A debate has emerged over who was the first black school teacher in the Minneapolis School District.
On Thursday, the Star Tribune wrote a front page story about Bertha M. Smith, who died April 18.
The story quoted Bernadeia Johnson, Minneapolis superintendent of schools, calling Smith “a pioneer in education in Minneapolis.” Johnson stated that “As the first African-American hired as a teacher in Minneapolis public schools, she (Smith) broke down barriers and enabled our students, regardless of their race, to see themselves reflected in their teachers and school staff.”
The day the article ran, Joy Bartlett, who lives in Nevada, called to say that while Bertha Smith was an excellent teacher, Bartlett’s mother, Mary Jackson Ellis, was the first black teacher hired by the Minneapolis school district. Ellis died in 1975 at the age of 57.
We went to the newspaper’s morgue, where old newspaper clippings are filed, and found a two-inch article with the headline “Negro Teacher for Kindergarten Named” that had been published on Sept. 19, 1947 in the Minneapolis Star Journal, a forerunner to The Star, and then the Star Tribune.
The article says, “Appointment of Mrs. Mary Jackson Ellis, 4113 Fourth Ave. S., as kindergarten teacher in Hawthorne Elementary School, Twenty fourth avenue and Sixth street N., was announced today by the board of education. It said Ellis was “the first Negro teacher to be employed in the city school system on a fulltime basis in 35 years.
On Thursday, the Star Tribune contacted the school district which said it would look into the matter. A spokesman called back to say, “To the best of our knowledge, Bertha Smith is still the first black hired by the district.”
The Star Tribune, in its Thursday article, quoted civil rights activist Ron Edwards saying that Nellie Stone Johnson, a civil rights leader, and Cecil Newman, publisher of the Minnesota Spokesman-Recorder, a black newspaper, put pressure on the district to hire Smith.
Bartlett had a similar account. She said that Newman had learned that the district had refused to hire Ellis and called Minneapolis Mayor Hubert Humphrey. The two men visited the superintendent of schools and Newman said that if the district did not hire Ellis, he was going to go to press at 2 p.m. with an article stating that she had not been hired because she was black. The district relented and hired Ellis, Bartlett said.
Minneapolis teachers would earn at least 2 percent increases for this year and next under a proposed labor deal that has yet to be acted on by either side.
"It's pretty much what the board was comfortable with," said Rebecca Gagnon, who chairs the school board's finance committee.
Those increases represent salary scale adjustments, before any additional money a teacher would earn from moving up the pay scale for additional experience or education. The district negotiated cutbacks in the rate at which a teacher gains those increases in the current contract.
That pay raise would be the first general increase in the cost of living granted to teachers in at least four years. However, many teachers saw their pay increase by $3,090 in the last contract in exchange for increasing the length of the school year by four days and the non-teaching part of their school day by 15 minutes.
The size of the salary hike is the only concrete detail to emerge since a tentative agreement was announced Saturday night. The district said Tuesday it doesn't plan to release terms until at least after the board considers the deal in private next Tuesday, and then only if it finds the deal satisfactory. In contrast, the St. Paul district and its teacher union released a summary of highlights three days after reaching a deal. That two-year contract included a general increases of 2.25 percent and 2 percent.
The Minneapolis board doesn't expect to vote on the proposal until sometime in April, after a teacher vote the district said it expects to be held during the first week of April after spring break. That couldn't be confirmed with the teacher federation immediately.
The size of the raises was disclosed, perhaps inadvertently, when a member of a board committee sought assurance that they would fit within next year's proposed $541 million budget.
Minneapolis teachers are paid an average salary of $65,224 this school year, according to data posted by the Minnesota Department of Education. That's third highest in the state, behind St. Paul's $65,840 and $67,848 in the Rosemount district. A district's average is affected not only by its salary scale, but also by the relative level of experience and education of its teaching staff.
The current Minneapolis pay scale starts a teacher with a bachelor degree and no teaching experience at $39,147, and tops out at just under $98,000, a level that few teachers reach.
By Meghan Holden
Police are adding a new online crime-mapping tool that will update daily and allow residents to see where crime is happening.
The RAIDS Online website allows users to search for different types of crime in specific areas of the city and report anonymous tips.
The tool also includes demographic data, like the median age, household income and population density of an area.
More than two dozen cities and counties in the state already use the tool.
Police will hold a news conference Thursday morning at City Hall to instruct residents how to use the tool.
If you're the worrying sort, this week's failure of a large water service line in the Old St. Anthony area of the Minneapolis riverfront may have given you fresh cause for worry.
How's a Minneapolis homeowner supposed to know if the water service line that runs from the water main in the street to the water meter in your residence is up to snuff?
There's no sure way of knowing without an expensive excavation. But there's one way to find out if the property you're in is operating with the originally installed line or was modernized more recently. That's a call to 612-673-2451, where the city keeps permit records on work done on water service lines.
This homeowner found that his service line was replaced ny a previous owner in 1958 with a three-quarter-inch copper pipe from the house to the shutoff valve on the boulevard. That means that only the shorter portion running from the shufoff to the main is original piping from around 1908, most likely lead piping, given construction practices at the time.
Why should you care? Any pipe replacement other than a failure of the city-owned main is on the property owner's dime. The cost typically ranges from $3,000 to $5,000, since the ciuty requires that a plumber replace lead pipes with copper.
On the plus side, failure of your small line isn't likely to spew anywhere near the estimated 90,000-gallon loss recorded in the St. Anthony Main area, where water lines are some of the oldest in the city.
(Photo: Water flooded the Aster Cafe along SE Main St. after a private line from the water main to the building broke.) .
Saying that most Minneapolis police officers conduct themselves appropriately when dealing with the public, Chief Janeé Harteau on Monday said she plans to examine the department's training and hiring practices after two incidents in which white officers allegedly used racial slurs and got into fights with black men while off duty.
In both cases, the officers were out late at bars when the fights happened, and in both cases the officers disrespected the local police officers who showed up to investigate. Five officers from the two incidents, one in Green Bay, Wis., and the other in Apple Valley, are under internal affairs review.
Harteau said she plans to convene her 'Chief's Citizen's Advisory Council' on Wednesday, with invitations to city faith and cultural leaders, as well as the police union, to talk about the issue. Many of the department's rank and file have been upset by the stories, she said.
"They are tired of the negative actions of a few that overshadow the great work they do every day," said Harteau. "Enough is enough."
Harteau said she wants to create a "culture of accountability" at the police department and that she's requiring all officers to say something if they see another officer acting inappropriately. "If you continue to be silent, you're part of the problem," she said Monday.
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