Recounts from the Memorable Blizzard
Here’s a wonderful mix tape from KFAI’s MinneCulture, which includes interviews from staff members that worked during the blizzard as well as other stories from the massive storm.
“How can you forget the one Halloween in your life that came with two feet of snow? KFAI’s Britt Aamodt was studying biology at Gustavus Adolphus College when a record snowstorm blasted its way into her life. She wasn’t alone in experiencing the legendary Halloween Blizzard of 1991, a storm that closed schools, shuttered stores and workplaces and left an indelible memory on those that experienced it. (Photo byPeter Boulay)”
25th Anniversary of the 1991 Halloween Blizzard
"October Blizzards in Minnesota are rare, but they have happened in the past. The most severe early blizzard on record for Minnesota was the devastating October 16, 1880 storm. This storm left behind drifts of snow to 20 feet high in the Canby area and brought train traffic to a standstill over western Minnesota until the spring thaw. This winter is vividly portrayed in Laura Ingalls Wilder's Book: The Long Winter."
"The Halloween Blizzard in 1991 is one of those weather events that people can recall what they were doing as it unfolded. Folks were still celebrating the Minnesota Twins second World Series win in just four years when a cold front ushered in unseasonably cold air. The high temperature in the Twin Cities was 65 degrees on the 29th, over ten degrees above normal. On October 30th, the high temperature in the Twin Cities only reached 32 degrees. By this time a low pressure area was developing around Galveston Texas. From the seasoned veterans at the National Weather Service to students studying meteorology at St. Cloud State, there was no secret that a large storm was coming. Most forecasts for October 31st for central Minnesota called for a cold rain by the afternoon. Possibly heavy. The primary question at the time was: "How much rain would fall?""
"As Halloween dawned back in 1991, some wintry weather was anticipated but no one was expecting a blizzard. The National Weather Service issued a Winter Storm Watch at 4:00 am on the 31st with a potential of a foot of snow. The first inkling that the forecast under projected snowfall totals came when precipitation started falling as snow at about 11:30am in the Twin Cities, much earlier than anticipated. With the realization that the precipitation would be snow, not rain, a Winter Storm Warning was issued during the day by the National Weather Service in the Twin Cities and forecasters realized there was a potential for a lot of snow. As the afternoon faded into evening a surreal scene unfolded with kids attempting to trick or treat wearing coats and boots and pumpkins becoming covered with a snowy blanket. 8.2 inches of snow fell by midnight on the 31st at the Twin Cities International Airport, the most for the entire month of October on record for the Twin Cities."
Snow in California! Sierra Nevada Snow...
...HEAVY MOUNTAIN SNOW AND STRONG GUSTY WINDS EXPECTED SUNDAY INTO SUNDAY NIGHT... .COLD LOW PRESSURE FROM THE GULF OF ALASKA WILL MOVE THROUGH SUNDAY INTO SUNDAY NIGHT BRINGING A PERIOD OF HEAVY SNOW AND STRONG WINDS TO THE MOUNTAINS OF EASTERN SHASTA AND WESTERN PLUMAS... INCLUDING LASSEN PARK... AND THE NORTHERN SIERRA NEVADA. MOTORISTS TRAVELING THROUGH THESE AREAS SUNDAY SHOULD BE PREPARED FOR HAZARDOUS WINTER DRIVING CONDITIONS. CARRY CHAINS AND EXPECT TRAVEL DELAYS. SNOW IS EXPECTED TO DECREASE LATE SUNDAY NIGHT INTO MONDAY MORNING.
...WINTER STORM WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT FROM 8 AM TO 11 PM PDT SUNDAY...
* MAIN IMPACTS: SLICK ROADS AND REDUCED VISIBILITY DUE TO HEAVY SNOW AND STRONG WIND. TRAVEL DELAYS AND CHAIN CONTROLS LIKELY.
* OTHER IMPACTS...WINDS GUSTING TO 60 MPH THROUGH PASSES AND OVER HIGHER TERRAIN REDUCING VISIBILITY SIGNIFICANTLY AND CAUSING DANGEROUS DRIVING CONDITIONS.
* TIMING...SUNDAY INTO SUNDAY NIGHT...HEAVIEST SUNDAY AFTERNOON.
* LOCATIONS...TRANS SIERRA NEVADA PASSES INCLUDING INTERSTATE 80 AND HIGHWAY 50 ABOVE 6500 FEET.
* SNOW ACCUMULATIONS...6 TO 12 INCHES POSSIBLE ABOVE 6500 FEET WITH 1 TO 2 FEET OF SNOW ABOVE 7500 FEET. SNOW ACCUMULATIONS OF UP TO 3 INCHES POSSIBLE DOWN TO 5500 FEET SUNDAY EVENING.
Weekend Snowfall Potential
Here's the snowfall potential through PM Monday, which suggests some fairly significant amounts across the higher elevations of the Sierra Nevada Range. Some spots in the highest elevations could see 1 to 2 feet!
Quick Hitting Storm in the West
Another surge of Pacific moisture is expected to move into the Western U.S. later this weekend with heavy rain and high elevation snow. The heaviest precipitation looks to move in on Sunday and exit quickly by Monday.
