Depending on your fitness goal, there are some common mistakes that could be stalling your progress. Whether you’re doing cardio to drop weight, lose body fat, train for a race or decrease stress, this guide will show you how to fix errors fast for maximum results.





The fix

Drop weight

Walking or running at one pace. Leisurely strolling on the treadmill or the elliptical for a solid 45 minutes may get you sweating, which will help with temporary weight loss, but there are more effective strategies for your longer term goals. If your goal is to see the scale go down, you probably want the weight you lose to be from fat. The most effective cardio workout for fat loss is interval training.

Interval training. Instead of shuffling along reading your magazine or watching TV, get ready to work. The bad news is you’ll need to work harder than you have been working. The good news is you can go for a shorter period of time. Plan on a 20- to 30-minute workout. Warm up for five to 10 minutes, then perform a 30s-90s interval at a pace you couldn’t hold for longer than that. Your heart rate should be above 85 percent of your maximum heart rate or at a point where you couldn’t carry on a conversation. Follow with equal or more recovery period at an easier pace, letting your heart rate come down to under 70 percent of max. Repeat for five to 10 rounds.

Decrease your body fat

Doing the same thing over and over again. If you get on the same cardio machine, clock the same amount of time, at the same intensity, every day, you’re wasting your time. Doing the same thing over and over again, your body adapts and stops changing and will not drop body fat.

Change it up. Change up your routine, including intervals. Each time you workout, push yourself harder than the last time. If you’ve been using the same machine for more than four to six weeks, it’s time to switch it up.

Train for a race

Using the treadmill. Using the treadmill to train for a race doesn’t work as well as hitting the streets, unless your race is on a treadmill (doubtful). The problem with using the treadmill is that the ground is moving for you so you do not have to use the muscles on the back of your legs to pull yourself forward. Because the ground is moving for you, you literally just pick up your legs, which is very different biomechanically than running outside. Also you miss out on running downhill, which is very hard to keep your running technique and takes practice.

Train on the same terrain as your race. Hit the streets or the trails to get ready. You should also look up the elevation of the race you want to peak for and train for hills if necessary, uphill and downhill.

Stress relief and/or active recovery

You push yourself too hard. If your goal is active recovery or stress relief, be careful you don’t go too hard and actually harm your recovery. Doing steady state cardio, getting your blood flowing, can be beneficial in this case, but keep your intensity to under 70 percent of maximum heart rate.

Go outside. Instead of being at the gym indoors, go outside and enjoy your surroundings with a leisurely walk. Sunshine has been shown to help decrease cortisol, your stress hormone.