Stumbling Into Spring - Chilly Fishing Opener
A bad day of fishing is better than a good day of work. This upcoming Saturday I'm torn between fishing and pumpkin-carving, maybe tossing the football. Minnesota's Fishing Opener is May 14, but I have a sneaking suspicion it will look and feel more like October 14.
We're paying a price for 92 degrees last Friday; the weather pendulum now swinging in the opposite direction. In fact it may be marginally cold enough aloft for a light mix of rain and wet snow up north early Saturday morning. No accumulation expected, but sunrise wind chills may dip into the 20s from the Whitefish Chain to Leech Lake. Pack a jacket or sweatshirt and hope for the best.
No need to water the lawn this week. Another band of heavy showers arrives today; a clap of thunder is possible; the atmosphere too cool and stable for anything severe. We dry out Thursday but a reinforcing swipe of Canadian air surges south by late week. A light frost is possible for greater Minnesota next weekend, but models hint at 70s the weekend of May 21-22.
One big silver lining: cool air keeps the tornadoes away.
Fishing Opener: Touch of October. Right now it looks blustery and cool Saturday with a few light rain and snow showers over northern Minnesota, a stiff northwest wind at 7-15 mph with a healthy walleye chop. NOAA maps above valid 8 am Saturday morning.
Wondering What The Fish Are Doing? The Minnesota DNR takes a look and helps to set expectations.
Gusty Friday - Winds Ease Slightly for Fishing Opener. Sustained winds are forecast to drop into the 7-12 mph range by sunrise Saturday morning on Leech Lake, a few gusts as high as 15-20 mph by late morning and midday.
May Sweatshirts. I would highly recommend taking more warm clothing to your favorite lake than you think you'll need - you can always take off a layer or two. Wake-up temperatures on Pelican, Gull and the Whitefish chain may be hovering near freezing Saturday morning around 6 am, and that's without the wind chill factor.
Probably Frost-Free in the Immediate Metro Area. Air temperatures should stay just above freezing within the 494/694 freeway system Saturday morning, but if you live in an outlying suburb and you want to keep those emerging annuals safe - consider covering them up with plastic or newspaper before you go to sleep Friday night. Temperature trend: NOAA and Aeris Enterprise.
One More Rainy Shot. The arrival of cooler air sets off another squall of rain and possible thunder later today and tonight. Although I don't expect anything severe 4 KM NAM guidance hints at some .5 to .75" rainfall amounts, maybe an inch or more on the east side of St. Paul. Loop: NOAA and AerisWeather.
Ouch. Proving that Minnesota is a big, diverse state with big, diverse weather, I received the following note from a reader in Worthington who points out weather for extreme southwestern Minnesota bears little resemblance to what the rest of the state is experiencing right now. Kevin Busch writes: "Wow, you are certainly out of touch with SW Minnesota (Worthington) area. I have had over 6 inches of rain since April 18th. We are flooding down here! Did you know that? Anyway, we can't get our crops planted and the few that did get planted the middle of April are having to be ripped up again because the waterlogged cold soils didn't allow for the crops to come up. t has just been a plain awful Spring down here. And this weeks cold and especially WET weather is just what we do not need. We need hot and dry, and soon. And as far as a mild, snow-free Winter...... Check your records for the snowfall amount for the Winter in Worthington. Somewhere near 80 inches or so? Here in this part of the country we would welcome some "global warming". Just thought I'd let you know what it's like out here in fly-over land. Thanks!"
60-Day Rainfall Estimates: NOAA.
April Weather Summary. Here's an excerpt from NOAA NCDC: "...Above-average precipitation was observed across the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains. Seven states throughout the Great Plains, stretching from Montana to Texas, had an April precipitation total that was much above average.
- Several rounds of heavy precipitation impacted parts of Texas during April causing widespread flooding. Houston was hit particularly hard on April 18 when 9.92 inches of rain was observed at the George Bush Intercontinental Airport; even higher amounts were observed to the northwest of the city. This was the second highest one-day precipitation total for the city, bested only by the 10.34 inches that was observed during Tropical Storm Alison in 1989. As a whole, Texas had its ninth wettest April with nearly 180 percent of average rainfall..."
