Frac sand mining awakens activism in southeastern Minnesota

  • Article by: TONY KENNEDY , Star Tribune
  • Updated: February 19, 2013 - 4:00 PM

Amy Nelson joins a swell of protesters demanding study, protection as mining explodes.


Amy Nelson, a resident of Hay Creek Township south of Red Wing, Minn., stood near a proposed frac sand mine. She got involved after land near her house was purchased with an eye to building a mine. “The more you read, the angrier you get,” she said.

Photo: Brian Peterson, Star Tribune

CameraStar Tribune photo galleries

Cameraview larger


– Before a big energy corporation threatened to turn the bluff behind her house into a sand mine in early 2011, Amy Nelson’s idea of civic activism was to volunteer at the United Way.

A Ronald Reagan fan and former provost at Southeast Technical College in Red Wing, Nelson now stands on the front lines of an anti-frac sand movement that is spreading rapidly across southeastern Minnesota. She and her fellow “fractivists” plan to rally at the State Capitol Tuesday as the Legislature takes up a set of regulatory proposals in the effort to balance the economic benefits of the burgeoning industry against concerns about air, water and health.

“It’s wrong to let an industry start before limits and rules are set,” Nelson said in an interview. “You can’t allow them to come in, rape the land and then say, ‘Oh, I’m sorry.’ ”

As the Legislature weighs a range of options — from a statewide moratorium to in-depth environmental reviews or even a tax on frac sand — the industry will also have a voice at the Capitol.

Mark Ellis, president of the National Industrial Sand Association, said a balanced look at the science around frac sand mining shows there is no basis for environmental restrictions.

Ellis didn’t comment on proposed legislation in Minnesota, but said Wisconsin found no reason to crack down on the industry after it was reviewed by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Unlike many opponents of frac sand mining, Nelson philosophically supports expanded oil and gas drilling in the United States — but only where hydraulic fracturing is proven safe.

Today the organization where she volunteers, Save the Bluffs, is one of more than a dozen groups that have formed along the Mississippi River corridor. The region holds vast deposits of uniquely formed silica sand vital to the oil and gas “fracking” boom in North Dakota, Texas, Pennsylvania and other states. The special drilling technique is expected to make the United States the number one oil producer in the world by 2020.

Nelson, a breast cancer survivor who grew up in Minnesota farm country before certain ag chemicals were banned, worries that sand mining has taken off without appropriate study and regulations to protect people, animals and land from airborne sand particles and chemicals used to wash frac sand.

“We need more knowledge and regulation in place before we bless it and say it’s safe,” she said.

Nelson worked as a tool and die designer for seven years after graduating from Dunwoody Institute in the early 1980s. She still credits Reaganomics for launching her career, which has included work as a training instructor and educational roles at various technical schools. An expert in distance learning and online instruction, she obtained a Ph.D. in education through online courses at Capella University.

Like many of her fellow activists, Nelson had no previous experience in political activism or protesting. Now she volunteers up to 20 hours a week as a researcher, website manager and strategist at Save the Bluffs.

The organization scored a victory in the late summer of 2011 by winning a temporary frac sand moratorium in Goodhue County. Two representatives from the group were appointed to a special committee to strengthen the county’s nonmetallic mining ordinance, and the moratorium has since been extended to give the group time to complete its work.

Meanwhile, Nelson’s husband, Keith Fossen, joined the Hay Creek Township Board of Supervisors and helped write a local ordinance on sand mining. Another Save the Bluffs member is on a planning board in Florence Township, where a related frac sand facility is proposed.

“What we decided to do was go after it locally,” Nelson said. “You can’t rely on the county.”

Nelson’s work at Save the Bluffs has mostly been behind the scenes, but lately she’s emerged as the face of the organization. “The more you read, the angrier you get,” she said.

She attracted public attention last week at the Red Wing City Council meeting when she stepped to the microphone at a crowded hearing over Mayor Dennis Egan’s controversial decision to become executive director of a newly formed frac sand lobbyist group.

  • related content

  • Continuing series: Frac Sand Fever

    Wednesday July 17, 2013

    Frac Sand Fever is a periodic Star Tribune series on the sand mining boom in Minnesota and Wisconsin as "hydro-fracking'' revolutionizes the nation's oil and gas industry.

  • Signs of concern dot the landscape in Hay Creek Township south of Red Wing.

  • Growth industry

    100: Frac-sand mines and processing plants granted permits in Minnesota and Wisconsin in last four years.

    $500 million: Industry’s predicted annual revenues by 2015.

  • get related content delivered to your inbox

  • manage my email subscriptions


Connect with twitterConnect with facebookConnect with Google+Connect with PinterestConnect with PinterestConnect with RssfeedConnect with email newsletters






question of the day

Poll: Who will be the Wild's MVP against St. Louis?

Weekly Question