Duluth store owner convicted of 51 counts of selling banned substances at Last Place on Earth. His son also was found guilty on some charges.
A Duluth head shop owner who brazenly sold synthetic drugs from his downtown store was convicted of more than 50 federal felony charges Monday, verdicts that authorities called a major victory in the war on synthetic drugs.
Jim Carlson, 56, owner of The Last Place on Earth, was found guilty on 51 of 55 felony counts in U.S. District Court in Minneapolis. His girlfriend, Lava Marie Haugen, 33, was convicted on all four counts against her, including conspiracy. Carlson’s son, Joseph James Gellerman, 35, was convicted of two misdemeanors, but was found not guilty of two felonies, including conspiracy.
The two-week trial was the most significant synthetic drug case in Minnesota history and law enforcement officials statewide were watching closely, said Paul Murphy, former chief of the criminal division in the U.S. attorney’s office in Minneapolis, now retired.
“One of things law enforcement officials will take away from this is that synthetic drug cases can be prosecuted and the safety of the community can be successfully addressed,” he said. Because of the federal shutdown, officials in the U.S. attorney’s office said, they could not talk to the media.
The rising popularity of synthetic drugs has alarmed authorities nationwide. Packaged and sold as innocuous products such as “herbal incense” and “bath salts,” the drugs are touted by users as legal alternatives to marijuana, cocaine and other controlled substances. More than 20 deaths in the United States, including at least two in Minnesota, are attributed to them.
The seven-woman, five-man jury deliberated for about two days. Carlson and his son watched stoicly as the verdicts were read by U.S. District Judge David Doty.
Doty ordered Carlson to be placed in custody immediately, while Gellerman was given no restrictions. Doty allowed Haugen to remain free on bail. She broke into tears as she left the courtroom.
Randy Tigue, Carlson’s lawyer, said he would seek a new trial because he was not allowed to introduce evidence he considered key. He said Carlson could face 10 to 20 years in prison.
At trial, prosecutors introduced evidence, including media interviews, in which they said Carlson went so far as to admit to illegal acts. The defense, however, said his public comments showed quite the opposite, that he believed he was not selling anything illegal or hiding anything.
Defense attorneys also argued their clients did not believe they were committing crimes because the substances they sold were different from the prohibited compounds.
“This is a prosecution by ambush of someone who obeys the law,” Tigue said in his closing argument. “We do not have secret laws.”
Assistant U.S. Attorney Surya Saxena stressed that in some instances there was only a single molecule change from substances formally banned by the Federal Drug Administration, and that Carlson made millions of dollars in profits. “They had a huge incentive to keep that business going,” he said.
A community scourge
Carlson’s storefront in Duluth had become a major magnet for addicts and a pariah for downtown businesses, city officials said.
“It was like a crack neighborhood,” said Dean Baltes, co-owner of Sheldon Group Inc., a printing company next to the head shop.
“There is a great sense of relief in the city of Duluth that we won’t have this massive problem in our downtown, going forward,” said Duluth Mayor Don Ness.
A Senate-House hearing is being held in St. Paul on Wednesday, the fourth such hearing this year where lawmakers are considering establishing a statewide educational program as well as more legislation to tackle synthetic drugs that mimic drugs that have already been banned. Rep. Erik Simonson, DFL-Duluth, said the existence of the head shop was the driving force behind the hearings.