Labeling rules send ripple across wine-making world

  • Article by: BILL WARD , Star Tribune
  • Updated: March 26, 2012 - 11:38 PM

They may only be wine labels, but regulators make sure they're written almost with the care of political documents.


Is it swell or swill? Everything from whether a wine’s name is too saucy to language and dates dealing with vintage come under the 480 federal employees who decide whether label terms and descriptions pass muster.

Photo: Jenni Pinkley, Jenni Pinkley

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WASHINGTON - Pimpnho raspberry wine is not, perhaps, everyone's picture of good taste.

Still, regulators gave the sassy beverage label out of Lodi, Calif., a go-ahead several years ago. Much tamer names, too, win approval, such as the green light that Wavelength got in January.

But when the same Paso Robles, Calif., winery that succeeded with Wavelength sought approval for "Antidote," the federal label bosses said no.

"That was knocked back, as curative claims can't be made," Deodoro Cellars owner Robert Fuller said.

The nation's 4,800 commercial wineries speak carefully on their labels, balancing artistic freedom and government obligation. Some things they want to say; some things they must say. The result can be a tussle over the limited label space that's the first impression made by 300 million-plus cases of wine sold annually in the United States.

Label questions go well beyond sauciness.

Winemakers in California's remote Shasta County want to label their bottles as coming from the "Inwood Valley" viticultural area? They need federal approval, and they're seeking it. Winemakers want to use the name Valiant for a grape variety? They needed approval, and got it last year.

Consumer advocates want nutrition facts and allergens listed? That could be coming down the pike.

Since 2007, the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau has been considering whether to require "serving facts" that would list fat content, calories, carbohydrates and protein data on wine labels. The still-unresolved debate is recorded in the federal agency's public comment files.

Separately, the agency has been considering proposed requirements that major allergens be listed on wine labels. The serving facts and allergen proposals are backed up in the regulatory pipeline, along with other, newer label proposals.

Most recently, at the request of European Union winemakers, federal officials have been considering changes in some vintage labeling rules.

The European proposal would allow a vintage date to appear on a label associated with an entire country, such as France or the United States. Currently, vintage dates, listing the year a wine is produced, are limited to labels that identify regions or viticultural areas, such as Napa.

And with wine, the technical becomes political while the political becomes regional.

The proposed rule change, because of other regulatory definitions, would allow vintage dating of American wines that include up to 25 percent foreign wine. California-labeled wines, by contrast, must come entirely from California. That means some winemakers fear unfair competition if vintage dating rules change.

"American-labeled wines are fundamentally misleading," Amy Blagg, the executive director of the Lodi District Grape Growers Association, said in a January public comment.

To resolve these kinds of disputes, the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau has a total of about 480 employees, not all of whom handle wine. It's a modest cog in the Treasury Department, which employs more than 100,000 workers worldwide.

Winemakers, meanwhile, still can struggle to figure out what will pass muster.

"I have resubmitted the same rejected label, and then had it approved," Fuller, the Deodoro Cellars owner, said in an e-mail interview. "Obviously, the staff has some latitude."

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