FILE - In this June 19, 2013 file photo, Springfield, Vt., resident Susan White looks over booking photos displayed at a Vermont State Police news conference to discuss the arrest of 36 people in the area as part of a large drug sweep. In his State of the State address on Jan. 8, 2014, Gov. Peter Shumlin called for treatment and education in addition to law enforcement as the best way to meet the state's growing challenge from the abuse of heroin and other opiates, which are fueling crime and wrecking lives of families in the state.
MONTPELIER, Vt. — Behind the facade of pristine ski slopes, craft beer, quaint village greens and one of the lowest unemployment rates in the country, Vermont is grappling with painkiller and heroin abuse, a challenge leaders say is fueling crime and wrecking lives and families disproportionately in this tiny state.
Nearly every day, police across Vermont respond to burglaries or armed robberies investigators believe are prompted by the unslakable hunger for money to feed heroin or pill habits. In many cases, law enforcement officials say, what began as the abuse of prescription drugs has turned into heroin use because it's less expensive and, more recently, easier to get.
Federal statistics rank Vermont among the top 10 states for the abuse of painkillers and illicit drug use other than marijuana — including heroin — for people ages 18 to 25.
Gov. Peter Shumlin took the unusual step of highlighting the challenge by devoting almost his entire State of the State address to it, and he called in his budget proposal Wednesday for $10 million in new spending on the problem.
In his address, he described the drug abuse as "a crisis bubbling just beneath the surface" and called on the Legislature to pass laws encouraging treatment and seek ideas on the best way to prevent people from becoming addicted in the first place. He also called for stiffer penalties for traffickers and people who use weapons in drug crimes.
"Anyone who doesn't believe that they have an opiate challenge in their state is in denial," Shumlin said in an interview with The Associated Press on Thursday, the day after his speech. "The point is that if we can shift from our belief, our fantasy, that we can solve all of these problems with law enforcement, we'll go a long way toward solving the problem. This is primarily a public health crisis."
The numbers are startling for a state the size of Vermont, which with 625,000 residents has about the same population as Nashville, Tenn.:
— It ranks second in the country for the rate of people being treated for opiate abuse, the Vermont Health Department says.
— Over the past five years, the number of serious drug crimes rose 46 percent, according to a study released in October by the Justice Center of the Council on State Governments.
— Last year, the number of heroin overdose deaths almost doubled from nine to 17. And five times as many suspected heroin dealers were indicted in 2013 as in 2010.
— From 2009 through 2012, the number of calls reporting suspected child abuse or neglect caused by drug abuse to the Vermont Department of Children and Families increased about 38 percent, from 3,293 to 4,555, said Commissioner Dave Yacovone.
Vermonters have no ready explanation for the rise in drug use. The state has consistently had one of the lowest unemployment rates in the country, but in his speech, Shumlin said the underlying cause of addiction was "a lack of hope and opportunity" that he proposed counteracting with good jobs and "the best early education in America."
Many prescription painkillers belong to a class of drugs known as opioids, which also includes heroin, codeine and methadone. Many states are reporting increasing heroin problems as an unintended byproduct of efforts to crack down on painkiller abuse that didn't include treatment of the underlying addiction, said Sherry Green, executive director of the National Alliance for Model State Drug Laws.
"What they are doing, they are shifting to heroin because if they are already addicted to opiates they are going to ... switch to the next best thing, which is heroin," she said.
Shumlin, a Democrat, wants the Legislature to expand treatment and recovery programs, and create a system that would allow some addicts to be sent for treatment immediately after their first contacts with law enforcement. He also wants to emphasize prevention.
While Republicans in the Legislature criticized the governor's speech for not focusing more on jobs and the economy, they agreed with the need to fight the drug threat.
Recovering addict Dustin Machia, 25, attended Shumlin's speech and was singled out by the governor as someone who quickly became addicted after being offered Oxycontin, a powerful opioid, in high school.
"It led me to places I didn't want to go, never thought I'd be," Machia said.