The Minnesota DNR said the state's three-day opening weekend firearms deer harvest was down 8 percent from 2012, citing strong winds in parts of the state as a possible explanation.
Minnesota hunters harvested 77,008 deer during the period.
“Last year, opening weekend weather was almost ideal and the state’s corn harvest was virtually complete, Leslie McInenly, DNR big game program leader, said. “So given Saturday’s roaring winds of up to 30 miles per hour, which tends to restrict deer movement, and more available deer refuge areas due to pockets of standing corn, the harvest is about what you’d expect.”
In some areas, she said, about a quarter of the corn crop was not yet harvested.
Also from the DNR:
The DNR had sold 445,385 firearms deer licenses as of Monday, about 1,000 fewer than last year but roughly 10,000 more than 2011.
Around the state, opening day hunting conditions included snow in the north and gusty winds and overcast skies most everywhere, turning nicer on Sunday. The harvest was down 19 percent in the northeast, 4 percent in the southeast and 6 percent for the remainder of the state. Because hunters have 48 hours to register a harvested deer, final opening weekend numbers for 2013 will be greater than those reported today.
With improving weather conditions this week, the DNR still expects the final 2013 harvest to be similar to last year when about 185,000 deer were taken.
The firearms season continues through Sunday for all but northeast Minnesota, which extends until Nov. 24. There is also a late southeast firearms season that runs Nov. 23-Dec. 1.
The DNR reminds hunters who harvest a deer to tag it at the kill site. Also, hunters are required to register their deer within 48 hours after harvest and before processing.
It's interesting that purchasers of Minnesota cabins or lakeshore homes often make decisions whether to buy or not — and what to buy — based on the lot and structure, and less so on the lake.
But in fact, consideration of a lake's particulars is crucial, not only to understanding which fish and other critters live in it, but also to appreciate whether the new property might rise in value over time, or, conversely, fall in value.
The state's problems with invasive species such as Asian carp and zebra mussels make the point. Both potentially affect rivers and lakes, sometimes in ways that are not yet fully understood. Lakeshore buyers should understand this, and investigate its possible consequences on the lake for recreation, including fishing.
A step in the direction of becoming better educated is available at the DNR State Fair Building this year, where fish tanks display typical waters and fish species from different parts of the state.
These include a northern Minnesota lake tank, a central Minnesota tank, a southwestern Minnesota tank, and tanks each from southeastern Minnesota trout streams and warm-cool water large rivers, such as the Mississippi.
Each plays host to a variety of fish, some of which overlap in waters throughout the state. But some others don't.
To my mind, understanding these lake and river types, and basing lake home or cabin purchase decisions on these understandings, should be the first consideration made by prospective buyers, and lot size and type, and structure size and type, should follow.
The DNR announced on Monday survey results for state breeding ducks and geese, and also its ruffed grouse count. The agency also released details of the state's first August goose hunt.
From the DNR:
The state’s estimated breeding duck population was 683,000, the DNR announced Monday, compared with last year’s estimate of 469,000. This year’s estimate is 10 percent above the long-term average of 620,000 breeding ducks.
This year’s mallard breeding population was estimated at 293,000, 30 percent above last year’s estimate of 225,000 breeding mallards, 14 percent above the recent 10-year average and 30 percent above the long-term average.
The blue-winged teal population was 144,000 compared with 109,000 in 2012 but remained 33 percent below the long-term average of 216,000.
The combined populations of other ducks, such as wood ducks, ring-necked ducks, gadwalls, northern shovelers, canvasbacks and redheads was 246,000, This was 82 percent higher than last year and 39 percent above the long-term average.
The estimated number of wetlands was 258,000, up 13 percent from last year, and 2 percent above the long-term average. “Although wetland numbers were average, conditions changed from extremely dry before May 1 to fairly wet by the end of May in most of the state,” said Steve Cordts, DNR waterfowl specialist.