Think It's Wet Here? Washington D.C. just went 14 days in a row with measurable rainfall - a new record.
Chaos Limits Predictability of Hurricane Intensities. Models are doing a pretty good job with hurricane track, but intensity remains a huge challenge - and there may be limits to how accurately we can predict hurricane intensity. Here's an excerpt from a new paper highlighted at Physics Today: "...Yet the errors in forecasts of hurricane intensity don't go away as one might expect; rather, speed errors level off at about 8 m/s (18 mph) after four to five days in real-time intensity forecasts. Through full-physics simulations, the pair discovered that those errors arise from a so-called chaotic attractor at the maximum potential intensity limit. That finding implies that improvements in intensity forecasts are more likely to come from better modeling of the large-scale environment than from better knowledge of the storm's initial state. Even so, the researchers note, the maximum range of predictability is only about three days, and likely shorter for mature hurricanes..." (File image of 2007 Hurricane Felix: NASA).
Do Warm Waters Off the East Coast Imply an Increased Hurricane Threat? Here's the intro to an interesting post at Capital Weather Gang: "The start of the 2016 Atlantic hurricane season is just three weeks away, and initial seasonal hurricane predictions have ranged from near-average (by Colorado State University, Tropical Storm Risk and several private groups) to above-average (by AccuWeather and the Weather Company) activity. Some meteorologists are pointing to warmer-than-normal sea surface temperatures (SSTs) near the East Coast to advertise an increased hurricane threat to the U.S. coastline. Our analysis does not support this argument. We actually find the risk of landfalling hurricanes is highest when temperatures near the East Coast are cooler..."
Alberta's Mega-Wildfire: Is California Next? Here's a video and story excerpt from Yahoo Finance: "For Californians, Alberta's gargantuan blaze is a reminder that the Golden State has faced its own super-fires over the years — and officials warn that the risks are worsening. El Nino-fueled storms have brought some relief to drought-parched California this year, but the central and southern portions of the state, as well as the Sierra Nevada foothills in the north remain at high risk, according to experts. The state's peak wildfire season comes in late July or August, with the hot, dry conditions, although the danger will last well into the fall months. California last year "had two of the top-10 most devastating fires in the state's history — very similar conditions to what's occurring in Canada right now," said Ken Pimlott, chief of the California Department of Forestry and Fire Prevention (CalFire)..."
The 35 Strangest Weather Events I've Seen in my Lifetime. Jon Erdman has an interesting post at weather.com; here's the intro: "Some weather events are so strange they capture the fascination of even the most grizzled meteorologists. A thunderstorm with quarter-size hail, a menacing shelf cloud, or even a full-fledged blizzard are certainly impressive. But some storms are exceptional in magnitude, extremely rare for a given area or time of year, or, just flat out bizarre. While a full history of the strangest weather is beyond the scope of this piece, I thought I'd take a look at some of the most bizarre things in weather I've seen in my lifetime, dating to the early 1970s. I'd love to rank these, but they're all so bizarre in their own way. So enjoy this look at weather's weird side..."
Photo credit above: "Potter County, Texas, firefighter Matt Dryden stands next to a wall of accumulated hail north of Amarillo, Texas after an April 11, 2012 storm." (Amarillo/Potter/Randall Office of Emergency Management).
Tornado Approaching? Ditch the Bathtub for a Ditch. This, according to storm chasing and tornado research pioneer Warren Faidley, interviewed at Yahoo News: "If you think you should hide in a bathtub when a tornado approaches, think again. With tornado season at its height, storm chaser Warren Faidley shared survival tips with INSIDE EDITION -- and using a bathtub for shelter isn't one of them. "It's a bad idea," he said. While bathtubs were once made of cast iron, today they're too flimsy to be any help in a storm, he explained..."
Behind The Scenes of "Twister". Thanks to Dan Holiday at Tornado Talk for a recent interview focused on my experience producing special effects for the movie "Twister". I can't believe it's been 20 years.