Better Sunday. Feels Like Early October This Week
One week from today, we fall back 1 hour to standard time. While that means we'll have more daylight in the morning, it also means that it'll be dark when we get home from work! Note that we've lost nearly 5 and a half hours of daylight since the Summer Solstice on June 20th and we're still slated to lose another hour and a half by the Winter Solstice on December 21st.
We're definitely in a downward spiral toward the colder months of winter, but the atmosphere doesn't seem to be responding. I've seen a few small swarms of waterfowl flying overhead, but the big flocks are still lurking in Canada where above average temperatures have kept lakes and ponds ice-free. November is around the corner, but it has been feeling more like early October with more mild weather on the way for the week ahead.
After damp Saturday, Sunday will feature drier and somewhat sunnier conditions. A Witch Watch has been issued for Monday, but no snow or blizzards are brewing for this year's trick or treat. Mild winds and a few PM showers shouldn't be too spooky.
Extended Weather Outlook
SUNDAY: Damp start. More PM sun. Winds: SSE 5-10. High: 52.
SUNDAY NIGHT: Mostly cloudy. Winds: SSE 5-10. Low: 44.
Halloween Monday: Mild and blustery. Few showers. Winds: SSW 10-20. High: 63.
TUESDAY: Sunnier and still mild. Winds: WSW 5-10. Wake-up: 48. High: 62.
WEDNESDAY: Partly cloudy, rain stays south. Winds: NNW 5-10. Wake-up: 48. High: 62.
THURSDAY: Bright sun. Winds: SSW 5-15. Wake-up: 44. High: 61.
FRIDAY: Mostly sunny. Where's November? Winds: WNW 5. Wake-up: 44. High: 60.
SATURDAY: Sunshine. More like early October. Winds: SSW 5-10. Wake-up: 42. High: 61.
This Day in Weather History
1951: An early snow storm drops as much as 8 inches of snowfall in north central Minnesota. Mora had 8 inches, while Long Prairie received 6 inches. Glenwood, Little Falls, Morris, and New London all had 5 inches of new snow. Meanwhile, surrounding areas received a couple of inches.
1936: An intense dust storm causes damage in Central Minnesota. Heavy wind damage is reported in Stearns County.
Average High/Low for Minneapolis
Average High: 51F (Record: 83F set in 1950)
Average Low: 35F (Record: 10F set in 1925)
Sunrise/Sunset Times for Minneapolis
*Daylight Lost Since Yesterday: ~2mins & 49sec
*Daylight Lost Since Summer Solstice: ~5hours and 24mins
Moon Phase for October 30th at Midnight
0.6 Days Since New Moon
Weather Outlook Sunday
High temperatures on Sunday will again be at or slightly below average levels for the end of October, but we'll warm to above average levels into next week.
Weather Outlook Saturday
Winds on Monday will be quite light as a bubble of high pressure slides through the region. Enjoy the lighter winds while you can because they pick out significantly on the backside of this feature as we head into Monday.
Weather Outlook Saturday
After a soggy Saturday, Sunday appears to be drier with even a little sunshine by the afternoon.
Here's the 5 day rainfall forecast through the end of the week, which suggests that much of the state will remain dry. A storm system moving through the region on Monday could bring a band of light rain across parts of the state, but the majority will be found along the international border.
Extended Weather Outlook
Temperatures for the rest of the weekend will remain at or slightly below average, but looking at the extended temperature forecast, much of next week will be warmer than average and more like early October.
Warm Temperatures Return to Midwest
According to NOAA's CPC, the 6 to 10 day temperature outlook suggests warmer than average temperatures continuing across much of the Upper Midwest as we head through the early part of November.
6 to 10 Day Temp Outlook
Here's the national temperature outlook from November 4th - 8th, which shows warmer than average conditions across much of the nation.
National Weather Outlook
Active weather conditions continue across the Western U.S. with heavy rain along the coast and high elevation snow. Some of the Pacific moisture will make it into the Central US over the coming days.
According to NOAA's WPC, the heaviest precipitation across the nation will be found in the Western U.S., where come 3" to 6"+ amounts can't be ruled out across parts of California. It appears that some moisture will now start to work into the Central US from the Gulf of Mexico, however amounts don't look terribly heavy.
"10 Years on, Climate Economists Reflect on Stern Review"
"Climate change is ultimately a problem of dollars and cents across generations. That’s because the actions society takes today to address climate change — namely cutting carbon pollution — won’t provide immediate benefits. Instead, those benefits will be reaped in the coming years and decades and even centuries in the form of fewer people dying from heat waves, cities not being submerged by rising seas, farmers dealing with reduced risk of megadroughts. Weighing all these costs and benefits in terms that governments can create policies around and businesses can prepare for is no small task. Yet 10 years ago, that’s the Stern Review, a 700-page behemoth of a report, did."
"Shipping Industry Postpones Climate Plan Until 2023"
"A firm plan for potentially easing the shipping industry’s impact on the climate will be delayed for seven years under a roadmap drafted by a United Nations agency on Friday. The lackluster outcome at the end of a week of environmental talks in London deepened the disparity between ship and plane operators and much of the rest of the world when it comes to tackling global warming. The shipping industry participated in the negotiations on behalf of some nations."
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