feeding / strutting sites. And you might find the when they use a particular roosting sites, they generally have one or two feeding areas they go to within a a half hour of sunrise, where the toms will often show up after the hens,

Toms generally begin gobbling on the roost, to try and locate any hens in the area, and generally fly down after the hens, and gobble infrequently as they go to the hens or a feeding /strutting area. Once they are in sight of the hens, toms often stop gobbling and begin strutting and use a spit (a loud exhale of air form the air sacks in their chest) and boom (it is not drumming per se) as they let out air from their air sacks, creating a boom like a prairie chicken, which they are related too. If and when the hens leave the first feeding area, the toms may follow if the hens leave in mass, (often early in the season). If the hens leave individually to go off to nest, (later in the breeding season, often after mid April) the toms may stay at the feeding area and gobble for up to a half hour, before leaving to go to another feeding area, gobbling infrequently as they go. Once they are at the second feeding area, they will often gobble frequently at first, hoping a few hens show up, and gobble less frequently as time goes on. They generally stop after 20-30 minutes, and go to yet another feeding area, or begin to feed or groom themselves, or head of into the woods. You should locate as many of these morning feeding areas as you can, so you hve a chance to hunt all morning long, if you are not successful early.


If you areinterested inh a birding / nature tour of any kind, or outdoor photography trip, in MN,SD.ND Wi or CO, contact TRMichels@yahoo.com.  

Enjoy God's Great Outdoors

God bless,

T.R. Michels



Petition for "Protection for Minnesota's Research Bears"

Posted by: T.R. Michels Updated: October 7, 2011 - 11:38 AM

Lets do this as a Memorial for Hope- the LIttle Bear that Everyone Loved - she gavee her life so that other research bears woud not lose their's. Do not let her death be in vain.



In light of the split between those who want to protect Dr. Rogers' research and those who wantto Protect Minnesota's Researh Bears - I took a few days off - to contemplate - I actually was  trying to decipher who was who in the Seventy Weeks of the Book of Daniel in the Bible. I find that studying the BIble grounds me and helps me sort through things.

I haven’t really needed this time to figure out what I wanted to do, hwevfer - I guess I’ve always known what I was going to do. I just needed time to figure out what I was going to write, To start this of I must first say that I am a Christian, and I try never to lie, or mislead, I also do not like playing games,

To give you an example of how beign a Christian affects my life I’m going to tell you about an conversation between my daughter, who is 24 and suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (partly from being abused by he classmates when she was in High School), and her Psychiatrist. He mentioned that most people change their beliefs or positions on things, one or more times in their early lives. And then he said that he noticed that she had not done that, that with her there was only black and white, there was no gray. With her as with my wife and my other two children, because we are Christians, who believe Jesus is God and believe in Him, there is only right or wrong – there is not gray.

So – if I ask myself why I started the Protect Minnesota’s Research Bears, the answer is that I started it to protect those bears that were being used for research purposes, without getting anything out of it – getting anything back from us humans. Yes I did it so that Dr. Rogers would not loose the bears he was studing, because, with out the bears, there is no research.


With that said what I am about to say is what I feel and what I know, not something made up or some thing misleading.

Question: Do you know Dr. Rogers. I have never personally met him. But, he and I have been exchanging information about what we find in our individual bear research for the past three years. And I frequently give him ideas on how to raise money for his organizations (such as putting together a DVD of the video footage of Hopes life, and calling it "A Loss of Hope – The Story of the Little Bear Everyone Loved" and offering it for sale; or ideas on how to try to get protection from hunting for the bears he is researching. I consider him a good friend, and I believe he feels the same way about me. We have a mutual connection, our love of nature and research.

Question: Does Dr, Roger want protection for the research bears. Absolutely. If you think otherwise then you have not been paying attention to what he and others, including myself tried to do last year.

Question: Is he worried that the DNR may take away some of his permits or his ability to collar bears, put cameras in bear dens and how often he can visit bear dens to take blood samples and check on other things. Absolutely. He is afraid the DNR, for reasons none of us can figure out, because I see no downside to it), will take away some of his privileges.

Questions: is Dr. Rogers afraid that if he supports any petition or letter writing campaign that he might loose his privileges. Yes. That is why he publicly came out and said that no was not the time to do anything.

Question: Is Dr. Rogers afraid that the DNR is going to take away some of his privileges. YES


At one point last year Dr. Rogers told me he thought I was just the person needed to get protection for the bears, because I am a hunter, I am a researcher, I understand what he is doing and his research methods, I see the advantages of and the need for his type of ‘hands on" research", and because I am known to some people, might be able to do whatever it was to get a bill passed to get protection for the bears.

Question. Has his opinion of me changed. No

Question: Doe the bears still need protection. Yes

Question: Do the bears deserve protection. Absolutely, because they are being used as research subjects, in which we humans gain knowledge of bears, but in return which the bears get nothing, unless we give them protection.

Question: Do People want protection for the bears. Yes, however, some question whether protection of the bears takes precedence over the research. And evidently, some feel that because they believe the research is so important, it should take precedence over the protection of the bears. Each person has to decide which side they want to be on,

Qestion:, Will a Petition, of people from around the world, with numerous signatures, be enough to go the State Legislature of Minnesota and get a bill passed for protection of the bears. I think so, but we will never know if we do not try.

