A monsignor presaged the New Deal, and church leaders stood in support of civil rights.
Recent talk about the Catholic Church's role in politics reminds me of two great moments in church social teaching in the United States: the New Deal and the civil rights eras.
Both moments found the church embroiled in controversy, with strident cries that it did not belong in the public arena. The eventual rewards for the church's role were huge for society, but came at a cost for the church.
The same, unfortunately, remains true today.
A leading figure of the New Deal era was Monsignor John Augustine Ryan (1865-1945), who headed the social-action department of the U.S. bishops' National Catholic Welfare Council. Critics pejoratively referred to him as "Monsignor New Deal" for his social-action efforts, which included fighting to establish a living wage and authoring the 1919 "Program for Social Reconstruction" -- essentially, an outline for what would become Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal.
The civil rights movement of the 1960s saw church leaders speak out against racism and discrimination, most dramatically in Selma, Ala., during a series of marches in 1965. The presence of these religious figures put off those who would have preferred that the men and women of the church had stayed home and prayed.
Accusations against the church inevitably arise whenever the church meets its obligation to fight for the weak and speak for those who cannot speak for themselves. In recent years, it's become popular to say that the bishops -- even the church itself -- are irrelevant. Some even believed it, which is why it was shocking to some when a majority of House members shared the bishops' concerns and voted to ensure that health care reform does not expand abortion.
The challenge before us is to make health care affordable for all, both for citizens and legal immigrants, and to ensure that reform does not expand abortion. There is nothing new here. Standing for the poor and voiceless is where the church always has been.
No one seems to mind when Catholic Charities annually delivers $3.5 billion worth of food and human services to people of all religions -- and of no religion. Nor do they mind when the church provides $5.7 billion in health care annually through its network of more than 600 health care institutions.
It's only when the bishops are heard in the public sector that the critics speak out.
Sister Mary Ann Walsh is director of media relations for the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops.
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