"The Best Winter Destination in Every State"
"Minnesotans revel in their cold weather—if anyone knows how to celebrate winter, it’s them! Far from the bundling indoors you might expect, the Twin Cities come alive with outdoor festivals and events to celebrate the season. Minneapolis-St. Paul’s Great Northern Festivalencompasses several winter happenings: Visits can check out the City of Lakes Loppet Ski Festival, with cross-country ski racing and activities that culminate in Luminary Loppet, a magical nighttime ski across frozen lakes lit by fire. At the U.S. Pond Hockey Championships, visitors can see why there’s nothing like playing ice hockey outdoors. St. Paul’s Winter Carnival features parades, snow carving, snow sliding, a beer “dabbler,” and lots more. And with a thriving theater and music scene, the Twin Cities offer plenty for those who love to be indoors, too."
Snowy in St. Louis, MO
Thanks to EarthCam for the snowy picture below that was captured on Saturday. Nearly a foot of snow fell across the region, which is more than what the Twin Cities has seen all season (11.0")! Winter Storm Warnings will continue in the St. Louis, MO area through early AM Sunday.

Heavy Snow Threat Continues From Kansas To Washington DC This Weekend

Praedictix Briefing: Saturday, January 12th, 2019

  • Snow continues to fall this morning from the Central Plains into the Ohio Valley. The heaviest snow has been reported in and around the St. Louis area, with some locations already reporting over a foot of snow.
  • Snow - heavy at times - as well as some icing will continue across the mid-Mississippi and Ohio River Valleys today, working its way further into the Mid-Atlantic today and tonight. Wintry precipitation will continue across the region into Sunday as well.
  • The heaviest additional snow totals (3-7”) are expected to fall from Missouri into the Ohio River Valley as well as into parts of eastern West Virginia into Virginia and the D.C. metro.
  • Ice of up to a third of an inch could cause power outages and make travel nearly impossible from northwestern South Carolina across parts of western and central North Carolina into southeastern Virginia. The best icing potential will be late today into early Sunday.

Morning Radar. Snow, heavy at times, continues to fall from parts of the Central Plains and mid-Mississippi Valley into the Ohio Valley this morning. Some snow has also started to fall across parts of the Mid-Atlantic states as well.

Snow Totals So Far. Some of the heaviest snow has fallen in the St. Louis and Columbia, MO, areas with this storm. As of 6 AM, 14.5” had fallen at the Columbia airport and 9.8” was reported at the St. Louis airport. 13.5” of snow had also been reported in Williamsburg, MO. Meanwhile, some 5-8” totals have been reported around and just south of Kansas City and 1-2.5” of snow has been reported so far around Indianapolis.

Snow And Ice Threat Continues. Snow and ice will continue to impact areas from the Central Plains into the Ohio River Valley today, falling heavily at times. While precipitation will taper off in the Central Plains throughout the day, it will spread into the Mid-Atlantic impacting parts of the region heavily tonight into Sunday. Wintry precipitation will still linger into the second half of the weekend, however, further west back toward St. Louis.

As this snow and ice impacts areas from the Central Plains to the Mid-Atlantic, the latest road conditions will be able to be found on the following local DOT websites:

Winter Weather Alerts. Due to the snow and ice potential, numerous winter weather alerts - including Winter Storm Warnings - are in place from the Central Plains into the Mid-Atlantic. Looking at some of the locations under winter weather alerts this morning:

  • Hays, KS: Winter Storm Warning through 9 AM Saturday for total snow accumulations of 6-8”.
  • Omaha, NE: Winter Weather Advisory through 6 PM Saturday for an additional 1-2” of snow.
  • Kansas City, MO: Winter Storm Warning through 6 PM Saturday for an additional 2-4” of snow leading to totals of 6-9”.
  • Des Moines, IA: Winter Weather Advisory through 6 PM Saturday for an additional 1-3" of snow.
  • St. Louis, MO: Winter Storm Warning through 6 AM Sunday for an additional 5-8” of snow leading to totals of 10-15” as well as a light glaze of ice.
  • Springfield, IL: Winter Storm Warning through 6 AM Sunday for 6-12” of snow.
  • Chicago, IL: Winter Weather Advisory through 3 AM Sunday for 2-4” of snow.
  • Indianapolis, IN: Winter Storm Warning through 7 AM Sunday for total snow of 5-7" and a light glaze of ice.
  • Cincinnati, OH: Winter Storm Warning through 7 AM Sunday for 3-6" of snow.
  • Charleston, WV: Winter Weather Advisory through Noon Sunday for 1-4" of snow.
  • Roanoke, VA: Winter Storm Warning from 1 PM Saturday to 7 PM Sunday for a combined 3-6" of snow and sleet.
  • Richmond, VA: Winter Storm Warning from 4 PM Saturday to 1 AM Monday for 3-5" of snow and up to a tenth of an inch of ice.
  • Washington D.C.: Winter Storm Warning from 4 PM Saturday to 1 PM Sunday for 3-6” of snow.
  • Charlotte, NC: Winter Weather Advisory from 1 PM Saturday to 7 PM Sunday for up to two-tenths of an inch of ice.
  • Greensboro, NC: Winter Storm Warning from 6 PM Saturday to 6 PM Sunday for up to three-tenths of an inch of ice.

