The Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln, shown patroling in the Arabian Sea, is a bigger version of a lookalike vessel that is being built in an Iranian shipyard. Intelligence experts suspect Iran may be planning to blow up the mock ship for propaganda purposes.
KAROLINA A. MARTINEZ • U.S. Navy via New York Times,
The Iranian ship appears to be a nonworking mock-up of an American nuclear-powered aircraft carrier — sans a nuclear propulsion system and only two-thirds the length.
Iran building mock U.S. naval carrier
- Article by: Eric Schmitt
- New York Times
- March 20, 2014 - 9:23 PM
WASHINGTON – Iran is building a nonworking mock-up of an American nuclear-powered aircraft carrier that U.S. officials say may be intended to be blown up for propaganda value.
Intelligence analysts studying satellite photos of Iranian military installations first noticed the vessel rising from the Gachin shipyard, near Bandar Abbas on the Persian Gulf, last summer. The ship has the same distinctive shape and style of the Navy’s Nimitz-class carriers, as well as the USS Nimitz’s No. 68 neatly painted in white near the bow. Mock aircraft can be seen on the flight deck.
Smaller than a U.S. ship
The Iranian mock ship, which U.S. officials described as more like a barge than a warship, has no nuclear propulsion system and is only about two-thirds the length of a typical 1,100-foot-long Navy carrier. Intelligence officials do not believe that Iran is capable of building an actual aircraft carrier.
“Based on our observations, this is not a functioning aircraft carrier; it’s a large barge built to look like an aircraft carrier,” said Cmdr. Jason Salata, a spokesman for the Navy’s 5th Fleet in Bahrain, across the Persian Gulf from Iran. “We’re not sure what Iran hopes to gain by building this. If it is a big propaganda piece, to what end?”
Whatever the purpose, American officials acknowledged Thursday that they wanted to reveal the existence of the vessel to get the word out ahead of the Iranians.
Navy and other American intelligence analysts surmise that the vessel, which 5th Fleet wags have nicknamed the Target Barge, is something that Iran could tow to sea, anchor and blow up — while filming the whole thing to make a propaganda point, if, say, the talks with the Western powers over Iran’s nuclear program go south.
Iran has previously used barges as targets for missile firings during training exercises, filmed the episodes and then televised them on the state-run news media, Navy officials said.
“It is not surprising that Iranian military forces might use a variety of tactics — including military deception tactics — to strategically communicate and possibly demonstrate their resolve in the region,” said a U.S. official who has closely followed the construction of the mock-up.
But unlike Iran’s efforts to conceal its underground nuclear-related sites, the Iranian navy has taken no steps to cloak from prying Western satellites what it is building pierside at the busy shipyard. “The system is often too opaque to understand who hatched this idea, and whether it was endorsed at the highest levels,” said Karim Sadjadpour, an Iran expert at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Iran has sought to exploit captured or pirated U.S. military technology in the past. Last year, Iran’s political and military elite boasted that their forces had shot down an American intelligence-gathering drone, a remotely piloted Navy vehicle called ScanEagle that they quickly put on display for the Iranian news media.
Navy officials responded that no drones had been shot down by enemy fire, although the Pentagon acknowledged at the time that it had lost a small number of ScanEagles, likely to engine malfunction.
Celebrating new year
Iranian navy officials could not immediately be reached for comment as the country prepared to celebrate its New Year festivities on Friday. U.S. intelligence officials cited a photograph taken Feb. 22 in Bandar Abbas and a brief description in Farsi of the vessel on a website for Iran’s Ministry of Industry, Mines and Trade.
For now, Navy analysts and U.S. intelligence officials say they are not unduly concerned about the mock ship. But the fact that the Iranians are building it, presumably for some mysteriously bellicose purposes, contrasts with the fact that the Iranians stepped back from their typically heavy anti-American posture during a recent naval exercise in the Persian Gulf.
Until recently, Iranian fast-attack boats have harassed American warships, and the government in Tehran has deployed remotely piloted aircraft that carry surveillance pods and that may someday carry rockets.
With Iran’s multiple political bases of power, the government’s purposes can be hard to decipher. After a temporary nuclear agreement was reached in November between the world powers and the moderate government of Iran’s president, Hassan Rouhani, it was unclear to American officials whether Iran’s hard-line Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps might try to provoke a conflict with the U.S. Navy to undercut the accord.
The navy of the Revolutionary Guards consists of fast-attack speedboats with high-powered machine guns and torpedoes, and crews that in the past employed guerrilla tactics, including swarming perilously close to American warships.
When the mock carrier will take its maiden voyage — if it ever does — is anyone’s guess, analysts said. The vessel is nearing completion, they said, and will presumably be shipped by rail on tracks that run through the shipyard to its destiny in the Persian Gulf just a few hundred yards away.
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