GULLANE, Scotland — Pragmatic yet defiant, the head of the Royal & Ancient issued a Hootie Johnson-like salvo in the latest battleground over male-only golf clubs: The British Open will not yield to pressure over three of its venerable clubs refusing to admit female members.
The way Peter Dawson looks at it, to compare this to racial or religious discrimination is "absurd."
At his customary news conference on the eve of the British Open, the R&A chief executive faced a barrage of questions Wednesday about the no-women-allowed membership at Muirfield and two of the other nine venues in the tournament rotation, Troon and Royal St. George's.
He was prepared for the issue, reading from notes that made it clear he believes single-sex clubs do little harm to the game and have largely been targeted by the media, politicians and interest groups.
"Obviously the whole issue of gender and single-sex clubs has been pretty much beaten to death recently," Dawson said. "And we do, I assure you, understand that this is divisive. It's a subject that we're finding increasingly difficult, to be honest."
One reporter, touching on the racial discrimination that once pervaded the game, asked Dawson what was the difference between a male-only club and one that allowed only whites to join.
"Oh, goodness me, I think that's a ridiculous question," he replied. "There's a massive difference between racial discrimination, anti-Semitism, where sectors of society are downtrodden and treated very, very badly indeed. And to compare that with a men's golf club, I think, is frankly absurd. There's no comparison whatsoever."
He later added: "It's just kind of, for some people, a way of life that they rather like. I don't think in doing that they're intending to (bring) others down or intending to do others any harm."
Dawson disputed any suggestion that male-only clubs stifle the growth of the sport. Still, he knows it will continue to be a point of contention — especially since Augusta National admitted its first female members last year — so the organization that governs golf outside the U.S. and Mexico plans to take it up once the Open is completed.
He wouldn't say what steps might be taken.
"Our natural reaction is to resist these pressures, because we actually don't think they have very much substance," Dawson said. "But I'd like to stress we're not so insular as to fail to recognize the potential damage that campaigns like this can do to the Open championship. And it is our championship committee's responsibility to do what is best for the Open, and to maximize the benefits which the Open brings, not just to golf, but also to the local area."
The debate has lurked over golf since Martha Burk and her women's advocacy group targeted the home of the Masters in 2002 for admitting only men as members. Then-chairman Johnson famously said the club would not be bullied into accepting women "at the point of a bayonet," even at the cost of cutting loose television sponsors for two years.
Eleven months ago, with no advance notice and an understated announcement, Augusta National invited former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and South Carolina financier Darla Moore to become members. Tiger Woods called the move "important to golf," and now the battle has moved across the pond to the oldest of golf's four majors.
Dawson said the issue will be addressed.
Just not right now.
"When things are a bit quieter, after the championship," he said, "I'm quite sure we'll be taking a look at everything to see what kind of sense we can make of it for the future. But I think right now our concentration has to be on this wonderful event and making it a success."
Eleven of the 24 questions to Dawson during the half-hour news conference involved male-only clubs or related issues. Most golfers have shied away from the debate leading up to the Open, including top-ranked Woods.