Question", If such a bill is passed will the DNR have to follow its rules, no matter what Commissioner Garber or Dave Garshelis or others want. Absolutely.

Question: Is there a better time to gather signatures for a petition/. No, Due to the killing of Hope by a human, now is the best time to get signatures, because people’s emotions are running high, they may be mad, sad of motivated. Now s the best time, and may be the best opportunity to gather the number of signatures needed to convince legislators to pass a protection bill.

Question: Are there enough people interested in protection for the bears to convince legislators to pass such a bill. There probably are, but only if they all vote together, now, while emotions are high

Question: Do I think we will ever have a better chance to get a bill passed. Absolutely not.

Quesiton:Do I think that if we do not get a petition signed now, that we will be able to get enough signatures at some later date to get a protection bill passed. No, I think our best chance is now, and it may be our only chance, because we have seen that even as hard as we tried to get a bill passed last year, we could not get it done.

Question: Will the DNR punish Dr. Rogers for the actions of someone who went against Dr. Rogers wishes. I do not think they will. And if ,they do I believe there will be enough of a public outcry, that they will be forced to help Dr. Rogers in his research studies.

Question: Do you intend to send letters, comments or a petition to the DNR. NO, The DNR has shown itself to be inflexible, and unwilling to listen to the citizens of Minnesota and the world, Therefore I believe it is best to work with the Legislature of the State of Minnesota to get a bill passed granting protection from hunting.

Question: Do I intend to use the petition now. No, I do not intend to use the petition at all if Dr. Rogers can keep his privileges to research bears. I will only use it if some of this privileges are taken away, and even then I will not use it until after the Legislature is in session sometime after the first of the year (2012). If the DNR in their wisdom, takes away some of Dr. Rogers research privileges I will immediately take the petition to the Legislature and try to get a bill passed to protect the research bears.


So – I guess it is up to each individual to decide if they really want protection for research bears, that are being used by humans. Each of us will have to decide whether we are willing to pass up our best chance of getting protection for the bears, or are we willing to settle for complacency, and waiting to see if the DNR will take away some privileges of Dr. Rogers. Is it the bears you care about more – or the research?

If you want protection for the bears, now is the time to sign the petition. If you do not want to sign the petition, and are willing to wait to see what the DNR is going to do anyhow, then do not sign the petition.


Question: Do I think there are enough people who want to protect the bears at all cost, who have "liked" the "Protect Minnesota’s Research Bears" on Facebook, to get the number of signatures I think it will take to convince the Legislators that the bears need protection. NO. There were not enough people here before the split came between those who want to protect the bears and those who want to protect Dr. Roger’s research.

So – what can we do. Well we can try to get as many people from the Lucy the Black Bear page to sign the petition, and get as many of our friends to sign it that we reach my stated goal of 10,000 signatures. AT last glance there wee about 1,000 signature on the petition. So if each one of us will contact10 of our friends and ask them to sign the petition, and then go over to the Lucy the Black Bear page, and private message 10 people there, I think we can get about a 50%^ positive rate for signatures, which will get us to 10,000 signatures. Since I am not going to use the petition if I don’t have to, but I’m pretty sure I will, and not until after the first of the year, we have almost three months to reach that goal. Three months means 3,333 signature per month or 111 signatures per day (if my math is correct). I think we can do it.


So who is with me (‘cause I cannot do it alone) - in an effort to get 10,000 signatures on a petition to Protect Minnesota’s Research Bears – and use it only if it is needed – after the Legislature is in session next year?


God bless,




Here is the link for the petition to "Protect Minnesota’s Research Bears" Ask 10 of your friends to sign it, please – for the bears – and hopefullyfor the continuation of  Dr. Rogers’ research..


Due to the high emotions on this issue - I will not be answering most questions, I ask you to be polite, be respecful of the view of others, and to stay ontopic - or I will ask the moderator to delete your post.





How HOPE got Named

Posted by: T.R. Michels Updated: October 4, 2011 - 7:07 PM

I thought some of you might like to read this.


Greetings! Mr. Michels,
I am so glad to read your post in regards to the worlds precious Hope. To those that blame Dr. Rogers for naming Hope, he is not to blame for the naming of this bear. True he and Sue and the others name the bears which is normal for researchers to do, but I don't want him blamed as he has been for naming Hope. Cub Foods sponsored a contest and I Cathy Williamson named her Hope for a very special reason. That was for hope that the research of Dr. Rogers could continue, hope for the NABC, WRI, and the hope that was brought for everything. In Hopes short life she taught us many things and still had many things to teach us.

I am not against hunting, I was born and raised on a farm; however I myself do not hunt. I just find it unethical that this hunter chose this yearling. I do wish MN would protect research bears period! I feel sorry for Dr. Rogers as it seems, he gets chastised by different entities and I do not want to jeopardize his research in any way, shape or form. I felt a special bond with Hope as many thousands did, but mine was even different because I named her and for me that was more than winning any lottery.