Additional Snow Totals. Over the next 24 hours, an additional 3-6” of snow is expected to fall from Missouri into the Ohio River Valley. This means overall snow totals of a foot or more are possible in St. Louis from this system. Across the Mid-Atlantic, snow totals of 3-7” will be possible across parts of eastern West Virginia into Virginia, as well as into the Washington D.C. area. This snow will impact roads across the region, leading to difficult travel conditions.

Additional Ice Totals. The greatest icing potential will be from northwestern South Carolina across parts of western and central North Carolina into southeastern Virginia. In these areas, ice of up to a third of an inch could fall, with the greatest risk of ice occurring late today through the Sunday morning hours. This ice could cause power outages and tree damage as well as making travel difficult to nearly impossible. Meanwhile, some icing up to about a tenth of an inch is still possible over the next 24-36 hours across parts of the mid-Mississippi and Ohio River Valleys.

D.J. Kayser, Meteorologist, Praedictix

Weather Outlook Sunday

High temps on Sunday will once again be nearly +10F to +15 across the state with readings warming into the mid/upper 20s across far northern MN and the low/mid 30s across southern MN. It looks like the Twin Cities could once again warm above the freezing mark +32F.
MN DNR Warning of Dangerous Ice Conditions
A recent tweet from @mndnr suggested that due to warmer weather, ice conditions have deteriorated in some locations. PLEASE BE CAREFUL if you plan on venturing out on area lakes/ponds!!
 Recent 'Warmer' Weather Making Ice Conditions Unsafe in Some Areas
Recent mild December weather has made for fairly unsafe ice condtions across parts of the state. The MN DNR has some basic guidelines on how thick the ice should be before you even think about stepping out onto the ice! Also remember that ice is NEVER 100% SAFE!

Winter Finally Making a Comeback? 
Hey look at this. According to NOAA's CPC, there appears to be period of cooler than average temperatures moving in across the Upper Midwest and the Central US as we head into the 2nd half of the month. Meanwhile, folks along the West Coast will still be warmer than average.
Temperature Trend
Here's a look at the temperature trend from Wednesday, January 16th to Saturday, January 19th, which shows cold air making a return to the Upper Midwest, espeically late next week. Temps look to return to below normal levels for a change.
Extended Temperature Outlook
Take a look at the extended temperature outlook as we head through January 27th. Note that milder than average temperature look to continue through early next week, but the 2nd half of the week and beyond looks pretty chilly with highs in the single digits and possibly sub-zero low temps!
Snowfall Potential
Here's the GFS snowfall potential through over the next 10 days, which suggests significant snow chances staying well south of us and mainly across the Central US. Stay tuned.
Snow So Far This Season
Note that the Twin Cities has only seen 11" of snow so far this season, which is more than 15" below average! Interestingly, Rochester has seen more than 15" of snow this season, International Falls has seen nearly 25" of snow this season and Duluth has seen nearly 35" of snow this season. Also note that there is only one climate locations that are reporting above average snowfall for the season (Marquette, MI). Other than that, every location is reporting below average snowfall for the season.
Current Snow Depth
The current snow depth across the region shows pretty minimal amounts across the Twin Cities and into the southeastern part of the state. However, locations across the northern half of Minnesota shows a decent snow pack, especially along the MN North Shore, where more than a foot is being reported.