When Rory McIlroy, the world's No. 2 player, was first asked about it Wednesday, there was a long pause and a forced smile before he said, "Muirfield is a great golf course."
|Los Angeles - LP: B. Wilson||7||FINAL|
|Chicago Cubs - WP: J. Grimm||8|
|Detroit - WP: M. Scherzer||3||FINAL|
|Kansas City - LP: J. Shields||2|
|Philadelphia - WP: J. Williams||3||FINAL|
|Oakland - LP: D. Otero||0|
|Toronto - WP: M. Stroman||6||FINAL|
|NY Yankees - LP: C. Capuano||3|
|Arizona - LP: T. Cahill||1||FINAL|
|Colorado - WP: E. Butler||5|
|Boston - LP: R. De La Rosa||2||FINAL|
|Baltimore - WP: C. Tillman||7|
|Milwaukee - WP: Z. Duke||1||FINAL|
|Pittsburgh - LP: M. Melancon||0|
|Washington - WP: J. Zimmermann||3||FINAL|
|Miami - LP: J. Cosart||2|
|NY Mets - WP: J. Niese||4||FINAL|
|Atlanta - LP: M. Minor||2|
|Chicago WSox - LP: H. Noesi||1||FINAL|
|Tampa Bay - WP: C. Archer||3|
|Cleveland - WP: T. House||7||FINAL|
|Minnesota - LP: T. May||3|
|Seattle - LP: C. Young||1||FINAL|
|Houston - WP: D. Keuchel||10|
|Cincinnati - LP: M. Leake||4||FINAL|
|St. Louis - WP: J. Motte||8|
|San Francisco - LP: Y. Petit||2||FINAL|
|San Diego - WP: A. Cashner||3|
|Texas - LP: C. Lewis||5||FINAL|
|LA Angels - WP: J. Weaver||8|
|San Diego||9/21/14 12:00 PM|
|Dallas||9/21/14 12:00 PM|
|Washington||9/21/14 12:00 PM|
|Houston||9/21/14 12:00 PM|
|Minnesota||9/21/14 12:00 PM|
|Tennessee||9/21/14 12:00 PM|
|Baltimore||9/21/14 12:00 PM|
|Green Bay||9/21/14 12:00 PM|
|Indianapolis||9/21/14 12:00 PM|
|Oakland||9/21/14 12:00 PM|
|San Francisco||9/21/14 3:05 PM|
|Denver||9/21/14 3:25 PM|
|Kansas City||9/21/14 3:25 PM|
|Pittsburgh||9/21/14 7:30 PM|
|Chicago||9/22/14 7:30 PM|
|NY Giants||9/25/14 7:25 PM|
|(11) Michigan State||73|
|(6) Texas A&M||58||FINAL|
|San Jose St||7||FINAL|
|Ball State||16||4th Qtr 15:00|
|(14) So Carolina||48||FINAL|
|New Mexico St||35|
|(1) Florida State||23|
|California||28||3rd Qtr 11:25|
|San Diego St||7||3rd Qtr|
|(2) Oregon||21||3rd Qtr|
|Louisiana||3||2nd Qtr 1:08|
|Texas Tech||9/25/14 6:30 PM|
|(25) Oklahoma State|
|Appalachian St||9/25/14 6:30 PM|
|(12) UCLA||9/25/14 9:00 PM|
|(15) Arizona State|
|Middle Tennessee||9/26/14 7:00 PM|
|Fresno State||9/26/14 7:00 PM|
|(1) Florida State||9/27/14 2:00 AM|
|Duke||9/27/14 2:00 AM|
|North Carolina||9/27/14 2:00 AM|
|Texas-El Paso||9/27/14 11:00 AM|
|(20) Kansas State|
|Tennessee||9/27/14 11:00 AM|
|Vanderbilt||9/27/14 11:00 AM|
|Wyoming||9/27/14 11:00 AM|
|(11) Michigan State|
|Northwestern||9/27/14 11:00 AM|
|TCU||9/27/14 11:00 AM|
|Iowa||9/27/14 11:00 AM|
|Tulane||9/27/14 11:00 AM|
|So Florida||9/27/14 11:00 AM|
|Colorado State||9/27/14 11:30 AM|
|Western Mich||9/27/14 11:30 AM|
|Maryland||9/27/14 12:30 PM|
|Akron||9/27/14 12:30 PM|
|Bowling Green||9/27/14 2:00 PM|
|Arkansas||9/27/14 2:30 PM|
|(6) Texas A&M|
|Kent State||9/27/14 2:30 PM|
|Western Ky||9/27/14 2:30 PM|
|Minnesota||9/27/14 2:30 PM|
|Wake Forest||9/27/14 2:30 PM|
|FIU||9/27/14 2:30 PM|
|Miami-Ohio||9/27/14 2:30 PM|
|Colorado||9/27/14 3:00 PM|
|Louisiana Tech||9/27/14 3:00 PM|
|Texas||9/27/14 3:00 PM|
|Temple||9/27/14 3:00 PM|
|(16) Stanford||9/27/14 3:15 PM|
|TX-San Antonio||9/27/14 4:00 PM|
|South Alabama||9/27/14 4:00 PM|
|Cincinnati||9/27/14 5:00 PM|
|(23) Ohio State|
|Rice||9/27/14 6:00 PM|
|(18) Missouri||9/27/14 6:00 PM|
|(14) So Carolina|
|Boise State||9/27/14 6:00 PM|
|Central Mich||9/27/14 6:00 PM|
|Troy||9/27/14 6:00 PM|
|New Mexico St||9/27/14 6:30 PM|
|Memphis||9/27/14 6:30 PM|
|(10) Ole Miss|
|Texas State||9/27/14 7:00 PM|
|Washington St||9/27/14 7:00 PM|
|(9) Notre Dame||9/27/14 7:00 PM|
|(7) Baylor||9/27/14 7:00 PM|
|UNLV||9/27/14 7:00 PM|
|San Diego St|
|Illinois||9/27/14 8:00 PM|
|Oregon State||9/27/14 9:30 PM|
|Nevada||9/27/14 9:30 PM|
|San Jose St|
|Red Bull New York||4|
|FC Dallas||1||2nd Half 25:00|
|Calgary||9/21/14 12:00 PM|
|Ottawa||9/21/14 3:00 PM|