CHEMICAL DEFINITIONS

  • Updated: September 3, 2011 - 11:24 PM

CHEMICAL DEFINITIONS

A guide to what was found in the synthetic drugs analyzed for the Star Tribune.

SYNTHETIC POT:

Mixture of dried herbs sprayed with psychoactive chemicals and sold as herbal incense, K2 or Spice.

JWH compounds: Interact with the same brain receptors as THC, the active ingredient in marijuana. Include JWH-018, JWH-122 and others.

RCS-4: Synthetic "cannabinoid." Produces effects similar to JWH compounds.

AM-2201: One of five synthetic cannabinoids banned by U.S. authorities in 2011.

STIMULANTS:

Sold as bath salts, plant food and research chemicals.

MDPV: Produces effects similar to cocaine or amphetamines.

3 or 4 Flouromethcathinone and 3,4 Dimethylmethcathinone: Members of cathinone class of drugs, named for substance found in the khat plant.

MDAI: Developed in the 1990s. An analog of outlawed rave drug MDMA, also known as Ecstasy.

1-1-Benzofuran-6yl-propan-2 amine: Like MDAI, produces psychedelic effects and stimulation.

Caffeine: Toxic at high concentrations. Could cause users to take extra doses in search of a high, leading to a possible overdose.

PSYCHEDELIC:

Sold as bath salts.

5-MeO-DALT: A psychedelic tryptamine first synthesized by prolific California chemist Alexander Shulgin.

HALLUCINOGEN:

Sold as a "research chemical."

Methoxy phencyclidine: A close chemical relative of PCP or angel dust, which is known to cause severe hallucinations and the "Superman" effect.

ANESTHETIC:

Lidocaine: Found in most of the bath salts. Used by doctors to numb tissue but also by illicit drugmakers to dilute or boost a drug. Experts say its undisclosed presence is bad because a lidocaine overdose can be fatal.

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