Before starting the test to establish a baseline for testing patients for Parkinson’s, Colum MacKinnon, of the movement disorders lab, University of Minnesota department of neurology, measured Sandy Ahlberg of Worthington for the length of her leg.
Fran Holmsten stood at the edge of a long walkway in her stocking feet, hands at her sides.
When she heard the signal, she nodded a few times, walked several steps forward, paused, spun around and walked back.
On a computer monitor beside her, the path she’d taken was visible in soft gray and white, like footsteps in the snow.
Holmsten, 71, and her husband, Dick, 74, were visiting the University of Minnesota’s new Driven to Discover building at the State Fair for the second time in a week. The building, where dozens of U researchers are working over the fair’s 12 days, gives fairgoers a chance to participate in studies on everything from medicine to social science.
The Holmstens volunteered Thursday for a Parkinson’s disease study measuring how participants walk, sleep and perceive odors — all things that are diminished by the disease. The huge cross-section of people at the fair gives researchers a chance to examine gait, sleep and sense of smell in people without Parkinson’s.
Lead researcher Colum MacKinnon, an assistant neurology professor at the U, said finding participants is typically a long, arduous process.
“If we need to know what the normative population [those unaffected by disease] is doing, we post fliers, we put ads in the paper, we go on the radio and we ask people to volunteer,” he said. “And sometimes it works, and sometimes it doesn’t.”
Corjena Cheung, an assistant professor in the U’s School of Nursing, is working with four other faculty members to study fitness in adults over 55. She said the team recruited about 300 people during its first three days at the fair.
“For something like this, to be able to recruit 100 people in one day, that’s really unusual,” she said.
In addition to the research happening in real time, the Driven to Discover building is a place for researchers to recruit for future studies — to create, in effect, a Rolodex of willing participants.
At a booth called “Social Science on a Stick,” participants take personality and reaction-time tests, and provide basic information about themselves.
The goal is to recruit an array of people for future social science research, said third-year psychology Ph.D. student Pierce Ekstrom. Often, he said, participants in these kinds of studies are college undergraduates, who tend to be more liberal than average.
“When you’re trying to understand processes behind political ideology, for example, it’s really important to get the whole sample,” Ekstrom said.
Tim Church is another researcher looking for a diverse sample of Minnesotans. A professor in the U’s School of Public Health, he’s using the fair to put together a database of people for future Parkinson’s studies.
Minnesota has higher rates of the disease than other states, and it’s not clear why. Researchers are wondering whether it has something to do with genetics or exposure to toxins. For one study, Church said, they’re putting together a group of 1,200 Minnesotans — half with Parkinson’s and half without — to find out everything from what jobs they’ve had to where they’ve lived to what their DNA looks like.
With that information, he said, they may be able to identify and treat the disease earlier.
‘We’re going to do all of them’
U alumni flocked to the building, which was adorned in the signature maroon and gold and splashed with the “Driven to Discover” slogan.