In ruling that the National Collegiate Athletic Association illegally restrained competition for top student football and basketball players, U.S. District Judge Claudia Wilken could have obliterated the last remnants of amateurism in major college sports. Happily, she didn’t. Instead, her ruling Aug. 8 upheld the association’s ability to limit the compensation paid to students during their collegiate years while also allowing athletes to benefit more from the fruit of their labors — for starters, by obtaining enough aid from schools to cover all the costs of going to college. It’s a better balance. Now it’s up to the colleges covered by the decision to return more of the money to the students who generate it.

Considering how much money they make, major college football and basketball programs carry more than a whiff of exploitation.

The lawsuit, brought by former UCLA basketball player Ed O’Bannon, challenged the NCAA rule requiring student athletes to give up any claim to the revenue from television broadcasts, replays, highlight reels, video games and any other use of their names, images or likenesses.

Wilken found that the association violated antitrust law by effectively fixing the price student athletes could command from the most desirable schools. She rightly dismissed the NCAA’s spurious arguments that its limits on compensation promoted competitive balance, attracted more fans or helped integrate athletes into the student body. Those are all legitimate aims, but they’re not served by barring students from receiving any of the licensing revenue.

Granted, plenty of recruits view college as little more than an extended tryout for the NFL or the NBA, with the occasional distraction of having to pass a test. But the fact that recruits who have been promised “full ride” scholarships covering tuition, room and board can still be saddled with thousands of dollars in costs — especially if they’re hurt or lose their spot on the roster — only reinforces the feeling that the playing field is tilted in the colleges’ favor.