Law change removes incentive to place land in easement

  • Updated: August 3, 2013 - 11:27 PM

Property taxes no longer will be reduced for setting land aside.

Tim Hayden had planned to enroll 150 acres of his western Minnesota farm in a permanent conservation easement, planting it to grassland that would reduce flooding and erosion while providing wildlife habitat — forever.

Hayden would have received a lump-sum payment, and his property taxes likely would have fallen, reflecting the reduced value of the agricultural land that no longer could be farmed.

But today, the deal is dead.

“I’d have to be nuts to do it now,’’ said Hayden, 53, of rural Canby, Minn.

That’s because a little-known change to state law made by the Legislature last session says values of property enrolled in conservation easements “shall not” be reduced by county assessors, except in some cases. So Hayden’s land would continue to be valued — and taxed — as prime agricultural land, worth perhaps $6,300 an acre, instead of roughly $1,200 an acre as recreational hunting land.

State conservation leaders for state agencies and nonprofit conservation groups say the change is a deal-breaker — a major blow to conserving Minnesota’s natural resources — and will discourage both agricultural landowners in the south and forest landowners in the north from enrolling in such easements.

“It will have significant ramifications,’’ said Bill Penning, a conservation easement manager with the Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources (BWSR). “There will be less financial incentive for landowners to enroll because they won’t get the tax break, and there also will be a philosophical reason they don’t want to do it. They’ll say ‘I’m devaluing my land, giving up some of my rights, but they’re going to tax me for rights I don’t have any more?’ They’ll say that’s not fair.’’

But Sen. Rod Skoe, DFL-Clearbrook, one of the bill’s authors, said the change will make the property tax burden more fair. The law went into effect May 23 and covers new easements, not existing ones, Skoe said.

“The conservation easement pays them [landowners] for the reduction in value,’’ said Skoe. “To then get a reduction in property taxes is like double-dipping. I’ve never understood why [owners of] conservation easement land should shift their property tax burden onto their neighbor. I think it’s more fair this way.’’

However, Minnesota is the only state to have such a policy. And the new law, passed as part of the huge tax bill, is a 180-degree turnaround in state policy. In 1981, language was enacted saying that land with conservation restrictions “shall’’ be entitled to reduced valuation. In 2008, the language was changed to say the value of such lands “may be adjusted’’ by assessors. The new law says values “shall not be reduced.’’

“The other 49 states have not gone in this direction,’’ said John Curry, associate director at Minnesota Land Trust, which has used easements to protect forest, prairie, shore land and wetlands with about 460 landowners covering 42,000 acres. Other groups, including Ducks Unlimited and Pheasants Forever, and other government agencies, including BWSR, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and cities and counties, utilize easements to protect sensitive lands. In all, state-funded conservation easements protect about 600,000 acres.

And some landowners aren’t paid for their easements, said Curry.

“We work with landowners who are primarily motivated by conservation, and wanting to pass on the beauty of nature to the next generation. If they see potential tax advantages, it’s really helpful. We’re really concerned it [the new law] will have a chilling effect on signing up landowners.’’

Among the biggest programs that will be affected, officials say, are the state Reinvest in Minnesota (RIM) and federal Wetland Reserve Program (WRP), which often are used in combination to purchase permanent conservation easements. Since RIM started in 1986, the state has acquired about 6,000 easements covering about 250,000 acres.

“It very likely will be a deterrent,’’ said Sarah Strommen, assistant director for BWSR. She said the agency signs about 300 easements a year, covering about 12,000 acres.

Others who work closely with landowners say the same.

“It’s our major program that is actually having a significant impact on water quality, quantity and wildlife habitat,’’ said Tom Kalahar, a technician with the Renville County Soil and Water Conservation District. “You take that out of our toolbox, and we don’t have much left. This will stop most if not all wetland and prairie restorations in Minnesota.’’

Said Jon Schneider, Ducks Unlimited manager of conservation programs in Minnesota: “We are very concerned about it. We need to limit the number of barriers there are to enrolling people in conservation programs.’’

  • get related content delivered to your inbox

  • manage my email subscriptions

Click here to send us your hunting or fishing photos – and to see what others are showing off from around the region.

