Military draft? Democracy may need it

  • Article by: BONNIE BLODGETT
  • Updated: August 31, 2013 - 5:56 PM

It’s been thought to be a quixotic idea, but stop and consider the context.

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U.S. Army Staff Sgt. Jason Dinkins with the 3rd Combat Aviation Brigade is hugged by his daughter Olivia Chastain after a welcome home ceremony, Tuesday, June 11, 2013 at Hunter Army Airfield in Savannah, Ga. The aviation brigade deployed 2,200 soldiers to Afghanistan in December on a 9-month mission, but came home earlier than expected because of the readiness of the Afghan National Security.

Photo: Stephen Morton, Associated Press

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In a recent NPR interview, a business writer with the Wall Street Journal was asked what could be done about America’s ever-­widening income gap. Should we strengthen labor unions? Raise the minimum wage?

The journalist dismissed both notions as quaint. It’s a supply-and-demand world, he said, and as such, while the “extremely scarce resource” that is top management talent will continue to see its compensation soar, the average global citizen’s only hope for personal betterment is continuing economic expansion fueled by an exploding world population.

Nine billion by 2050 is the new imperative. Move over, all you pesky inalienable rights. It’s not about quality of life but quantity in the current millennium. The global economy is an irreversible fact of life. We have no choice but to obey its dictates.

Given this bleak outlook, it’s hardly surprising that so many low- and middle-class Americans are opting out of the economy altogether. Lacking any other form of wage protection, they are choosing to enlist in the military. This, too, serves the interests of big business. From agricultural products to oil, America’s volunteer army ensures safe passage. It also keeps the peace on the home front, offering not just a decent-paying, albeit dangerous, job but the promise that several deployments overseas will add up to the equivalent of a college education once the term of service is up.

It’s a false promise, of course, just as the guy on the radio implied — and as the tens of thousands of unemployed and homeless vets attest.

Call me old-fashioned, but I still think a nation-state can buck the global tide if it chooses to. I also think the volunteer army is a bad idea. I’m not alone.

Back in 2003, Charles Rangel, a Democratic congressman from New York who happens to be black and a decorated Korean War vet, made his first attempt of many to reinstate the draft. President George W. Bush was then hell-bent on invading Iraq, and Rangel, concerned that the American public had been given no say in the matter or even an honest explanation, argued that the threat of conscription would put an end to all this loose talk of regime change.

Most commentators regarded his idea as quixotic. If Americans were clear on one thing, it was their opposition to the draft. But Chicago Tribune senior editor Salim Muwakkil saw Rangel’s proposal as a “crafty” antiwar tactic intended to focus attention on the glaring demographic contrast between those who wanted (and would most likely benefit from) a “free and democratic” Iraq and those who would be putting their lives on the line to impose those lofty ideals by force.

The Pentagon describes today’s military as vastly more professional than the Vietnam-era riffraff, not only better educated but more idealistic. In fact, it is still disproportionately composed of minorities and the poor. Our professional soldiers do see themselves as America’s Most Patriotic, as if love of country can be measured by love of the adrenaline rush of going after “bad guys.” That is, until they’re actually deployed. Then they see themselves as survivalists inspired by love of each other. Camaraderie. The band of brothers.

The Pentagon is now recruiting women. Teenagers like Pakistani-born Shafaq Maria Yuhanna, 19, who’s grateful to live in a free country where girls can play sports, and Latiesha Bryant, who is seeking to “further her education.”

I wonder what such young idealists will have to say about the educational upside of military service when they return to civilian life and find no market for the skills they honed overseas — only a dead-end job at Wal-Mart.

Our volunteer army promised a good deal more than it has delivered to these decent and pragmatic young people. But even more troubling is the pernicious effect it’s had on U.S. foreign policy. I’m beginning to think compulsory military service in times of war is as essential to democracy as voting rights.

When young middle- and upper-class males refused to fight in Vietnam and brought their well-reasoned arguments home from college and shared them at the dinner table, pretty soon it wasn’t just the kids who were against the war but the whole country. By 1971, even Nixon wanted out. And no sooner did Vietnam fall than Soviet communism itself begin to bite the dust, vanquished by forces entirely unrelated to U.S. influence (Reagan’s self-aggrandizing claims to the contrary).

Interestingly, blacks were against the Vietnam War from the start by a ratio of five to one. They knew then, just as they know now, who fights our unpopular wars. It’s the same thing that enabled the big banks to bring the United States to the brink of economic collapse during the 2008 mortgage crisis. No skin in the game.

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Bonnie Blodgett is a writer in St. Paul.

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