"How To Tell If Your Symptoms Are The Flu Or Just A Cold"
"The flu and the common cold are nasty respiratory illnesses with some similar symptoms. Here’s how to tell the difference. In the winter literally everyone seems to be getting sick. Your coworker won’t stop coughing and your kid keeps coming home from school a snotty mess, and a box of tissues barely lasts you one day. Contrary to popular belief, cold weather does not make you sick — but respiratory viruses (namely, influenza) do tend to peak during the fall and winter. In the US, flu season typically lasts from October to March. However, a nasty case of sniffles and aches during the winter doesn’t always mean you have the flu. Often, it’s just a cold, which you can get any time of the year. The common cold and flu are both contagious respiratory illnesses that can make you feel miserable, but they are caused by different viruses. Some flu symptoms may mimic a cold, but the flu tends to be much more serious and deadly — so it’s important to know the difference between these two illnesses. Obviously, only a doctor can diagnose you, but knowing how to recognize symptoms is always helpful. So how can you tell if your symptoms mean you have a cold or the flu, and what is the best treatment? We spoke to Dr. Tania Elliott, an allergist and immunologist at NYU Langone Health in New York City, to find out."
Cold and Flu Forecast - Minneapolis
According to Pollen.com, the Cold and Flu forecast suggests that we will be running at medium to medium-high levels over the next few days. Wash your hands!!
"14 Ways to Avoid Colds and Flu"
"Are you avoiding your co-worker with that hacking cough, cold, or flu in the cubicle next to you? Do you draw your hand back from every doorknob? Have cold-and-flu phobia? Get a grip before the grippe gets you. Weve consulted dozens of medical experts to bring you 14 ways to avoid colds and flu this season. Every time you shake someones hand, wash yours: But dont stop there. Wash them as much as possible, says Mark Mengel, MD, chair of community and family medicine at Saint Louis University School of Medicine. Running lots of water over your hands will dilute any germs and send them down the drain. Keep your hands off: Touching your nose and your eyes may hurt you, Mengel says. Those are the most common places for germs to get in."

"Here's how to get rid of a cold fast"

"It's the time of year when colds are commonplace. As the weather gets colder, and you're more inclined to spend more time indoors with others, the combination of confined spaces, weakened immune systems and recirculated air means that, at some point or another, you're likely to become victim to one of the 200 viruses that cause the common cold. It's likely then, that knowing how to get rid of a cold fast is a priority this winter - no-one wants to feel miserable, sickly and extra tired over the festive period. This year, let's put a halt to that streaming nose and feeling like the Walking Dead because actually, you don’t have to suffer and sniffle in silence. Simply bookmark this cold-busting guide, now."

See more from Bazar HERE:

Echoes of El Nino? Not Much Snow (or Arctic Chill)
By Paul Douglas

"A lot of people like snow. I find it to be an unnecessary freezing of water" mused Carl Reiner. There's something intrinsically democratic about snow. It doesn't discriminate. Flakes from on high don't care where you live, income, height or general disposition. Old Man Winter (mis)treats everyone equally. No special favors.

While we scrounge for snow, residents of central Europe are drowning in drifts. A stalled winter storm has dumped as much as 2-3 meters (6-9 feet) on the Alps. Entire villages are cut off from the outside world.

The trend of weather patterns slowing or even stalling isn't limited to the summer months.

A hint of Pacific air lures the mercury above freezing every day into Tuesday, followed by a late week temperature tumble. The MSP metro area may experience the first negative numbers of winter next weekend, with a couple nights dipping below 0F.

Minnesota will experience a few numbing swipes, but I don't see any lengthy arctic occupations. Winds aloft blow mostly from Vancouver, not the Yukon, in the weeks ahead. That may take the edge off any cold waves.

Extended Forecast

SUNDAY: Few sunny peeks. Dry. Winds: SW 5-10. High: 32.

SUNDAY NIGHT: Mostly cloudy and quiet. Winds: SSW 5. Low: 25.

MONDAY: Patchy clouds. Mild for January. Winds: W 5-10. High: 36.

TUESDAY: Intervals of sun, wind chill on hold. Winds: W 10-15. Wake-up: 24. High: 38.

WEDNESDAY: Plenty of sun. Colder breeze. Winds: NW 7-12. Wake-up: 17. High: 27.

THURSDAY: Mostly cloudy. Temps near average. Winds: W 10-15. Wake-up: 19. High: 24.

FRIDAY: Peeks of sun. A cold wind. Winds: N 8-13. Wake-up: 9. High: 17.

SATURDAY: Bright sunshine. Chilliest day yet. Winds: NW 7-12. Wake-up: -2. High: 10.

This Day in Weather History
January 13th

1916: The high temperature in the Twin Cities only reaches a frigid -14 degrees.

Average High/Low for Minneapolis
January 13th

Average High: 23F (Record: 48F set in 1987)
Average Low: 7F (Record: -30F set in 1916)

Record Rainfall: 0.37" set in 1881
Record Snowfall: 6.0" set in 1967

Sunrise/Sunset Times for Minneapolis
January 13th

Sunrise: 7:48am
Sunset: 4:55pm

Hours of Daylight: ~9 hours & 6 minutes

Daylight GAINED since yesterday: ~ 1 minute & 39 seconds
Daylight GAINED since winter solstice (December 21st): ~ 20 minutes

Moon Phase for January 13th at Midnight
0.0 Days Since First Quarter Moon


What's in the Night Sky?

