Supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi are seen during a protest outside the Republican Guard building in Cairo, Egypt, Sunday, July 7, 2013. . Egypt's new leadership wrangled over the naming of a prime minister, as both the Muslim Brotherhood and their opponents called for new mass rallies Sunday, renewing fears of another round of street violence over the military's ousting of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. The calls for competing rallies come after clashes two days ago between the rival camps left at least 36 dead and more than 1,000 injured nationwide. (AP Photo/Manu Brabo)
Why Egypt action is not a military coup
- July 7, 2013 - 9:59 PM
Like many Americans of Egyptian descent, I watched events surrounding the removal of now-former President Mohammed Morsi with a great deal of perplexity. This stemmed not from uncertainty over the path forward for Egypt, the United States and the region, but from the inability of the American media, especially cable news outlets, to adequately explain the events as a process akin to impeachment.
In the midst of celebrating our wonderful country’s independence, I can understand the challenges of trying to explain a complex narrative in which another country’s first democratically elected president is removed forcibly by the military. I imagine people trying to draw an analogy of Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel giving President Obama his walking papers. Not even Hollywood could pull off a believable scenario in which this country’s military could ever usurp civilian control.
But this simple narrative is misguided. The coverage was not based on a full understanding of the facts, of Egypt’s history or of the recent policies that led to last week’s dramatic action. Here are a few points of clarification that were not mentioned in the coverage:
1) Was Morsi democratically elected? Yes. According to official results, Morsi took 51.7 percent of the vote, garnering 13,230,131 votes.
2) What does the Egyptian Constitution say about impeachment? Article 152 of the Egyptian Constitution states that “A charge of felony or treason against the President of the Republic is to be based on a motion signed by at least one-third of the members of the House of Representatives. An impeachment is to be issued only by a two-thirds majority of the members of the House of Representatives.”
3) Why didn’t the House of Representatives impeach the president? In June 2012, Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court dissolved parliament, citing a misapplication of rules for independent candidates.
4) What prompted so many people to turn out to protest? Given the lack of a constitutionally acceptable mechanism to impeach the sitting president, a nationwide grass-roots movement called “Tamarod,” which means rebellion, collected more than 22 million petitions demanding that the sitting president resign and for new elections to take place.
It was reported that as many as 33 million Egyptians were in the streets last Wednesday in support of Tamarod’s petition calling for the president to step down. This even prompted some right-wing media outlets to declare that this was the largest protest in human history.
In their attempt to try to provide a context for the events and its implications, the American cable news networks seemed so quick to try to define the removal of Morsi in the narrowest term as a coup d’etat. This term, suggestive of banana republic regimes, assigns the military the role as a bad, nefarious actor usurping the power of the people. In many cases, cable news anchors repeatedly issued factually incorrect statements about the Egyptian military, the most egregious being that it was behind the battle for Tahrir during the January 2011 revolution, when thugs on horses wielding clubs and batons attacked peaceful protesters.
Last week’s removal was not a coup in the traditional sense, with the Egyptian military removing the democratically elected president and installing itself as the ruling power. Rather, the military was an extension of the will of nearly 33 million Egyptians who have explicitly indicated they have lost confidence in their leader but lacked any mechanism to act on that sentiment.
Rather than assume power, the military is deferring to the rule of law, installing the chief justice to serve as an interim president until new elections are held.
To me, this is not a military coup, but a “democratic coup.”
Bass Zanjani, of Edina, works for an investment firm and is a former aide to U.S. Rep. Keith Ellison and other officeholders.
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