Man Captures Some of the Most Dramatic Footage Ever Taken of a Tornado. That's quite a mouthful, but the video is compelling. Here's a link and story excerpt from San Antonio Express-News: "...A video posted on YouTube Saturday shows some of the most dramatic up-close footage of a tornado ever captured on film. According to the Associated Press, a tornado hit just north of Wray, Colo., Saturday evening about 7 p.m. It injured five people was one of several tornadoes that hit Colorado Saturday. The AP wrote that storm chasers tracked the tornado for about 10 miles once it hit the ground..."
Try Not To Freak Out Inside This 360 Degree View of a Tornado. Esquire has a link to video from last weekend's outbreak near Wray, Colorado - here's a clip: "...The beast was caught on camera in a 360-degree video that documented the tornado as it gained strength, dust, and debris. The sky turned, the wind whipped, and raindrops fell as the vehicle—and camera, and the driver—approached the storm. Be sure to drag the cursor over the video to experience the full effect, and take a moment to appreciate the bravery (idiocy?) of those poor saps running straight towards the twister..."
John Oliver's Rant About Science Reporting Should Be Taken Seriously. It's well worth 20 minutes of your time, as explained at Ars Technica: "...Science is a process that gradually builds accurate pictures of the natural world. It's not always reliable in its details, but the more general conclusions produced by science are usually pretty accurate. By constantly focusing on the details, it's easy to get the impression that anything goes—this month's conclusions are likely to be overturned in a few weeks. But for many topics—evolution, vaccine safety, climate change—the evidence is comprehensive and extremely internally consistent. If we want people to accept those conclusions, we can't be feeding them a constant stream of stories that indicate the process that brought us to them produces unreliable nonsense. Unfortunately, we continue to do exactly that."
Tree Removal for Minnesota Solar Project Prompts Legislative Action. Here's an excerpt from Midwest Energy News: "In addition to a countywide moratorium, a controversy over the removal of trees for a Minnesota solar project has prompted an amendment in the state legislature. The amendment, offered by state Rep. Marion O’Neill, would prohibit solar projects if more than 75 percent of the trees in an area larger than three acres would have to be cut down. The bill to which her amendment was attached cleared the Minnesota House on April 27, though the Senate has yet to take it up..."
Photo credit: "This photo posted by Buffalo Township, Minnesota shows trees cleared for a planned solar project."
The 4th Largest Economy in the World Just Generated 90% of the Power It Needs from Renewables. Here's a clip from ThinkProgress: "On Sunday, for a brief, shining moment, renewable power output in Germany reached 90 percent of the country’s total electricity demand. That’s a big deal. On May 8th, at 11 a.m. local time, the total output of German solar, wind, hydropower, and biomass reached 55 gigawatts (GW), just short of the 58 GW consumed by every light bulb, washing machine, water heater and personal computer humming away on Sunday morning. See the graph below, courtesy Agora Energiewende, a German clean energy think tank..." (Photo credit: Shutterstock).
U.S. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions in 2015 are 12% Below Their 2005 Levels. CO2 levels are receding, while the economy continues to grow (slowly). Here's an excerpt from EIA: "After increasing in 2013 and in 2014, energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions fell in 2015. In 2015, U.S. energy-related carbon dioxide emissions were 12% below the 2005 levels, mostly because of changes in the electric power sector. Energy-related CO2 emissions can be reduced by consuming less petroleum, coal, and natural gas, or by switching from more carbon-intensive fuels to less carbon-intensive fuels. Many of the changes in energy-related CO2 emissions in recent history have occurred in the electric power sector because of the decreased use of coal and the increased use of natural gas for electricity generation..." (Graphic source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review).
Are You The Family Tech Support. Increasingly it's our kids (and grandkids) who are helping us manage our digital appliances, but that doesn't come without new sources of stress and irritation, reports the Wall Street Journal, which adds: "...Talk through what needs to be done and ditch technical terms, Mr. Meister says. Use analogies instead. When explaining what an antivirus program can do, he often equates it to a raincoat. It will keep you dry in the rain but it can only go so far; you’ll still get wet if you jump into a lake. When recommending a new device, look for the simplest option. If a parent wants to use a laptop only for email and social media, perhaps a tablet would suffice. Ask for the make and model of whatever they get, Mr. Meister says, so you can access a support page or an instruction manual remotely, if necessary..."