According to EarthSky.org this is what will be visible in the night sky over the next several nights: 

"Today is January 13, 2019 in our calendar, the Gregorian calendar, but it marks the last day of the year by the Julian calendar, which was first introduced to the world by Julius Caesar in 46 BC. The Gregorian calendar’s January 14, 2019 is January 1 of the same year by the Julian calendar. It’s the Julian New Year, sometimes called the Old New Year or the Orthodox New Year. Historians and other chronologists care about the Julian calendar because it was used worldwide for over 16 centuries. Some – for example, the Christian Eastern Orthodox Church – still use the Julian calendar to this day. But most of us don’t use it. After its inception on October 15, 1582, more and more people slowly but surely came to adopt the Gregorian calendar, which is now used nearly everywhere worldwide. However, it’s important to keep in mind that chronologists give the dates of astronomical events that occurred before the introduction of the Gregorian calendar by the Julian calendar date. For instance, equinoxes and solstices and any lunar and solar eclipses happening before October 15, 1582, are dated by the Julian calendar. The transition from Julian calendar to Gregorian calendar wasn’t quick or easy, but the more accurate calendar eventually prevailed. In the old calendar system, there was an accumulated discrepancy between the calendar dates and the actual time of the Northern Hemisphere’s spring equinox. Pope Gregory decreed that October 4, 1582, on the Julian calendar was to be followed by October 15, 1582, in the newly established Gregorian calendar."

National High Temps - Sunday, Janaury 13th
High temps across the country on Sunday will range from quite a bit below average across much of the Central and Eastern US, while folks in the Upper Midwest will be warmer than average.

7 Day Precipitation Potential

According to NOAA's WPC, the 7 day precipitation potential suggests heavy precipitation continuing in the Western US with several inches of liquid possible along the coast and in the higher elevations! There also appears to be more heavy precipitation across parts of the Southern US, where areas of heavy rain and snow will be possible.

"PAUL SEIBERT SPENT much of 2018 hovering thousands of feet over New York City. He was taking photographs for the social media accounts of the helicopter tour company FlyNYON, and over the course of the year Seibert shot the city from almost every imaginable angle. But even though he shared multiple vantage points, the images that always performed best on social media were those taken from a single spot: high over Harlem, looking south over Central Park, the skyscrapers of Midtown, and Downtown Manhattan, with the East and Hudson Rivers converging at the top of the frame. Seibert shot the city from that spot month after month, season after season, which eventually gave him the idea to create a split-screen image contrasting Manhattan in winter and summer. When that image ended up looking too artificial, he hit upon the idea of creating a composite photograph in Adobe Lightroom showing the transition between the two seasons in a single, seamless landscape."

See more from Wired HERE:


"All Sand on Earth Could Be Made of Star Stuff"

"Silica, a common ingredient in sand, concrete and glass, may have its origins in supernovae. Astronomers have long argued that the phrase “we are stardust” is more than poetic language. Now new evidence adds another stanza to this great cosmic verse.  Dust from silica—a common component of Earth’s core, sandy beaches, concrete, glass and even cell phones—has been detected within the remnants of two supernovae in the Milky Way galaxy. These observations, described last October in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, provide the first evidence that silica originated within exploding stars.  “This is a rich result in that something so common on Earth has now been found to be created in the most violent explosions in the universe,” says study co-author Haley Gomez, an astronomer at Cardiff University in Wales. “It’s an origin story.” 

See more from Scientific American HERE:


"Rare Snow Has Turned Greek Ruins Into a Winter Wonderland This Week"

"Athens just put in a pretty strong bid for the 2026 Winter Olympics. A huge dip in the jet stream has allowed polar air to plunge into the normally temperate Mediterranean, dumping snow in Greece’s capital and beach resort towns. On Tuesday, otherworldly scenes emerged across the country as snow caked iconic tourist attractions like the Acropolis and bent olive and cypress trees’ branches. Tourists and locals alike stopped to gawk at the ethereal sites and snap photos. Athens was far from the only locale to see snow. That coastal resort town of Thessaloniki in northeast Greece was buffeted by snow. Drone footageshows the incongruous scenes of snow on the Mediterranean beaches that are normally a tourist hot spot (at least a few locals still decided to take a polar bear plunge)."

See more from Earther HERE:

Thanks for checking in and don't forget to follow me on Twitter @TNelsonWX

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(Update on Southern Storm) 4-Day Thaw Coming - Numbing Finish to January?

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Warm To Begin The Week - First Subzero Reading At MSP Next Weekend?