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Two Libyan girls ran with national flags recently in front of the remnants of one of deposed leader Moammar Gadhafi’s offices. The country is still trying to overcome the legacy of his dictatorial rule.

Paul Schemm, Associated Press

The IDs of the General National Congress were checked prior to the group’s gathering in Tripoli. Security isn’t what is used to be.

Gaia Anderson, Associated Press

Libya mirrors successes, failures of Arab Spring

  • Article by: ABIGAIL HAUSLOHNER
  • Washington Post
  • November 21, 2012 - 4:12 PM

TRIPOLI, LIBYA - Fuad Gritla, the morning host on Radio Zone 100.7 FM, knows his listeners in Libya's capital are grouchy, and he's trying to help.

Tripoli has not witnessed the change that many had hoped it would see a year after Moammar Gadhafi's fall. Political progress has been downright sluggish. There are lots of weapons and little security, and people are getting more and more anxious.

"The Libyan people are very cranky, so we're trying to cheer them up in the morning," Gritla said, turning the dial up on a track from the Bee Gees. "Our slogan is 'Your voice and your voice only.' We try to give people what they want."

Radio Zone 100.7 is just one of some two dozen new radio stations to hit Tripoli's airwaves since the dictator's fall. And despite all the doom and gloom, residents say it's just one indicator that postwar Tripoli is not actually as bad as it may appear.

In fact, Tripoli is a spectacle of post-revolution paradoxes. It's a place where all of the successes and failures of the Arab Spring's most thorough revolution go on stark display side by side; where one can brave a militia gun battle and shop for designer dresses in the space of an afternoon.

For all the weapons floating around, there is relatively little crime. Libyans go to work and pick up groceries. Adults talk politics over cappuccinos. And teenagers chow down on burgers and blast pop music from their cars.

There is even Tripoland, an antiquated but popular little amusement park, where the city's residents line up to ride the miniature roller coaster on Friday nights.

Tripoli still isn't a city that anyone would call fun, but the fresh air of revolution has opened the city to a flood of dreamers.

Beneath surface, it's a mess

There are middle-class university graduates launching quirky online start-ups from their parents' living rooms; army commanders who talk about developing a well-trained national army -- once they have the money; and officials in the neglected waste management sector who wax on about their ideas for an environmental protection protocol, a concept that was totally ignored by Gadhafi.

Beneath the surface, of course, it's all a mess, locals say. This is a capital city in a country without a functioning government. The police officers directing traffic in Martyrs' Square are actually militia members. There is no designated day for trash collection, and no working court system.

The country pulled off its first democratic election for a General National Congress in July, but has yet to seat a government -- in part, because protesters sometimes storm the congress while it's in session.

By far the biggest change brought by the end of Gadhafi's rule is the freedom that Libyans are now enjoying. Gritla plays foreign tunes that never would have touched the airwaves under Gadhafi's suffocating, xenophobic rule. Kids are learning French in school. And traders are importing old, ratty cars, something the old regime didn't allow.

Libyans are so free, in fact, that much of Tripoli's current trouble stems from the frustration that follows when friends, neighbors and resident militias do whatever they please.

"It's very nice now -- you can have your own newspaper. You don't have to stop at the traffic lights. You can park anywhere -- even on the grass. Even in America, you don't have these kinds of freedoms," said Sadat Elbadri, the head of Tripoli's self-appointed local council, with no small amount of irony.

As the seat of the old regime, Tripoli suffered less under Gadhafi than the more neglected backwaters. And for that reason, there is more hope to work with, residents said.

© 2014 Star Tribune