THURSDAY: Rare sunshine sighting possible. Winds: NW 10-20. High: 64
FRIDAY: Cooler breeze, pop-up PM shower? Winds: NW 15-25. Wake-up: 47. High: 56
FISHING OPENER SATURDAY: AM sun, PM showers - chilly. Winds: NW 15-25. Wake-up: 38. High: 55
SUNDAY: Mostly cloudy, no sign of spring yet. Winds: NW 10-20. Wake-up: 40. High: 54
MONDAY: Partly sunny, feeling better. Winds: SW 5-10. Wake-up: 41. High: 61
TUESDAY: Clouds increase, late shower possible. Winds: S 8-13. Wake-up: 45. High: 64
Extreme Weather is "Face of Climate Change" Says Premier Wynne. Here's the intro to a story at National Observer: "The premiers of Ontario and British Columbia have both linked the Fort McMurray wildfire with global warming, while defending the importance of Canada's oil and gas industry. In separate interviews that were broadcast over the weekend, Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne and British Columbia Premier Christy Clark said it's time to talk about the climate change problem and find solutions. "I think there are a lot of factors in this situation and we are very, very sad and we think of the people of Alberta," Wynne said during a French-language interview with Radio-Canada's weekly political show, Les Coulisses du Pouvoir..." (Image credit: CBC Edmonton).
Global Warming and the Great Lakes. Here's an excerpt of an interview at Yale Climate Connections: "...Under this particular climate scenario that we’ve experienced over the past 200 years, we can manage the water levels fairly well. But if it goes into either very high flows or very low flows, we won’t be able to manage it at all.” For example, with too much water in the system it will be impossible to release enough to prevent flooding. And with too little, there will not be enough for shipping..." (Photo credit: NASA).
8 Governors Have Chance to Protect Great Lakes Water. The Chicago Sun Times reports.
New York Plans To Make Fighting Climate Change Good Business. Becoming more resilient in the face of a more volatile climate is an opportunity, as outlined in The New York Times: "A governor wants to lead on green energy. The state’s utilities are nervously falling in line. Young entrepreneurs are buzzing, determined to be part of the generation that finally solves climate change. To most ears, that might sound like California, where all those things and more are happening. But it also describes New York. New York? The state may not leap to mind as being in the vanguard of the green economy. But under Gov. Andrew Cuomo, the most populous state in the Northeast is in a close race with its counterpart in the West in setting ambitious climate goals. And in some ways, New York may be on the verge of pulling ahead of California..."
In Novel Tactic on Climate Change, Citizens Sue Their Governments. Proving that, once again, the lawyers will do just fine. Here's an excerpt from an explanation at The New York Times: "...Last month, a federal magistrate judge in Oregon startled many legal experts by allowing the lawsuit filed on behalf of 21 teenagers and children to go forward, despite motions from the Obama administration and fossil fuel companies to dismiss it; the suit would force the government to take more aggressive action against climate change. The ruling by the magistrate judge, Thomas M. Coffin, now goes to Federal District Court to be accepted or rejected. Michael B. Gerrard, the director of the Sabin Center for Climate Change Law at Columbia Law School, called the ruling a potential landmark. “It is the first time a federal court has suggested that government may have a constitutional duty to combat climate change, and that individuals can sue to enforce that right,” he said..."
Photo credit above: " Credit Mike Scott/Waikato Times, via Fairfax Media NZ.
Exxon Has a Clever Way to Capture Carbon - If It Works. At some point one of these new, emerging technologies may just work; here's a clip from MIT Technology Review: "...Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, research on carbon-capturing fuel cells has been under way for several years. The FuelCell Energy technology would use what’s known as a carbonate fuel cell, which uses carbon dioxide as one of its inputs, to capture the carbon dioxide and concentrate it into a form that can be transported and stored, most likely in deep underground repositories. The system would generate additional electricity, rather than consuming it, and power from the overall plant would cost less than electricity from plants using earlier, amine-based solutions..."