“Also, in a normal year, ducks begin arriving back to Minnesota in April or early May to begin the nesting season,” Cordts said. “But with record late ice-out and significant snow cover present in some areas until early May, the spring migration and nesting season were delayed so we had to delay the survey about two weeks.”
Meanwhile, this year’s Canada goose population was estimated at 250,000, which was considerably less than last year’s estimate of 416,000. The number of breeding Canada geese in the state is estimated via a helicopter survey of nesting Canada geese in April. The survey, which includes most of the state except for the Twin Cities metropolitan area, counts Canada geese on randomly selected plots located in prairie, transition and forested areas.
Although this year’s estimate was lower than recent years, much of that change could be the result of the spring weather conditions that may have impacted goose distribution and abundance in the state. Cold temperatures and April snowfall combined with a late ice-out reduced nesting success and effort, reducing the number of goslings. During the past 10 years, the Canada goose population’s average has ranged from 275,000 to 350,000.
“While that should not impact the population in the future, fewer young geese in the early fall usually makes goose hunting more difficult for hunters,” said Paul Telander, DNR wildlife section chief. “The bottom line is our Canada goose population remains higher than we’d like it to be and we’ll continue to maximize hunting opportunities this fall.”
The Minnesota waterfowl report can be viewed online here.
August goose hunt set
Minnesota's first August Canada goose season will be held Saturday, Aug. 10, to Sunday, Aug. 25, the DNR said.
“The state’s Canada goose population is very high and exceeds our statewide goal,” said Cordts. “We have continued agricultural depredation concerns in the western portion of the state with large numbers of Canada geese. This is one more option for us to try and increase our harvest of Canada geese.”
Hunting will be restricted to an intensive harvest zone in west-central Minnesota. The daily bag limit will be 10 Canada geese with no possession limit. Shooting hours will be from one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. A small game hunting license, special goose permit and state waterfowl stamp are required.
Ruffed grouse down
Ruffed grouse drumming counts were down across most of the bird’s range.
“This decrease was not unexpected because the ruffed grouse population is still in the declining phase of its 10-year cycle,” said Charlotte Roy, DNR grouse biologist. “Drum counts peaked most recently in 2009.”
Drumming counts dropped from 1.1 to 0.9 per stop in the northeast, which is the forest bird’s core range in Minnesota. Counts in the northwest declined from 0.9 in 2012 to 0.7 drums per stop in 2013. Drumming counts did not change significantly in the central hardwoods or southeast, with an average of 0.9 and 0.4 drums per stop, respectively.
Ruffed grouse populations, which tend to rise and fall on a 10-year cycle, are surveyed by counting the number of male ruffed grouse heard drumming on established routes throughout the state’s forested regions. Drumming counts are an indicator of the ruffed grouse breeding population.
This year, observers recorded 0.9 drums per stop statewide. The averages during 2011 and 2012 were 1.7 and 1.0 drums per stop, respectively. Counts vary from about 0.8 drums per stop during years of low grouse abundance to about 1.9 during years of high abundance.
The number of birds present during the fall hunting season also depends upon nesting success and chick survival during the spring and summer. Drumming did occur later this year because of the late spring, suggesting that nesting likely occurred later than normal.
Minnesota frequently is the nation’s top ruffed grouse producer. On average, 115,000 hunters harvest 545,000 ruffed grouse in the state each year, making it the state's most popular game bird. During the peak years of 1971 and 1989, hunters harvested more than 1 million ruffed grouse. Michigan and Wisconsin – which frequently field more hunters than Minnesota – round out the top three states in ruffed grouse harvest.
One reason for the Minnesota’s status as a top grouse producer is an abundance of aspen and other ruffed grouse habitat, much of it located on county, state and national forests where public hunting is allowed. An estimated 11.5 million of the state's 16.3 million acres of forest are grouse habitat.
Sharp-tailed grouse counts decrease slightly
Sharp-tailed grouse counts in the northwest, the bird’s primary range in Minnesota, were similar to 2012. Counts in the east-central region declined significantly.