ADVERTISEMENT

San Francisco - WP: M. Bumgarner 8 FINAL
Pittsburgh - LP: E. Volquez 0
Minnesota 7:25 PM
Green Bay
Buffalo 10/5/14 12:00 PM
Detroit
Chicago 10/5/14 12:00 PM
Carolina
Cleveland 10/5/14 12:00 PM
Tennessee
St. Louis 10/5/14 12:00 PM
Philadelphia
Atlanta 10/5/14 12:00 PM
NY Giants
Tampa Bay 10/5/14 12:00 PM
New Orleans
Houston 10/5/14 12:00 PM
Dallas
Baltimore 10/5/14 12:00 PM
Indianapolis
Pittsburgh 10/5/14 12:00 PM
Jacksonville
Arizona 10/5/14 3:05 PM
Denver
Kansas City 10/5/14 3:25 PM
San Francisco
NY Jets 10/5/14 3:25 PM
San Diego
Cincinnati 10/5/14 7:30 PM
New England
Seattle 10/6/14 7:30 PM
Washington
Washington 1 FINAL
Buffalo 6
Carolina 3 FINAL
Columbus 6
Pittsburgh 2 FINAL
Detroit 0
Montreal 3 FINAL
Chicago 1
Arizona 2 FINAL
Edmonton 3
Fla Atlantic 6:00 PM
FIU
UCF 6:00 PM
Houston
Arizona 9:30 PM
(2) Oregon
Louisville 10/3/14 6:00 PM
Syracuse
San Diego St 10/3/14 9:00 PM
Fresno State
Utah State 10/3/14 9:15 PM
(18) BYU
(6) Texas A&M 10/4/14 11:00 AM
(12) Miss State
Ball State 10/4/14 11:00 AM
Army
Iowa State 10/4/14 11:00 AM
(21) Oklahoma State
Marshall 10/4/14 11:00 AM
Old Dominion
Southern Miss 10/4/14 11:00 AM
Middle Tennessee
(20) Ohio State 10/4/14 11:00 AM
Maryland
Purdue 10/4/14 11:00 AM
Illinois
Florida 10/4/14 11:00 AM
Tennessee
SMU 10/4/14 11:00 AM
(22) East Carolina
Virginia Tech 10/4/14 11:30 AM
North Carolina
Eastern Mich 10/4/14 1:00 PM
Akron
North Texas 10/4/14 1:30 PM
Indiana
Massachusetts 10/4/14 1:30 PM
Miami-Ohio
Tulsa 10/4/14 2:00 PM
Colorado State
New Mexico 10/4/14 2:30 PM
TX-San Antonio
(3) Alabama 10/4/14 2:30 PM
(11) Ole Miss
(14) Stanford 10/4/14 2:30 PM
(9) Notre Dame
(17) Wisconsin 10/4/14 2:30 PM
Northwestern
Navy 10/4/14 2:30 PM
Air Force
(7) Baylor 10/4/14 2:30 PM
Texas
(4) Oklahoma 10/4/14 2:30 PM
(25) TCU
Wake Forest 10/4/14 2:30 PM
(1) Florida State
NC State 10/4/14 2:30 PM
Clemson
Buffalo 10/4/14 2:30 PM
Bowling Green
Ohio U 10/4/14 2:30 PM
Central Mich
Oregon State 10/4/14 3:00 PM
Colorado
Vanderbilt 10/4/14 3:00 PM
(13) Georgia
Kansas 10/4/14 3:00 PM
West Virginia
Kent State 10/4/14 4:00 PM
Northern Ill
South Alabama 10/4/14 5:00 PM
Appalachian St
Texas-El Paso 10/4/14 6:00 PM
Louisiana Tech
(15) LSU 10/4/14 6:00 PM
(5) Auburn
UAB 10/4/14 6:00 PM
Western Ky
Texas Tech 10/4/14 6:00 PM
(23) Kansas State
Michigan 10/4/14 6:00 PM
Rutgers
Hawaii 10/4/14 6:00 PM
Rice
Toledo 10/4/14 6:00 PM
Western Mich
ULM 10/4/14 6:00 PM
Arkansas State
Georgia State 10/4/14 6:00 PM
Louisiana
Idaho 10/4/14 6:00 PM
Texas State
Memphis 10/4/14 6:00 PM
Cincinnati
Arizona State 10/4/14 6:30 PM
(16) USC
So Carolina 10/4/14 6:30 PM
Kentucky
Pittsburgh 10/4/14 6:30 PM
Virginia
Miami-Florida 10/4/14 6:30 PM
Georgia Tech
(19) Nebraska 10/4/14 7:00 PM
(10) Michigan State
UNLV 10/4/14 7:00 PM
San Jose St
Ga Southern 10/4/14 7:00 PM
New Mexico St
California 10/4/14 9:30 PM
Washington St
Utah 10/4/14 9:30 PM
(8) UCLA
Boise State 10/4/14 9:30 PM
Nevada
Winnipeg 10/3/14 6:00 PM
Ottawa
Calgary 10/3/14 9:00 PM
Saskatchewan
Edmonton 10/4/14 3:00 PM
Toronto
Brt Columbia 10/4/14 6:00 PM
Hamilton
Hamilton 10/10/14 6:00 PM
Toronto
Ottawa 10/11/14 9:00 PM
Brt Columbia
Connect with twitterConnect with facebookConnect with Google+Connect with PinterestConnect with PinterestConnect with RssfeedConnect with email newsletters

ADVERTISEMENT

ADVERTISEMENT

ADVERTISEMENT

ADVERTISEMENT

question of the day

Poll: Should the lake where the albino muskie was caught remain a mystery?

Weekly Question

ADVERTISEMENT

 
Close