Chemicals in the water

  • Updated: September 15, 2007 - 4:20 PM

KEY: (C) CARCINOGEN; (PC) POSSIBLE CARCINOGEN

Arsenic: Semi-metal element from natural deposits, agricultural practices, industrial uses (PC).

Benzene: Colorless liquid widely used in making other compounds (C) .

BTEX: Stands for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene; found in petroleum.

1,1-DCA: Oily liquid used to make such things as finish removers (PC).

1,2-DCA: Oily liquid used in plastics, rubber, resins, fumigants (PC).

PAHs: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; chemicals found in coal tar, crude oil, creosote (PC).

PCE: Colorless liquid used in dry cleaning. Also known as perchloroethylene.

PCP: Organic solid once used as a wood preservative (PC).

PFCs: Perfluorinated chemicals, including PFOA, PFOS and PFBA, formerly used in 3M coatings and stain-resistant products.

TCA: Trichloroethane is a solvent used in spot cleaners, other products.

Toluene: Clear, colorless liquid with a distinctive odor used in thinners, adhesives (PC).

TCE: Trichloroethylene, a liquid grease remover or solvent.

Vinyl chloride : Colorless gas often formed when certain chemicals break down (C).

VOCs: Volatile organic compounds; includes solvents and other chemicals.

Xylenes: Solvents and thinners.

Source: EPA, CDC

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