Observers look for male sharptails displaying on traditional mating areas, called leks or dancing grounds.
Despite several years of declining numbers, this year’s statewide average of 9.2 grouse counted per dancing ground was similar to the long-term average since 1980. The 2009 average of 13.6 was as high as during any year since 1980. During the last 25 years, the sharp-tailed grouse index has been as low as seven birds counted per dancing ground.
Overall, sharptail populations appear to have declined over the long term as a result of habitat deterioration. In recent years, the DNR has increased prescribed burning and shearing that keep trees from overtaking the open brush lands that sharp-tailed grouse need to thrive.
Americans who complain about hassles that might occur while crossing into Canada to fish (the photo above is from the Canadian side of Lake of the Woods) or vacation should know that Canadians face challenges of their own when coming to the U.S.
That said, the subject here is crossing into Canada.
Here are a few ways to make the experience pass as smoothly as possible.
• Be prepared. Have your passport (or NEXUS card) ready, and those of any passengers you have in your vehicle.
• Roll the vehicle windows down in advance of pulling up to the Customs booth. Remove your sunglasses. Put your vehicle in "Park'' when you stop.
• Know what you can bring into Canada. Specifically, you likely will be asked about tobacco or alcohol and firearms. Ammunition is likely to come up as well, particularly if you are going to Canada to hunt.
• Fundamental is telling the truth. If you have more alcohol than you're allowed to bring into Canada duty-free, say so. The duty isn't that much. And lying — if you get caught — can cost you a lot of precious travel time, and perhaps more.
• If you're bringing children with you who aren't yours, it's important to have letters from their parents (both should sign, or send separate letters) stating it's OK for the kids to travel.
• Similarly, if you're traveling with your kids, but without their other parent, you'll likely need a note from the missing parent stating it's OK for the kids to travel with you.
• Forget about live bait.
• If you're accompanied by a dog, make sure you've got documentation of vaccination against rabies and a valid health certificate from your veterinarian.
• If you've got a DWI on your record you might be allowed entry at least once, dependent on the specific circumstances of the offense and the discretion of the agent. Other methods of ensuring passage require advance paperwork to be filed.
• Key questions an agent might ask (in some cases already knowing the answer) at the border include, "Have you ever been denied entry to Canada?'' Or, "Have you ever been convicted of a criminal offense?'' Rolling the dice — lying — might possibly get you into the country. More likely is more trouble than you want.
• Upshot: Smile, be polite, don't offer anything that isn't a direct response to a question. The agent might appear to be cold, even rude. But he/she doesn't have an easy job. Like his American counterparts, he's looking for bad guys. And bad guys generally don't raise their hands to identify themselves.
Record use in 2012 of a hotline by law-abiding hunters and anglers to report suspicious game and fish activity led to a 29 percent increase in arrests by conservations officers, the MInnesota Department of Natural Resources says.
Calls to the state's Turn in Poachers (TIP) hotline rose to 2,051 in 2012, a 54 percent increase from 2011, the agency said.
Most of the resulting 359 arrests were tied to deer, fish and waterfowl violations.
The record high number of DNR poaching arrests was 428 in 1991.
“Many good cases are the result of citizens calling the TIP hotline at 800-652-9093,” said Col. Jim Konrad, DNR Enforcement director. "A conservation officer has only one set of eyes and covers 650 square miles. If the public is concerned about natural resources, every person is another set of eyes that can help catch those violating the law.”
According to the DNR, multiple calls to TIP last May helped conservation officer Eric Schettler of Fairmont catch three poachers with 198 crappies more than the legal limit and three walleyes out of season. Restitution and fines totaled $1,550.
Since 1981, TIP has paid nearly $358,000 in rewards for information leading to arrests. Nearly half of informants turn down rewards.
The 24 hour toll-free TIP hotline at 800-652-9093. Cell phone users can dial #TIP.