I wanted it to bring Hope for all Dr. Rogers research and bears period. In the end hope will prevail I honestly believe and the research will move forward. It is troublesome for me that we won't get a chance to see how much more Hope would teach us, and it was interesting because this was the first time they had been able to research on a mixed age family, so education, science, etc. has suffered a tremendous blow. That is why I would like to see the hunting laws "tweaked" a bit. I will copy and paste what I posted at Lilys FB page as to what Hope Stood For. Thanks for reading this.
Cathy Williamson 

Greetings to everyone reading this letter. Perhaps I should introduce myself, my name is Cathy Williamson, and I reside in the state of Indiana, however I have numerous relatives residing in Minnesota. Many of you know this, but for those who do not I am the person that won a contest sponsored by Cub Foods that named our precious cub “Hope.” Therefore, I come with a heavy heart knowing that our precious Hope now resides at Rainbow Bridge. Before going any further, I want to thank Dr. Rogers for the privilege of earning that title, because if not for him and the crew at NABC it would not have happened. I must thank Lily, as she is the one that gave birth to Hope before our eyes. I did not expect to win; in fact, that was the last thing on my mind. I did not seek notoriety or fame, instead I entered the name “Hope” because to me it meant hope for the NABC, WRI, Doc, Sue and the rest of the crew and most importantly all the bears. Hope that the research would continue.
Educate everyone about these beautiful animals the North American black bear. It also brought hope to the lives of many by watching all of this via the den cam and we found ourselves not concentrating so much on our own problems. With that said around March 3rd of 2010, that her name was Hope. It has been an amazing journey for all involved and amazing how one bear without any of us touching her managed to touch the hearts, souls, and minds of thousands of people! I will not let my journey end with this tragedy! I know emotions are running high at this time, which is understandable, but we must never forget what Hope really stood for, because I for one want to see this research continue and the various education programs that Doc has worked so hard for during his life. 
We learnt many things from Hope, she taught us about the birth of a cub, survived being lost, she got along well with her siblings, and now she is teaching us loss. This is devastating for me, as I never wanted Hopes life to end this way. I wanted Hope to go on forever in the flesh, but the stark reality was that this was a possibility. I guess one that I kept buried away thinking I would never have to face that with Hope. I reiterate again Hope our bear is lost, but what she stood for remains. I cannot imagine what Doc, Sue, and all involved with the research, and education are going through. I know it is terrible, because look at how it has affected us.
We are a loving bunch of people here and we must remember that saying “united we stand, but divided we fall”, so we must be united with all involved. We may have lost Hope our bear, but we are not losing hope, as the hope for continued research will prevail. The dictionary defines the word hope as” to cherish a desire with anticipation, to desire with expectation of obtainment, to expect with confidence” (Merriam-Webster, 2011). That dictionary definition speaks of what I feel for the NABC and I am sure you do as well. We desire all of Doc’s research with anticipation, we always expect Doc to obtain desired research, and we all know Doc is confident in all he does. I might add that goes for Sue and all involved at the NABC and WRI. I feel Doc and all done all they could for Hope as they do with all the research bears, there is only so much that is allowed for Doc to do, and we would never want to see his research jeopardized if he stepped over certain laws that are in place.
With that said, I would like to see the laws “tweaked” a bit to ensure protecting the research bears, because we all have so much to learn from these animals. I might add at this point in this letter that no, this is not a slam to any hunter. I know some enjoy the sport of hunting and that is their right, just because I am not a hunter I cannot “slam” those that do as long as they abide by the proper laws. I am just saying I would like the laws changed so that research bears protected. There is not anymore to learn from a research bear that is lost (or any other research animal), and I desire to learn. I feel bad for Lily and Faith too, because animals do know when one is lost, so it will be interesting to see if Faiths actions are like that of Hopes as she is growing up. I have seen mention of perhaps a scholarship fund in Hopes honor and I think that would be wonderful.
I think the idea of a Memory Garden would be wonderful. There are many ways to keep Hope alive for the NABC and WRI. I will treasure every moment that we had with Hope and all that she taught us. I will keep these memories tucked safely in my heart because that is where I keep my valuables. I will continue my hope for the research as what the name intended. No amount of words I say or what I say will ever be enough, but I do want to extend my deepest sympathy to Doc, Sue, and all involved and remember as the song states “walk on, walk on, with hope in your heart and you will never walk alone”, we will all be beside you united.
I extend my sympathy to all the other fans, friends as we are a huge family united and bonded and we must stay that way. I like all of you are still trying to come to understand this loss and why. We will never know why, so we must forge on and since we were united and Hope was quite a character if she could talk I think she would be telling all of us this from the words of a song titled Get
Together by the Youngbloods: “Come on people now
smile on your brother
everybody get together
and try to love one another right now” (Powers, C., 1963).
With that said, I know the true supporters we are will do just that. Thanks for reading if you did and I will always be supporting this research in one way or another and always be a “Bear Head” and here for are united family.

Cathy Williamson
Hopes (Godmother in a special way)

Go on the Protect Minnesota's Reserch Bears page on Facebook, and sign the petitiion, please.




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