Dropout age raised by legislator who dropped out

  • Article by: JIM RAGSDALE , Star Tribune
  • Updated: August 10, 2013 - 10:17 PM

Legislator who quit school to join the circus lobbied hard to raise compulsory attendance age.

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Sen. Chuck Wiger stood in front of North High School in North St. Paul, the school he himself dropped out from.

Photo: Elizabeth Flores, Star Tribune

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If state Sen. Chuck Wiger needs fuel for his crusade to keep teen­agers in school, he can summon distant memories of the glamour of the Big Top.

Cleaning up after the elephants, erecting and striking the tents no matter the weather and riding the semitrailer truck to Barnum & Bailey’s next stop — that was his life when he dropped out of North High in North St. Paul and ran away to join the circus.

His experiences gave him a soft spot for the “nontraditional” student’s path. It is the unspoken back story behind his single-minded focus on raising the state’s compulsory attendance age to halt Minnesota’s drift toward graduation-rate mediocrity.

“I dropped out because I was bored; I wanted some adventure,” said Wiger, a DFLer from Maplewood, who pushed through an increase in the compulsory school attendance age from 16 to 17 this year. “I don’t suggest it. It can be very risky.”

Minnesota’s dropout rate has consumed many state leaders as the overall four-year high school graduation rate is at 77.6 percent, Minneapolis is at 50 percent and the statewide rate for African-American and American Indian students ranges from 45 to 51 percent. Wiger long has argued that Minnesota’s 16-year-old compulsory attendance age — when a student can drop out with parents’ permission — is part of the problem. He sought to push it up to 18, as President Obama has urged states to do.

“Three out of four is not acceptable,” said Wiger of the state graduation average, once a Minnesota bragging point. Even though another 13 percent of students are listed as “continuing” their studies past four years, state officials regard the four-year number as cause for alarm.

This year, as chairman of the Senate’s education finance division, Wiger succeeded in sending a “tough love” message to families and students everywhere: Don’t do what I did.

Road warrior

Wiger is a modest and soft-spoken lawyer who has served in the Senate since 1997. He brought a quiet passion for education that he nurtured as a member and chair of the North St. Paul-Maplewood-Oakdale School Board. He comes off as a cheerful and eager-to-please local pol who knows everyone in his district — not as an intrepid road warrior of the ’60s.

“I loved the traveling,” he said of his adventurous past.

Wiger said his parents, who also attended North High School, pushed him to get an education, and he always did well in school. But he dropped out and ran away to Florida to join Barnum & Bailey’s traveling circus, moving from town to town in a semitrailer truck up the eastern seaboard. “Oh gosh, you would help set up tents, clean up after animals,” he recalled. “Not too glamorous. You learned a lot about life and people and human nature.”

He left the circus and showed up at Tinker Field in Orlando, then the Minnesota Twins training camp. He became a clubhouse helper.

“I was a runaway at that point in my life,” he said. “My parents didn’t know where I was.”

When a spring training photograph in the St. Paul Pioneer Press showed him in the background, his parents saw it and contacted the team. Future Hall of Famer Harmon Killebrew advised Wiger to call home. He did, came north with the Twins and ended up back at school en route to a law degree and a career of public service.

But his wanderlust was not quenched. After high school, he shipped out on a cargo voyage from New Orleans, ending up in Brisbane, Australia, before coming home for good.

“Recalling my own experiences, I clearly knew that if I didn’t get an education, it wasn’t likely that I’d get drafted by the Twins, or become a gifted performer in the circus,” he said. “I always knew that education was the passport for success.”

Raising the limit

  • Compulsory attendance age

    What’s new: Minnesota raises compulsory school attendance age from 16 to 17 beginning in 2014-15 school year.

    What it means: Students will be truant if not in class until 17th birthday.

    How we compare: Minnesota’s current nine-year compulsory age range (from age 7 to age 16) is in the lowest tier among states.

    Neighbors: Iowa and North Dakota are at 16; Wisconsin and South Dakota are at 18.

    Does it matter? High school graduation matters, but research is mixed on whether raising age alone affects graduation rates.

    National move: President Obama last year called on states to raise the age to 18.

    Minnesota’s grad rate: 77.6 percent graduate from high school within four years, with another 13 percent listed as “continuing” their studies, 5 percent dropping out and 4 percent unknown.

    Minneapolis rate: 50 percent graduate within four years, 32 percent are “continuing” their studies, 9 percent have dropped out and another 9 percent are unknown.

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