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The official said these individuals represent the "full chain of command that we consider responsible for ordering security forces to move against the Maidan yesterday."
On Capitol Hill, Sens. John McCain, R-Ariz., and Chris Murphy, D-Conn., said they were working on legislation that would impose narrowly focused sanctions against Ukrainians who have committed, ordered or supported acts of violence against peaceful protesters, or who are complicit in a rollback of Ukraine's democracy.
"There must be consequences for the escalation of violence in Ukraine," they said in a statement. "Unfortunately, that time has now come."
Obama was asked at the news conference whether he sees Russia's hand in the intransigence of the Ukrainian and Syrian governments and whether violent clashes in both countries have turned into a tug of war between the U.S. and Russia. Obama said although Russia clearly has influence with both governments, the turmoil has come from people voicing their desire for basic freedoms.
"Our approach in the United States is not to see these as some Cold War chessboard in which we're in competition with Russia. Our goal is to make sure that the people of Ukraine are able to make decisions for themselves about their future," he said.