Climate Change Driving Risk of Plant Extinction. Here's an excerpt from Climate Nexus: "Nearly 100,000 plant species, one-fifth of the world's total, are at risk of extinction even as 2,000 new plant species are discovered every year. The State of the World’s Plants report by Royal Botanic Gardens Kew reveals that while factors such as land-use change and new infrastructure play a big role at present, climate change is likely to be a bigger factor in the future in threatening the plants’ survival..."
Web Site Documents Pace and Impact of Climate Change Around the World. Here's an excerpt at Co.Exist: "...An Instagram account, Everyday Climate Change, documents what's happening around the world visually, with photos of the causes and effects of global warming from every continent, including droughts, fires, and floods. "I had been documenting the large-scale environmental consequences in East Asia as a result of the rapid development here," says James Whitlow Delano, the Japan-based photographer who started the project in 2015. "The air in China had become thick enough to cut with a knife. The deserts there are expanding. Oil palm is leading to massive deforestation in equatorial Southeast Asia. Larger and larger storms are hitting coastal areas in the region, too. I felt that magnitude of the problem leading to climate change was not being addressed..."
See Earth's Temperature Spiral Toward 2 Degrees Celsius. Climate Central has the story and (amazing) visualization; here's an excerpt: "The steady rise of Earth’s temperature as greenhouse gases accumulate in the atmosphere and trap more and more heat is sending the planet spiraling closer to the point where warming’s catastrophic consequences may be all but assured. That metaphoric spiral has become a literal one in a new graphic drawn up by Ed Hawkins, a climate scientist at the University of Reading in the United Kingdom. The animated graphic features a rainbow-colored record of global temperatures spinning outward from the late 19th century to the present as the Earth heats up..."
Visualization credit: "Monthly global temperatures from 1850-2016." Credit: Ed Hawkins.
Raging Canadian Wildfire Points to Global Warming. CBS News has the story; here's the intro: "The wildfire that has devastated the remote Canadian town of Fort McMurray has caused an estimated $7.3 billion in insurance-related losses, the most from that type of disaster since 1970. Experts say the size of the blaze, along with an increase in the number of wildfires in the U.S., are evidence of global warming. "This is one of the parts of the world that has seen warmer and warmer winters and accelerated springs and drier conditions, which are linked to increasing atmospheric greenhouse gasses and the long-term warming that we've seen," said Glen MacDonald, a professor of geography at University of California at Los Angeles, in . "It's just not surprising that you would have an event like this..." (Image: CBC News).
Inland Flooding Threat to Increase by 2050. WXShift has the analysis - here's an excerpt of a recent story: "...The recent flooding in the Gulf Coast states highlights the increasing threats from heavy precipitation with climate change. Our States at Risk report examined the intensity and duration of the heaviest runoff events for each state. To determine the future inland flood threat, the report examined the frequency of high water runoff that could lead to flooding threats both currently and in the future. In this week's analysis, we examine both the state and national projected trends for heavy runoff. Our Flooding Severity Index is used to quantify the runoff. This index is the average yearly sum of the daily total runoff which exceeds the 95th percentile of a 1990-2010 baseline. Using this index incorporates both intensity and duration of the runoff in each state (a full methodology can be found in the States at Risk report)..."
South Florida Republicans Lead Their Party from Climate Change Denial. The Charlotte Observer has a story focused on how southern Florida is on the front line of sea level rise associated with a warming, rising sea - here's a clip: "Republican Rep. Carlos Curbelo and Democratic Rep. Ted Deutch, whose South Florida districts are already enduring increased flooding, salt water intrusion and other effects of rising sea levels, are leading the first truly bipartisan congressional effort to tackle climate change. Joined by Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, a Miami Republican, they’ve formed a caucus that uses an unusual “buddy system” in which each Democratic member must bring along a Republican colleague willing to renounce party orthodoxy and stop minimizing the peril – or even existence – of global warming..."
Photo credit above: "Emily Michot.