How to ... wade fish for largemouth bass and more

  • Article by: BILL MARCHEL SPECIAL TO THE STAR TRIBUNE
  • Updated: June 19, 2014 - 2:07 PM

Late afternoon is usually the best time for wade fishing. Bass are often found feeding in shallow water just before and after sunset.

Photo: Photo by Bill Marchel • Special to the Star Tribune,

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The Land of 10,000 Lakes isn’t just for boat owners. Good fishing is available to anyone willing to don a pair of waders or hip boots.

When I was a kid, my family didn’t own a fishing boat. So I learned to fish on my feet. Wade fishing is an affordable option because minimal equipment is needed. It’s also a simple, back-to-nature way of fishing. When the sun sinks low and the water goes flat, your only company will be beautiful scenery and wildlife.

Just last week I slipped into my waders on a warm evening and eagerly splashed into a lake not far from my home near Brainerd. Within minutes I had already caught my first fish, a feisty largemouth bass that weighed close to 3 pounds. I caught the bass using a floating frog imitation. A few minutes later, another fish blasted my surface lure. I set the hook and reeled in a similar sized largemouth.

Most wading anglers seek largemouth bass, although panfish, pike and even walleyes can be caught without the aid of a boat. I prefer to wade fish for largemouth bass. There’s something special about sneaking among the bulrushes, waist deep in a bass haunt, while attempting to place accurate casts and anticipating a big bass gulping your offering.

In shallow hard-to-reach areas, a wading angler actually has an advantage over those in a boat. Trolling motors bog down in heavy vegetation (only the most die-hard anglers are known to pack push poles). Maneuvering a boat quietly into secluded bass haunts is nearly impossible whereas a wading angler can easily approach without spooking the fish.

Another attractive aspect of wade fishing is the wildlife watching. On my recent evening foray, I jumped several species of ducks from the bulrushes. Other wildlife flourished along the lakeshore. Red-winged blackbirds were my constant companions. The males flashed their scarlet wing patches as they sang their territorial song from swaying perches. I encountered herons, loons and, of course, those noisy red-necked grebes.

To increase my odds of catching fish, I always watch for signs of feeding bass. Minnows or small panfish hurtling through the air like tiny sailfish are usually being chased by a predator — most likely a bass. Listen for largemouth as they break the water’s surface in pursuit of dragonflies, or loudly slurp down a frog or other prey.

I cast my lure toward any action. Those disturbances can be as obvious as a huge boil or as subtle as a slight twitch of a bulrush.

Since most shallow-water largemouth will gravitate to some type of vegetation, heavy fishing tackle is required to land the fish. When you are belly-deep in water, a long rod with a stiff backbone is needed to get a bass’ head above water. A largemouth that is allowed to burrow into the bulrushes will wrap up and escape. My casting reel is filled with 30-pound test braided line and I employ a 7 ½-foot-long heavy action rod.

Bill Marchel, an outdoors writer and photographer, lives near Brainerd.

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